24 Works

Antecedents of purpose in life: Evidence from a lagged exposure-wide analysis

Ying Chen, Eric S. Kim, Alexandra E. Shields & Tyler J. VanderWeele
Potential antecedents to having a sense of purpose in life remain understudied. As researchers begin contemplating purpose as a promising target of public health intervention, it is critical to identify its antecedents. Using prospective data from the Nurses’ Health Study II (2009–2016; N ranged from 3,905 to 4,189), this study evaluated a wide range of potential antecedents of purpose, including psychosocial well-being, psychological distress, employment characteristics, lifestyle, and physical health factors. In separate regression models,...

Corticosteroid prevents COVID-19 progression within its therapeutic window: a multicentre, proof-of-concept, observational study

Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Tao Li, Shiji Chan, Yiqi Yu, Jing-Wen Ai, Haocheng Zhang, Feng Sun, Qiran Zhang, Lei Zhu, Lingyun Shao, Bin Xu & Wenhong Zhang
Critically ill patients with coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) are of grave concern. Those patients usually underwent a stage of excessive inflammation before developing acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this study, we test the hypothesis that short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids would benefit patients when used in the early phase of excessive inflammation, namely, the therapeutic window. Among a Shanghai cohort and a validation cohort, we enrolled COVID-19 patients showing marked radiographic progression. Short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids were considered...

Hepatic stellate cell reprogramming via exosome-mediated CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 delivery

Nianan Luo, Jiangbin Li, Yafeng Chen, Yan Xu, Yu Wei, Jianguo Lu & Rui Dong
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in the progression of liver fibrosis, which can be considered as the specific therapeutic target of anti-fibrotic treatment. Targeted induction of HSCs to hepatocytes via delivery of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (dCas9) system holds promise for hepatic fibrosis treatment. Our study here revealed that CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 system encapsulated in AML12 cell-derived exosomes could efficiently and successfully be delivered into the HSCs. In turn,...

Identification of a novel bacterial receptor that binds tail tubular proteins and mediates phage infection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Maozhi Hu, Hui Zhang, Dan Gu, Yi Ma & Xiaohui Zhou
The adsorption of phages to hosts is the first step of phage infection. Studies have shown that tailed phages use tail fibres or spikes to recognize bacterial receptors and mediate adsorption. However, whether other phage tail components can also recognize host receptors is unknown. To identify potential receptors, we screened a transposon mutagenesis library of the marine pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus and discovered that a vp0980 mutant (vp0980 encodes a predicted transmembrane protein) could not be...

Status of occupational protection in the COVID-19 Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China

Min Zhang, Lili Wang, Siyuan Yu, Guixin Sun, Han Lei & Wenjuan Wu
Staff and employees “Zero infection” has been achieved during the whole medical activities in the COVID-19 Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China. This study analyses the personnel and environmental protection status of the East–West Lake Fangcang Shelter Hospital. The HCWs were mostly composed of national medical rescue teams, from different provinces in China. Before the COVID-19 outbreak, 82.64% of the HCWs had already known the proper procedure of wearing masks and other personal protective equipment...

Status of occupational protection in the COVID-19 Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China

Min Zhang, Lili Wang, Siyuan Yu, Guixin Sun, Han Lei & Wenjuan Wu
Staff and employees “Zero infection” has been achieved during the whole medical activities in the COVID-19 Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China. This study analyses the personnel and environmental protection status of the East–West Lake Fangcang Shelter Hospital. The HCWs were mostly composed of national medical rescue teams, from different provinces in China. Before the COVID-19 outbreak, 82.64% of the HCWs had already known the proper procedure of wearing masks and other personal protective equipment...

Corticosteroid prevents COVID-19 progression within its therapeutic window: a multicentre, proof-of-concept, observational study

Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Tao Li, Shiji Chan, Yiqi Yu, Jing-Wen Ai, Haocheng Zhang, Feng Sun, Qiran Zhang, Lei Zhu, Lingyun Shao, Bin Xu & Wenhong Zhang
Critically ill patients with coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) are of grave concern. Those patients usually underwent a stage of excessive inflammation before developing acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this study, we test the hypothesis that short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids would benefit patients when used in the early phase of excessive inflammation, namely, the therapeutic window. Among a Shanghai cohort and a validation cohort, we enrolled COVID-19 patients showing marked radiographic progression. Short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids were considered...

A simple electrochemical method for Cd(II) determination in real samples based on carbon nanotubes and metal-organic frameworks

Ling Yu, Jing-Wei Wan, Xian-Zhu Meng, Hui-Wen Gu, Ying Chen & Hong-Chao Yi
The establishment of a simple and effective method for determination of heavy metal ions has great significance due to the high hazard of heavy metal ions to public health and environments. Herein, we developed a facile way to synthesise a nanocomposite comprised of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and explored its application in constructing an electrochemical (EC) sensor for detection of Cd2+ in aqueous solutions. The sensing surface was simply fabricated by casting...

