122 Works

Synthesis of novel, DNA binding heterocyclic dehydroabietylamine derivatives as potential antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing agents

Fengyi Zhao, Xu Sun, Wen Lu, Li Xu, Jiuzhou Shi, Shilong Yang, Mengyi Zhou, Fan Su, Feng Lin & Fuliang Cao
Several dehydroabietylamine derivatives containing heterocyclic moieties such as thiophene and pyrazine ring were successfully synthesized. The antiproliferative activities of these thiophene-based Schiff-bases, thiophene amides, and pyrazine amides were investigated in vitro against Hela (cervix), MCF-7 (breast), A549 (lung), HepG2 (liver), and HUVEC (umbilical vein) cells by MTT assay. The toxicity of L1−L10 (IC50 = 5.92− >100 μM) was lower than L0 (1.27 μM) and DOX (4.40 μM) in every case. Compound L1 had higher anti-HepG2...

Tick-borne encephalitis virus NS4A ubiquitination antagonizes type I interferon-stimulated STAT1/2 signalling pathway

Qi Yang, Jia You, Yuan Zhou, Yun Wang, Rongjuan Pei, Xinwen Chen, Min Yang & Jizheng Chen
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) accounts for approximately 10,000 annual cases of severe encephalitis in Europe and Asia and causes encephalitis in humans. In this study, we demonstrate TBEV appears to activate the interferon (IFN)-β dependent on RIG-I/MDA5. Both the IFN-β accumulation and the IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) transcription greatly delay. Further studies reveal that TBEV NS4A could block the phosphorylation and dimerization of STAT1/STAT2 to affect type I and II IFN-mediated STAT signalling. Additional data...

Chiral 4-O-acylterpineol as transdermal permeation enhancers: insights of the enhancement mechanisms of a transdermal enantioselective delivery system for flurbiprofen

Tianzhe Chu, Chunyan Wang, Jing Wang, Heping Wang, Dandan Geng, Chensi Wu, Linlin Zhao & Ligang Zhao
In order to devise more effective penetration enhancers, 4-O-acylterpineol derivatives which were expected to be hydrolyzed into nontoxic metabolites by esterase in the living epidermis, were synthesized from 4-terpineol (4-TER) enantiomers and straight chain fatty acids. Their promoting activities on the SR-flurbiprofen and its enantiomers were tested across full-thickness rabbit skin, as well as to correlate under in vitro and in vivo conditions. The permeation studies indicated that both d-4-O-acylterpineol and l-4-O-acylterpineol had significant enhancing...

Trends in prevalence and incidence of scabies from 1990 to 2017: findings from the global Burden of disease study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unravelled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of scabies tend to a moderate increase after age 70....

Trends in Prevalence and Incidence of Scabies from 1990 to 2017: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unraveled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of age-standardized rate (ASR) of scabies tend to a moderate...

Emerging colistin resistance in Salmonella enterica serovar Newport isolates from human infections

Mohammed Elbediwi, Hang Pan, Silpak Biswas, Yan Li & Min Yue
Worldwide emergence of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport (S. Newport) infection in humans, in parallel with a significant increasing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AR), is a serious public health concern. However, the prevalence of S. Newport resistance in China remains largely unknown. A retrospective study of 287 S. Newport clinical isolates collected during 1997–2018 was undertaken for characterization of AR profiles using the micro-dilution assay. We found a recent emergence of colistin resistance in four Chinese...

Dissipation rates, residue distribution and dietary risk assessment of isoprothiolane and tebuconazole in paddy field using UPLC-MS/MS

Guofeng Chen, Feng Liu, Xiaobo Zhang, Jiannan Dong, Yuxin Qiao, Ruiying Zhang & Hui Liao
A QuEChERS method was developed to simultaneously quantify isoprothiolane and tebuconazole in paddy field samples by using UPLC-MS/MS. The method has been successfully applied in determining isoprothiolane and tebuconazole in brown rice, polished rice, rice husk and straw. The dissipation behaviour of isoprothiolane and tebuconazole in rice followed first-order kinetics, with a linear correlation coefficient of 0.8283 to 0.9877. The degradation half-life of isoprothiolane in rice grain was 6.5–25.7 days, whereas that of tebuconazole was...

Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid in clinically recovered COVID-19 patients was not associated with effective infectiousness

Ke Hong, Wei Cao, Zhengyin Liu, Ling Lin, Xing Zhou, Yan Zeng, Yuan Wei, Li Chen, Xiaosheng Liu, Yang Han, Lianguo Ruan & Taisheng Li
Prolonged presence of viral nucleic acid was reported in certain patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with unclear clinical and epidemiological significance. We here described the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 37 recovered COVID-19 patients with prolonged presence of viral RNA in Wuhan, China. For those who had been discharged and re-admitted, their close contacts outside the hospital were traced and evaluated. The median age of the 37 patients was 62 years (IQR 50, 68),...

Investigation of Pb (II) and Cd (II) removal from aqueous solution by organic-modified xonotlite

Wei Zhou, Junliang Xin & Wenqing Tang
In this work, a novel xonotlite nanocomposite was synthesised with abandoned eggshell by hydrothermal method, and organic-modified with toluene diisocyanate (TDI) for the removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from wastewater. The xonotlite and organic-modified xonotlite were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunner-Emmet-Teller (BET) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) methods. The effect of solution pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, and initial concentrations were also investigated. The organic-modified xonotlite was found to...

Supplemental Material, CONSORT_b - Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial

Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen & Desheng Wang
Supplemental Material, CONSORT_b for Effectiveness of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Versus Mandibular Advancement Device in Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients With Mandibular Retrognathia: A Prospective Clinical Trial by Haichun Lai, Wei Huang, Wei Chen and Desheng Wang in Ear, Nose & Throat Journal

Engineered bovine serum albumin-based nanoparticles with pH-sensitivity for doxorubicin delivery and controlled release

Zhihang Yang, Na Zhang, Teng Ma, Libo Liu, Lini Zhao & Hui Xie
In this work, we prepared a stimuli-responsive system for drug delivery and controlled release by engineering the bovine serum albumin (BSA). The doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded BSA nanoparticles (NPs) were conveniently prepared using desolvation method, followed by crosslinking through Schiff base bonds, leading to pH-sensitive DOX-loaded system (DOXs@BSA NPs). The resulted DOXs@BSA NPs showed high drug loading capacity (21.4%), and the particle size was about 130 nm with narrow polydispersity and high negative surface charge (−20.5 mV)....

Analytical comparisons of SARS-COV-2 detection by qRT-PCR and ddPCR with multiple primer/probe sets

Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Qiuhan Zhang, Dong Guo, Lu Zhang, Tao Suo, Wenjia Hu, Ming Guo, Xin Wang, Zhixiang Huang, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Yu Chen & Ke Lan
Different primers/probes sets have been developed all over the world for the nucleic acid detection of SARS-CoV-2 by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) as a standard method. In our recent study, we explored the feasibility of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) for clinical SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid detection compared with qRT-PCR using the same primer/probe sets issued by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) targeting viral ORF1ab or N gene, which showed that...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

Epidemiology and clinical course of COVID-19 in Shanghai, China

Yinzhong Shen, Fang Zheng, Danfeng Sun, Yun Ling, Jun Chen, Feng Li, Tao Li, Zhiping Qian, Yuyi Zhang, Qingnian Xu, Li Liu, Qin Huang, Fei Shan, Lie Xu, Jun Wu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhigang Song, Shenyang Li, Yuxin Shi, Jianliang Zhang, Xueyun Wu, Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Tongyu Zhu & Hongzhou Lu
Background: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is prevalent around the world. We aimed to describe epidemiological features and clinical course in Shanghai. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 325 cases admitted at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, between January 20 and February 29, 2020. Results: 47.4% (154/325) had visited Wuhan within 2 weeks of illness onset. 57.2% occurred in 67 clusters; 40% were situated within 53 family clusters. 83.7% developed fever during the disease course. Median times from...

Stochastic Tree Search for Estimating Optimal Dynamic Treatment Regimes

Yilun Sun & Lu Wang
A dynamic treatment regime (DTR) is a sequence of decision rules that adapt to the time-varying states of an individual. Black-box learning methods have shown great potential in predicting the optimal treatments; however, the resulting DTRs lack interpretability, which is of paramount importance for medical experts to understand and implement. We present a stochastic tree-based reinforcement learning (ST-RL) method for estimating optimal DTRs in a multistage multitreatment setting with data from either randomized trials or...

