This application note describes the growth of a novel Bi₂Se₃/ C₆₀ heterostructure in the Royce deposition system at the University of Leeds. We also present structural characterisation and transmission electron microscopy data in order to understand nature of the Bi₂Se₃/ C₆₀ interface.
This application note describes the growth Pt thin films in the Royce Deposition System. X-ray reflectivity and diffraction shows that these sputtered Pt thin films have low surface roughness and are (111) textured. These properties are desirable for the growth of Pt in magnetic multilayers and as seed layers for other materials.
This document describes the activities and outcomes of the GCRF African Science for Weather Information and Forecasting Techniques (SWIFT) Weather Forecasting Testbed 1. Testbed 1 was conducted in the first part of 2019, from an operational forecasting office at IMTR Nairobi, at the Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD). Other centres connected to the Testbed by video-conference. The Testbed was designed to support SWIFT’s programme of research capability-building in the science of weather prediction. New forecasting and...
The third national lockdown began early January 2021 and started to ease on 8th March when schools and limited outdoor social contact resumed. Police-recorded crime rates per 10,000 population (in orange) are here compared to expected rates (black lines, with confidence intervals in grey). Crime effects in January and February 2021 were similar to first lockdown (Apr-Jun 2020) but with notable differences. Acquisitive crime except bike theft fell sharply but began to increase in March....
In this Global Review on Safer End of Engineered Life, we take a long overdue and systematic look at the scientific evidence around waste and resources management and the impact on human health and life. Surprisingly, this research appears to be the first of its kind anywhere in the world. We offer suggestions for immediate corrective action that should be taken and identify where engineering solutions could mitigate and prevent harm to human life and...
This application note describes the growth of crystalline thin films of C60
Nuclear Small Modular Reactors (SMRs) can play a role in UK decarbonisation, providing low-carbon electricity and heat. SMR investments are more affordable and less risky, therefore attracting a wider range of potential investors. The UK government needs to develop a consistent strategy to support UK SMRs.
As a result of the disruptions caused by Covid-19, this research aims to understand the current state of global textile supply chains, and what impacts the pandemic has caused to the risks of modern slavery and labour exploitation. By taking a wide scope of literature and surveys from multiple stakeholders including: industry, governmental, international, business membership, and non-governmental organisations, we hoped to gain a broad understanding of the current issues. Our objectives were to assess...
2021 has been a landmark year for UK energy and climate policy. Plans and strategies were announced across many sectors, from offshore wind to how we heat our homes. The UK also hosted COP26 and pressed hard for greater ambition. Now that the spotlight has moved, in this Review, we consider whether plans will be adequate to deliver results. With a focus on gas and the UK continental shelf, industrial decarbonisation, heat, mobility and the...
Charts show percent change in recorded crime and anti-social behaviour relative to what would be expected without the pandemic, for March 2020 to February 2021. Expected rates were calculated using 5-year ARIMA models. 95% confidence intervals are shaded. This spans first (~Apr-Jun 2020), second (Nov 2020) and third (here Jan-Feb) national lockdowns. First national lockdown effects were larger than second, with third lockdown effects in 2021 often closer to the first. Crime effects overall reflected...
High-quality, centre-based Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) benefits toddlers’ development. New research investigated the effects of the COVID-19 disruptions on attendance and learning. It showed that ECEC boosted language and thinking skills throughout the pandemic, particularly in children from less advantaged backgrounds. This shows the importance of fully-funded ECEC for developing key skills and for levelling inequalities.
This report provides a wide range of new evidence to show how Bury Market successfully fulfils an important role in providing affordable and high quality food and a range of other goods, as well as serving as a supportive and welcoming community asset, in particular for the elderly and lower-income residents of Bury. It is one of three reports documenting evidence from the Markets4People research project1 about the wide-ranging economic, social and cultural benefits produced...
This application note describes the growth of Bismuth Telluride (Bi2Te3) in the Royce Institute thin films deposition facility and presents data demonstrating the material’s properties.