Intra-articular delivery of flurbiprofen sustained release thermogel: improved therapeutic outcome of collagenase II-induced rat knee osteoarthritis

Peinan Li, Haokun Li, Xiaohong Shu, Moli Wu, Jia Liu, Tangna Hao, Hongxia Cui & Lianjie Zheng
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative disease. Intra-articular administration of flurbiprofen is frequently employed in clinic to treat OA, while repeated injections are required because of the limited effective duration. To improve therapeutic outcome and prolong the treatment interval, a poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide) (PCLA–PEG–PCLA) triblock copolymer based flurbiprofen thermosensitive gel for the sustained intra-articular drug delivery was designed in this study. The anti-OA effects of this flurbiprofen thermogel were investigated on collagenase II-induced rat knee...

A promising drug delivery candidate (CS-g-PMDA-CYS-fused gold nanoparticles) for inhibition of multidrug-resistant uropathogenic Serratia marcescens

Ping Shi, Rajendran Amarnath Praphakar, Sadhasivan Deepa, Kannan Suganya, Prashant Gupta, Riaz Ullah, Ahmed Bari, Marudhamuthu Murugan & Mariappan Rajan
Antibiotic resistance amongst microbial pathogens is a mounting serious issue in researchers and physicians. Various alternatives to overcome the multidrug-resistant bacterial infections are under search, and biofilm growth inhibition is one of them. In this investigation, a polymeric drug delivery system loaded with multi-serratial drugs to improve the delivery of drugs against urinary tract infection causative Serratia marcescens. The chitosan grafted pyromellitic dianhydride – cysteine (CS-g-PMDA-CYS) was conjugated with AuNPs by using the –SH group...

Hepatic stellate cell reprogramming via exosome-mediated CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 delivery

Nianan Luo, Jiangbin Li, Yafeng Chen, Yan Xu, Yu Wei, Jianguo Lu & Rui Dong
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a crucial role in the progression of liver fibrosis, which can be considered as the specific therapeutic target of anti-fibrotic treatment. Targeted induction of HSCs to hepatocytes via delivery of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (dCas9) system holds promise for hepatic fibrosis treatment. Our study here revealed that CRISPR/dCas9-VP64 system encapsulated in AML12 cell-derived exosomes could efficiently and successfully be delivered into the HSCs. In turn,...

Epidemiology and clinical course of COVID-19 in Shanghai, China

Yinzhong Shen, Fang Zheng, Danfeng Sun, Yun Ling, Jun Chen, Feng Li, Tao Li, Zhiping Qian, Yuyi Zhang, Qingnian Xu, Li Liu, Qin Huang, Fei Shan, Lie Xu, Jun Wu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhigang Song, Shenyang Li, Yuxin Shi, Jianliang Zhang, Xueyun Wu, Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Tongyu Zhu & Hongzhou Lu
Background: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is prevalent around the world. We aimed to describe epidemiological features and clinical course in Shanghai. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 325 cases admitted at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, between January 20 and February 29, 2020. Results: 47.4% (154/325) had visited Wuhan within 2 weeks of illness onset. 57.2% occurred in 67 clusters; 40% were situated within 53 family clusters. 83.7% developed fever during the disease course. Median times from...

Intra-articular delivery of flurbiprofen sustained release thermogel: improved therapeutic outcome of collagenase II-induced rat knee osteoarthritis

Peinan Li, Haokun Li, Xiaohong Shu, Moli Wu, Jia Liu, Tangna Hao, Hongxia Cui & Lianjie Zheng
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative disease. Intra-articular administration of flurbiprofen is frequently employed in clinic to treat OA, while repeated injections are required because of the limited effective duration. To improve therapeutic outcome and prolong the treatment interval, a poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide)-b-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone-co-lactide) (PCLA–PEG–PCLA) triblock copolymer based flurbiprofen thermosensitive gel for the sustained intra-articular drug delivery was designed in this study. The anti-OA effects of this flurbiprofen thermogel were investigated on collagenase II-induced rat knee...

Identification of a novel bacterial receptor that binds tail tubular proteins and mediates phage infection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Maozhi Hu, Hui Zhang, Dan Gu, Yi Ma & Xiaohui Zhou
The adsorption of phages to hosts is the first step of phage infection. Studies have shown that tailed phages use tail fibres or spikes to recognize bacterial receptors and mediate adsorption. However, whether other phage tail components can also recognize host receptors is unknown. To identify potential receptors, we screened a transposon mutagenesis library of the marine pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus and discovered that a vp0980 mutant (vp0980 encodes a predicted transmembrane protein) could not be...

Identification of a promoter polymorphism affecting GPAT3 gene expression that is likely related to intramuscular fat content in pigs

Cai Ma, Yi Sun, Jiying Wang, Li Kang & Yunliang Jiang
The intramuscular fat content (IMF) is an economically important trait in pigs and the Laiwu pig is famous for its excessively extremely high level of IMF. Our previous transcriptome study revealed that the dynamic expression of glycerol-phosphate acyltransferase 3 (GPAT3) is consistent with changes in the IMF of Laiwu pigs. In this study, we further analyzed the expression and polymorphism of GPAT3 in its promoter region. The results indicated that the expression of GPAT3 increased...