Comprehensive analysis of lncRNA expression profiles in cytopathic biotype BVDV-infected MDBK cells provides an insight into biological contexts of host-BVDV interactions

Xuwen Gao, Chao Niu, Zhuo Wang, Shuo Jia, Meijing Han, Yingying Ma, Xueting Guan, Li Wang, Xinyuan Qiao & Yigang Xu
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is the causative agent of bovine viral diarrhea-mucosal disease, which significantly affects the production performance of cattle, causing serious economic losses to the cattle industries worldwide. Up to now, some mechanisms involved in host-BVDV interaction are still not fully understood. The discovery of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has provided a new perspective on gene regulation in diverse biological contexts, particularly in viral infection and host immune responses. However, little is...

Robust neutralization assay based on SARS-CoV-2 S-protein-bearing vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) pseudovirus and ACE2-overexpressing BHK21 cells

Hua-Long Xiong, Yang-Tao Wu, Jia-Li Cao, Ren Yang, Ying-Xia Liu, Jian Ma, Xiao-Yang Qiao, Xiang-Yang Yao, Bao-Hui Zhang, Ya-Li Zhang, Wang-Heng Hou, Yang Shi, Jing-Jing Xu, Liang Zhang, Shao-Juan Wang, Bao-Rong Fu, Ting Yang, Sheng-Xiang Ge, Jun Zhang, Quan Yuan, Bao-Ying Huang, Zhi-Yong Li, Tian-Ying Zhang & Ning-Shao Xia
The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disaster for human society. A convenient and reliable neutralization assay is very important for the development of vaccines and novel drugs. In this study, a G protein-deficient vesicular stomatitis virus (VSVdG) bearing a truncated spike protein (S with C-terminal 18 amino acid truncation) was compared to that bearing the full-length spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 and showed much higher efficiency. A neutralization assay was established based...

SARS-CoV-2 spike produced in insect cells elicits high neutralization titres in non-human primates

Tingting Li, Qingbing Zheng, Hai Yu, Dinghui Wu, Wenhui Xue, Hualong Xiong, Xiaofen Huang, Meifeng Nie, Mingxi Yue, Rui Rong, Sibo Zhang, Yuyun Zhang, Yangtao Wu, Shaojuan Wang, Zhenghui Zha, Tingting Chen, Tingting Deng, Yingbin Wang, Tianying Zhang, Yixin Chen, Quan Yuan, Qinjian Zhao, Jun Zhang, Ying Gu, Shaowei Li … & Ningshao Xia
The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was the result of the rapid transmission of a highly pathogenic coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), for which there is no efficacious vaccine or therapeutic. Toward the development of a vaccine, here we expressed and evaluated as potential candidates four versions of the spike (S) protein using an insect cell expression system: receptor binding domain (RBD), S1 subunit, the wild-type S ectodomain (S-WT), and the...

SARS-CoV-2 spike produced in insect cells elicits high neutralization titres in non-human primates

Tingting Li, Qingbing Zheng, Hai Yu, Dinghui Wu, Wenhui Xue, Hualong Xiong, Xiaofen Huang, Meifeng Nie, Mingxi Yue, Rui Rong, Sibo Zhang, Yuyun Zhang, Yangtao Wu, Shaojuan Wang, Zhenghui Zha, Tingting Chen, Tingting Deng, Yingbin Wang, Tianying Zhang, Yixin Chen, Quan Yuan, Qinjian Zhao, Jun Zhang, Ying Gu, Shaowei Li … & Ningshao Xia
The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic was the result of the rapid transmission of a highly pathogenic coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), for which there is no efficacious vaccine or therapeutic. Toward the development of a vaccine, here we expressed and evaluated as potential candidates four versions of the spike (S) protein using an insect cell expression system: receptor binding domain (RBD), S1 subunit, the wild-type S ectodomain (S-WT), and the...

Hyaluronic acid reduction-sensitive polymeric micelles achieving co-delivery of tumor-targeting paclitaxel/apatinib effectively reverse cancer multidrug resistance

Xiaoqing Zhang, Xiaomei Ren, Jiayin Tang, Jiangtao Wang, Xiang Zhang, Peng He, Chang Yao, Weihe Bian & Lizhu Sun
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of cancer cells is a significant challenge in chemotherapy, highlighting the urgent medical need for simple and reproducible strategies to reverse this process. Here, we report the development of an active tumor-targeting and redox-responsive nanoplatform (PA-ss-NP) using hyaluronic acid-g-cystamine dihydrochloride-poly-ε-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-L-lysine (HA-ss-PLLZ) to co-deliver paclitaxel (PTX) and apatinib (APA) for effective reversal of MDR. This smart nanoplatform specifically bound to CD44 receptors, leading to selective accumulation at the tumor site and uptake by...

