8 Works

Harmonised data on European raw materials, the creation and content of the MIN4EU database

Lisbeth Flindt Jørgensen , Eimear Deady , Špela Kumelj , Kari Aslaksen Aasly , Marc Urvois , Jørgen Tulstrup & Mikael Pedersen
European geology ranges from old mountain chains with more or less altered magmatic and sedimentary deposits over glaciogenic materials from the recent Ice Ages to very young marine or alluvial deposits etc. Thus, the ground under our feet carries a large variety of raw materials from sand and gravel over granites and marbles to precious or critical metals and minerals. Humans have extracted these materials from the (sub)surface since prehistorical eras, and these indispensable substances...

Collecting, sharing, and visualising harmonised data on European raw materials occurrences and mines – success or failure?

Špela Kumelj , Lisbeth Flindt Jørgensen , Frands Schjøth , Andrej Vihtelič , Blaž Bahar & Katarina Hribernik
Geological Survey of Slovenia, Slovenia(1);Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Denmark(2);Easy web access to useful and reliable mineral information for the whole of Europe is the main objective of the extension of the M4EU base in the GeoERA project Mineral Intelligence for Europe (MINTELL4EU). The foundation has been laid by previous projects such as Minerals4EU, ProSUM, SCRREEN, EuRare, ORAMA, and new ones have been added in collaboration with ongoing projects such as RESEERVE. Europe's geological...

Geodata management in a European perspective – The European Geological Data Infrastructure (EGDI)

Dana Čápová , Jasna Šinigoj , Marc Urvois , Matt Harrison , Patrick Bell , Margarita Sanabria , José Román Hernández Manchado , Mikael Pedersen & Jørgen Tulstrup
In 2014, an analysis showed that EU had funded geoscientific data harmonisation projects with several hundred thousand Euros but that only a small fraction of the results were sustained a few years after the projects ended. EuroGeoSurveys therefore decided to establish the EGDI which was first launched in 2016. This version consisted of a web GIS, dedicated GIS viewers for specific geoscientific topics, numerous distributed web services, a metadata catalogue, a database for pan-European harvested...

MINTELL4EU; the European Minerals Yearbook

Eimear Deady , Špela Kumelj & Lisbeth Flindt Jørgensen
The MINTELL4EU project builds upon previous European-wide mineral intelligence projects, including ORAMA, MICA, MINventory and particularly the Minerals Intelligence Network for Europe project (Minerals4EU). In this most recent iteration, we have surveyed European geological surveys and other relevant data sources for detailed information on European mineral production, trade, resource, reserve and exploration data. We present an updated electronic Minerals Yearbook, a snapshot of current European mineral intelligence. We will illustrate some preliminary data analysis of...

Geology across borders - Towards a consistent interpretation of the subsurface in the Central North Sea covering the Dutch, German and Danish offshore areas.

Hauke Thöle , Fabian Jähne-Klingberg , Maryke den Dulk , Hans Doornenbal, Finn Christian Jakobsen & Peter Britze
Geology does not follow national borders and for many areas of application, it is essential to know the characteristics of the subsurface on both sides of the border. In the area of the North Sea, however, consistent interpretation of the subsurface across borders are rare, as most studies carried out here by the Geological Survey Organizations (GSOs) in charge have remained confined to their national territories. As a consequence, the interpretations are often not aligned...

Traded metal scrap, traded alloying elements: A case study of Denmark and implications for circular economy

Juan Tan
Since metals are often used in alloyed forms, proper management and efficient recycling of metal scrap is key to sustainable management of those alloying metals as well. Previous studies on the trade of metals and metal containing products focused mainly on the carrying major metals themselves, however, the quantity and type of their embodied alloying elements remain rarely investigated. In this paper, we aim to address this knowledge gap by compiling an alloying element composition...

Europe’s resilience on raw materials – how did GeoERA contribute

Antje Wittenberg , Daniel P. S. de Oliveira , Lisbeth Flindt Jørgensen , Tom Heldal & F. Javier González Sanz
Europe’s Green Transition is a declared key political goal in the European Union. The technology needed to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050 relies heavily on metals and minerals. Responsible sourcing and short travel distances of the required materials make a positive contribution to an environmental balance. In addition, raw materials make an important contribution to the well-being of a society. Hence, the United Nations sees raw materials as the key component for achieving all 17...

Towards a harmonised inventory for European mineral resources

Kari Aasly , Mark Simoni , Pasi Eilu & Lisbeth Flindt-Jørgensen
With the global increase in raw material demand there is a need for harmonized supporting tools for sustainable resource management in Europe. Europe needs to assess their resource potential, but the European countries do not have a common tool to aggregate information for continent-wide resource inventories. The United Nations Framework Classification for Resources (UNFC) is a system that may be used for this purpose. One of the specific tasks in the MINTELL4EU project under the...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Text


  • Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland
  • Norwegian Geological Survey
  • British Geological Survey
  • Instituto Geológico y Minero de España
  • Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
  • Geological Survey of Slovenia
  • Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières
  • National Laboratory of Energy and Geology
  • Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research
  • Czech Geological Survey