The closure of the UK’s EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS) poses new challenges for migrant Roma in the UK and could further increase existing inequalities, create barriers to work for Roma, and contribute to ongoing marginalisation. Roma communities would benefit from continued frontline support in order to retain their full rights to live and work in the UK.
Queen’s Market: a successful and specialised market serving diverse communities in Newham and beyondMyfanwy Taylor, Sophie Watson, Sara Gonzalez, Lisa Buckner, Andy Newing & Rosemary Wilkinson
This report demonstrates the importance and success of Queen’s Market as a specialist, affordable food and textiles market, and a welcoming and supportive community asset serving migrant and ethnically diverse communities in Newham, east London, and beyond. It is one of three reports documenting evidence from the Markets4People research project1 about the wide-ranging economic, social and cultural benefits produced by three of the UK’s largest and strongest traditional retail markets. Building on previous research, the...
This report demonstrates the importance and success of Grainger Market as an affordable and quality fresh food market and a welcoming and supportive community asset, particularly benefitting elderly and low-income groups in Newcastle. It is one of three reports documenting evidence from the Markets4People research project about the wide-ranging economic, social and cultural benefits produced by three of the UK’s largest and strongest traditional retail markets. Building on previous research, the reports bring a new...
GCRF African SWIFT and ForPAc SHEAR White Paper on the Potential of Operational Weather Prediction to Save Lives and Improve Livelihoods and Economies in Sub-Saharan AfricaLorraine Youds, Douglas Parker, Elijah A Adefisan, Philip Antwi-Agyei, Caroline L Bain, Emily C L Black, Alan Blyth, Andrew Dougill, Hirons Linda C, Victor S Indasi, Benjamin L Lamptey, Fionne Marshall, John Marsham, Thorwald H M Stein, Christopher M Taylor, Martin C Todd, Emma L Visman & Steven J Woolnough
The ‘silent revolution’ of numerical weather prediction (NWP) has led to significant social benefits and billions of dollars in economic benefits to mid-latitude countries, however the level of benefit in sub-Saharan Africa has been very limited, despite the potential to save lives, improve livelihoods, protect property and infrastructure and boost economies. Ongoing climate change in Africa, and the associated projected intensification of weather impacts in coming decades, makes the realisation of effective and more reliable...
Climate adaptation policy in the UK is ineffective and fails to address the many barriers to implementing adaptation in practice. As climate change impacts are increasing, there is an urgent need to address these barriers. Focusing on England, this policy brief provides a practical approach to systematically understand and address these barriers for policymakers and practitioners who operationalise national adaptation policy.
Nowcasting (weather forecasting predictions from zero to several hours) has enormous value and potential in Africa, where populations and economic activity are highly vulnerable to rapidly changing weather conditions. Timely issuing of warnings, a few hours before an event, can enable the public and decision-makers to take action. Rainfall radar estimates are not widely available in Africa, nor likely to be in the coming years, and numerical weather prediction (NWP) currently has low skill over...
There is a huge opportunity for the African continent to benefit from the ‘silent revolution’ in weather forecasting that has been realised in the mid-latitudes throughout the twentieth century. While there are tremendous societal and economic benefits from advancing the science behind weather forecasting in sub-Saharan Africa, there are also significant barriers to realising advances. This policy brief examines the value of investment in African weather forecasting science and the technical & communication challenges that...
Two-thirds of UK councils have declared a Climate Emergency, setting ambitious Net Zero targets for their regions that will require billions of low carbon investment over the coming decade. Yet councils are at the mercy of political changes that have seen PWLB rates fluctuate, grant income fall, and SALIX scrap its 0% loan offer. Councils will struggle to meet Net Zero targets whilst maintaining front line services without new sources of borrowing, non-repayable capital, and...
This application note describes the growth and characterisation of BiFeO3 thin films grown in the Royce Deposition System by pulsed laser deposition. The film was characterised by X-ray reflectivity and X-ray diffraction.
University of Leeds27
Delft University of Technology3
Technical University of Munich3
University of Ulm3
African Center of Meteorological Application for Development3
Chalmers University of Technology3
University of Reading3
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology2
Nigerian Meteorological Agency1