16 Works

Antecedents of purpose in life: Evidence from a lagged exposure-wide analysis

Ying Chen, Eric S. Kim, Alexandra E. Shields & Tyler J. VanderWeele
Potential antecedents to having a sense of purpose in life remain understudied. As researchers begin contemplating purpose as a promising target of public health intervention, it is critical to identify its antecedents. Using prospective data from the Nurses’ Health Study II (2009–2016; N ranged from 3,905 to 4,189), this study evaluated a wide range of potential antecedents of purpose, including psychosocial well-being, psychological distress, employment characteristics, lifestyle, and physical health factors. In separate regression models,...

Viral RNA level, serum antibody responses, and transmission risk in recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results: a population-based observational cohort study

Chao Yang, Min Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Xiujuan Tang, Shisong Fang, Hao Li, Le Zuo, Yixiang Jiang, Yifan Zhong, Qiongcheng Chen, Chenli Zheng, Lei Wang, Shuang Wu, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Zhen Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Yijie Geng, Huan Zhang, Huanying Zheng, Min Wan, Linying Lu, Xiaohu Ren … & Qinghua Hu
Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression....

Viral RNA level, serum antibody responses, and transmission risk in recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results: a population-based observational cohort study

Chao Yang, Min Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Xiujuan Tang, Shisong Fang, Hao Li, Le Zuo, Yixiang Jiang, Yifan Zhong, Qiongcheng Chen, Chenli Zheng, Lei Wang, Shuang Wu, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Zhen Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Yijie Geng, Huan Zhang, Huanying Zheng, Min Wan, Linying Lu, Xiaohu Ren … & Qinghua Hu
Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression....

Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid in clinically recovered COVID-19 patients was not associated with effective infectiousness

Ke Hong, Wei Cao, Zhengyin Liu, Ling Lin, Xing Zhou, Yan Zeng, Yuan Wei, Li Chen, Xiaosheng Liu, Yang Han, Lianguo Ruan & Taisheng Li
Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid was reported in certain patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with unclear clinical and epidemiological significance. We here described the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 37 recovered COVID-19 patients with prolonged presence of viral RNA in Wuhan, China. For those who had been discharged and re-admitted, their close contacts outside the hospital were traced and evaluated. The median age of the 37 patients was 62 years (IQR 50, 68),...

Antecedents of purpose in life: Evidence from a lagged exposure-wide analysis

Ying Chen, Eric S. Kim, Alexandra E. Shields & Tyler J. VanderWeele
Potential antecedents to having a sense of purpose in life remain understudied. As researchers begin contemplating purpose as a promising target of public health intervention, it is critical to identify its antecedents. Using prospective data from the Nurses’ Health Study II (2009–2016; N ranged from 3,905 to 4,189), this study evaluated a wide range of potential antecedents of purpose, including psychosocial well-being, psychological distress, employment characteristics, lifestyle, and physical health factors. In separate regression models,...

Corticosteroid prevents COVID-19 progression within its therapeutic window: a multicentre, proof-of-concept, observational study

Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Tao Li, Shiji Chan, Yiqi Yu, Jing-Wen Ai, Haocheng Zhang, Feng Sun, Qiran Zhang, Lei Zhu, Lingyun Shao, Bin Xu & Wenhong Zhang
Critically ill patients with coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) are of grave concern. Those patients usually underwent a stage of excessive inflammation before developing acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this study, we test the hypothesis that short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids would benefit patients when used in the early phase of excessive inflammation, namely, the therapeutic window. Among a Shanghai cohort and a validation cohort, we enrolled COVID-19 patients showing marked radiographic progression. Short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids were considered...

Hepatic stellate cell reprogramming via exosome-mediated CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 delivery

Nianan Luo, Jiangbin Li, Yafeng Chen, Yan Xu, Yu Wei, Jianguo Lu & Rui Dong
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in the progression of liver fibrosis, which can be considered as the specific therapeutic target of anti-fibrotic treatment. Targeted induction of HSCs to hepatocytes via delivery of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (dCas9) system holds promise for hepatic fibrosis treatment. Our study here revealed that CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 system encapsulated in AML12 cell-derived exosomes could efficiently and successfully be delivered into the HSCs. In turn,...

A simple electrochemical method for Cd(II) determination in real samples based on carbon nanotubes and metal-organic frameworks

Ling Yu, Jing-Wei Wan, Xian-Zhu Meng, Hui-Wen Gu, Ying Chen & Hong-Chao Yi
The establishment of a simple and effective method for determination of heavy metal ions has great significance due to the high hazard of heavy metal ions to public health and environments. Herein, we developed a facile way to synthesise a nanocomposite comprised of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and explored its application in constructing an electrochemical (EC) sensor for detection of Cd2+ in aqueous solutions. The sensing surface was simply fabricated by casting...

Immune responses of a CV-A16 live attenuated candidate strain and its protective effects in rhesus monkeys

Ting Yang, Tianhong Xie, Hua Li, Xia Song, Lei Yue, Xi Wang, Dong Shen, Kaili Ma, Qinfang Jiang, Runxiang Long, Rong Yang, Xin He, Ye Zhang, Zhongping Xie & Qihan Li
Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) is a major causative pathogen of hand, foot, and mouth diseases (HFMDs). The licensed HFMD vaccine targets EV-A71 without cross-protection against CV-A16. Thus, a CV-A16 vaccine is needed. In this study, the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a live attenuated CV-A16 candidate, K168-8Ac, were evaluated in a rhesus monkey model. Four passages of this strain (P35, P50, P60, and P70) were administered to monkeys, and its protective effect was identified. The immunized...