Hyaluronic acid reduction-sensitive polymeric micelles achieving co-delivery of tumor-targeting paclitaxel/apatinib effectively reverse cancer multidrug resistance

Xiaoqing Zhang, Xiaomei Ren, Jiayin Tang, Jiangtao Wang, Xiang Zhang, Peng He, Chang Yao, Weihe Bian & Lizhu Sun
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of cancer cells is a significant challenge in chemotherapy, highlighting the urgent medical need for simple and reproducible strategies to reverse this process. Here, we report the development of an active tumor-targeting and redox-responsive nanoplatform (PA-ss-NP) using hyaluronic acid-g-cystamine dihydrochloride-poly-ε-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-L-lysine (HA-ss-PLLZ) to co-deliver paclitaxel (PTX) and apatinib (APA) for effective reversal of MDR. This smart nanoplatform specifically bound to CD44 receptors, leading to selective accumulation at the tumor site and uptake by...

Defective apoptotic cell clearance activates innate immune response to protect Caenorhabditis elegans against pathogenic bacteria

Jinlong Wan, Lei Yuan, Huiru Jing, Qian Zheng & Hui Xiao
Appropriate clearance of dead cells generated by apoptosis is critical to the development of multicellular organisms and tissue homeostasis. In mammals, the removal of apoptotic cell is mediated by polarized monocyte/macrophage populations of the innate immune system. The innate immune system is essential for anti-viral and anti-microbial defense. However, our current understanding of the relationship between apoptotic cell clearance and the innate immune response has remained rather limited. Here, we study how apoptotic cell clearance...

Defective apoptotic cell clearance activates innate immune response to protect Caenorhabditis elegans against pathogenic bacteria

Jinlong Wan, Lei Yuan, Huiru Jing, Qian Zheng & Hui Xiao
Appropriate clearance of dead cells generated by apoptosis is critical to the development of multicellular organisms and tissue homeostasis. In mammals, the removal of apoptotic cell is mediated by polarized monocyte/macrophage populations of the innate immune system. The innate immune system is essential for anti-viral and anti-microbial defense. However, our current understanding of the relationship between apoptotic cell clearance and the innate immune response has remained rather limited. Here, we study how apoptotic cell clearance...

Convergence of carbapenem resistance and hypervirulence in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone of K. pneumoniae: An epidemiological, genomic and functional study

Ping Li, Qiqiang Liang, Wugao Liu, Beiwen Zheng, Lizhang Liu, Wei Wang, Zhijiang Xu, Man Huang & Youjun Feng
Co-occurrence of hypervirulence and KPC-2 carbapenem resistant phenotypes in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone ofKlebsiella pneumoniae has elicited deep concerns from public health stand point. To address this puzzle, we conducted a large-scale epidemiological, clinical and genomic study of K. pneumonia ST11 clones with both hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance in two tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang province. Most of the patients (15/23) were diagnosed with exclusively carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) infections. Ten death cases were reported, some...

Human coronavirus dependency on host heat shock protein 90 reveals an antiviral target

Cun Li, Hin Chu, Xiaojuan Liu, Man Chun Chiu, Xiaoyu Zhao, Dong Wang, Yuxuan Wei, Yuxin Hou, Huiping Shuai, Jianpiao Cai, Jasper Fuk-Woo Chan, Jie Zhou & Kwok Yung Yuen
Rapid accumulation of viral proteins in host cells render viruses highly dependent on cellular chaperones including heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). Three highly pathogenic human coronaviruses, including MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, have emerged in the past 2 decades. However, there is no approved antiviral agent against these coronaviruses. We inspected the role of Hsp90 for coronavirus propagation. First, an Hsp90 inhibitor, 17-AAG, significantly suppressed MERS-CoV propagation in cell lines and physiological-relevant human intestinal organoids. Second,...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    122

Resource Types

  • Text
    122

Affiliations

  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    122
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    97
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    87
  • Sichuan University
    84
  • Zhejiang University
    81
  • Fudan University
    77
  • Nanjing Medical University
    74
  • Capital Medical University
    71
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    62
  • Peking University
    61