Corticosteroid prevents COVID-19 progression within its therapeutic window: a multicentre, proof-of-concept, observational study

Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Tao Li, Shiji Chan, Yiqi Yu, Jing-Wen Ai, Haocheng Zhang, Feng Sun, Qiran Zhang, Lei Zhu, Lingyun Shao, Bin Xu & Wenhong Zhang
Critically ill patients with coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) are of grave concern. Those patients usually underwent a stage of excessive inflammation before developing acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this study, we test the hypothesis that short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids would benefit patients when used in the early phase of excessive inflammation, namely, the therapeutic window. Among a Shanghai cohort and a validation cohort, we enrolled COVID-19 patients showing marked radiographic progression. Short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids were considered...

Hepatic stellate cell reprogramming via exosome-mediated CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 delivery

Nianan Luo, Jiangbin Li, Yafeng Chen, Yan Xu, Yu Wei, Jianguo Lu & Rui Dong
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in the progression of liver fibrosis, which can be considered as the specific therapeutic target of anti-fibrotic treatment. Targeted induction of HSCs to hepatocytes via delivery of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (dCas9) system holds promise for hepatic fibrosis treatment. Our study here revealed that CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 system encapsulated in AML12 cell-derived exosomes could efficiently and successfully be delivered into the HSCs. In turn,...

Chiral 4-O-acylterpineol as transdermal permeation enhancers: insights of the enhancement mechanisms of a transdermal enantioselective delivery system for flurbiprofen

Tianzhe Chu, Chunyan Wang, Jing Wang, Heping Wang, Dandan Geng, Chensi Wu, Linlin Zhao & Ligang Zhao
In order to devise more effective penetration enhancers, 4-O-acylterpineol derivatives which were expected to be hydrolyzed into nontoxic metabolites by esterase in the living epidermis, were synthesized from 4-terpineol (4-TER) enantiomers and straight chain fatty acids. Their promoting activities on the SR-flurbiprofen and its enantiomers were tested across full-thickness rabbit skin, as well as to correlate under in vitro and in vivo conditions. The permeation studies indicated that both d-4-O-acylterpineol and l-4-O-acylterpineol had significant enhancing...

Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid in clinically recovered COVID-19 patients was not associated with effective infectiousness

Ke Hong, Wei Cao, Zhengyin Liu, Ling Lin, Xing Zhou, Yan Zeng, Yuan Wei, Li Chen, Xiaosheng Liu, Yang Han, Lianguo Ruan & Taisheng Li
Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid was reported in certain patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with unclear clinical and epidemiological significance. We here described the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 37 recovered COVID-19 patients with prolonged presence of viral RNA in Wuhan, China. For those who had been discharged and re-admitted, their close contacts outside the hospital were traced and evaluated. The median age of the 37 patients was 62 years (IQR 50, 68),...

Chiral 4-O-acylterpineol as transdermal permeation enhancers: insights of the enhancement mechanisms of a transdermal enantioselective delivery system for flurbiprofen

Tianzhe Chu, Chunyan Wang, Jing Wang, Heping Wang, Dandan Geng, Chensi Wu, Linlin Zhao & Ligang Zhao
In order to devise more effective penetration enhancers, 4-O-acylterpineol derivatives which were expected to be hydrolyzed into nontoxic metabolites by esterase in the living epidermis, were synthesized from 4-terpineol (4-TER) enantiomers and straight chain fatty acids. Their promoting activities on the SR-flurbiprofen and its enantiomers were tested across full-thickness rabbit skin, as well as to correlate under in vitro and in vivo conditions. The permeation studies indicated that both d-4-O-acylterpineol and l-4-O-acylterpineol had significant enhancing...

A simple electrochemical method for Cd(II) determination in real samples based on carbon nanotubes and metal-organic frameworks

Ling Yu, Jing-Wei Wan, Xian-Zhu Meng, Hui-Wen Gu, Ying Chen & Hong-Chao Yi
The establishment of a simple and effective method for determination of heavy metal ions has great significance due to the high hazard of heavy metal ions to public health and environments. Herein, we developed a facile way to synthesise a nanocomposite comprised of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and explored its application in constructing an electrochemical (EC) sensor for detection of Cd2+ in aqueous solutions. The sensing surface was simply fabricated by casting...

Immune responses of a CV-A16 live attenuated candidate strain and its protective effects in rhesus monkeys

Ting Yang, Tianhong Xie, Hua Li, Xia Song, Lei Yue, Xi Wang, Dong Shen, Kaili Ma, Qinfang Jiang, Runxiang Long, Rong Yang, Xin He, Ye Zhang, Zhongping Xie & Qihan Li
Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) is a major causative pathogen of hand, foot, and mouth diseases (HFMDs). The licensed HFMD vaccine targets EV-A71 without cross-protection against CV-A16. Thus, a CV-A16 vaccine is needed. In this study, the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a live attenuated CV-A16 candidate, K168-8Ac, were evaluated in a rhesus monkey model. Four passages of this strain (P35, P50, P60, and P70) were administered to monkeys, and its protective effect was identified. The immunized...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    16

Resource Types

  • Text
    16

Affiliations

  • Sichuan University
    16
  • Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University
    16
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    14
  • Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
    12
  • Zhejiang University
    10
  • First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University
    10
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    9
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    9
  • Nanjing Medical University
    8
  • Nantong University
    7