A promising drug delivery candidate (CS-g-PMDA-CYS-fused gold nanoparticles) for inhibition of multidrug-resistant uropathogenic Serratia marcescens

Ping Shi, Rajendran Amarnath Praphakar, Sadhasivan Deepa, Kannan Suganya, Prashant Gupta, Riaz Ullah, Ahmed Bari, Marudhamuthu Murugan & Mariappan Rajan
Antibiotic resistance amongst microbial pathogens is a mounting serious issue in researchers and physicians. Various alternatives to overcome the multidrug-resistant bacterial infections are under search, and biofilm growth inhibition is one of them. In this investigation, a polymeric drug delivery system loaded with multi-serratial drugs to improve the delivery of drugs against urinary tract infection causative Serratia marcescens. The chitosan grafted pyromellitic dianhydride – cysteine (CS-g-PMDA-CYS) was conjugated with AuNPs by using the –SH group...

The activation of antiviral RNA interference not only exists in neural progenitor cells but also in somatic cells in mammals

Yuqiang Zhang, Zhe Li, Zhi Ye, Yan Xu, Binbin Wang, Congcong Wang, Yunpeng Dai, Jinfeng Lu, Boxun Lu, Wanju Zhang & Yang Li
The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway directs an important antiviral immunity mechanism in plants and invertebrates. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that the antiviral RNAi response is also conserved in mammals, at least to five distinct RNA viruses, including Zika virus (ZIKV). ZIKV may preferentially infect neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in the developing foetal brain. Ex vivo ZIKV infection induces RNAi-mediated antiviral response in human NPCs, but not in the more differentiated NPCs or somatic...

The activation of antiviral RNA interference not only exists in neural progenitor cells but also in somatic cells in mammals

Yuqiang Zhang, Zhe Li, Zhi Ye, Yan Xu, Binbin Wang, Congcong Wang, Yunpeng Dai, Jinfeng Lu, Boxun Lu, Wanju Zhang & Yang Li
The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway directs an important antiviral immunity mechanism in plants and invertebrates. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that the antiviral RNAi response is also conserved in mammals, at least to five distinct RNA viruses, including Zika virus (ZIKV). ZIKV may preferentially infect neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in the developing foetal brain. Ex vivo ZIKV infection induces RNAi-mediated antiviral response in human NPCs, but not in the more differentiated NPCs or somatic...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Antecedents of purpose in life: Evidence from a lagged exposure-wide analysis

Ying Chen, Eric S. Kim, Alexandra E. Shields & Tyler J. VanderWeele
Potential antecedents to having a sense of purpose in life remain understudied. As researchers begin contemplating purpose as a promising target of public health intervention, it is critical to identify its antecedents. Using prospective data from the Nurses’ Health Study II (2009–2016; N ranged from 3,905 to 4,189), this study evaluated a wide range of potential antecedents of purpose, including psychosocial well-being, psychological distress, employment characteristics, lifestyle, and physical health factors. In separate regression models,...

Epidemiology and clinical course of COVID-19 in Shanghai, China

Yinzhong Shen, Fang Zheng, Danfeng Sun, Yun Ling, Jun Chen, Feng Li, Tao Li, Zhiping Qian, Yuyi Zhang, Qingnian Xu, Li Liu, Qin Huang, Fei Shan, Lie Xu, Jun Wu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhigang Song, Shenyang Li, Yuxin Shi, Jianliang Zhang, Xueyun Wu, Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Tongyu Zhu & Hongzhou Lu
Background: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is prevalent around the world. We aimed to describe epidemiological features and clinical course in Shanghai. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 325 cases admitted at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, between January 20 and February 29, 2020. Results: 47.4% (154/325) had visited Wuhan within 2 weeks of illness onset. 57.2% occurred in 67 clusters; 40% were situated within 53 family clusters. 83.7% developed fever during the disease course. Median times from...

A simple electrochemical method for Cd(II) determination in real samples based on carbon nanotubes and metal-organic frameworks

Ling Yu, Jing-Wei Wan, Xian-Zhu Meng, Hui-Wen Gu, Ying Chen & Hong-Chao Yi
The establishment of a simple and effective method for determination of heavy metal ions has great significance due to the high hazard of heavy metal ions to public health and environments. Herein, we developed a facile way to synthesise a nanocomposite comprised of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and explored its application in constructing an electrochemical (EC) sensor for detection of Cd2+ in aqueous solutions. The sensing surface was simply fabricated by casting...

Identification of a promoter polymorphism affecting GPAT3 gene expression that is likely related to intramuscular fat content in pigs

Cai Ma, Yi Sun, Jiying Wang, Li Kang & Yunliang Jiang
The intramuscular fat content (IMF) is an economically important trait in pigs and the Laiwu pig is famous for its excessively extremely high level of IMF. Our previous transcriptome study revealed that the dynamic expression of glycerol-phosphate acyltransferase 3 (GPAT3) is consistent with changes in the IMF of Laiwu pigs. In this study, we further analyzed the expression and polymorphism of GPAT3 in its promoter region. The results indicated that the expression of GPAT3 increased...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    24

Resource Types

  • Text
    24

Affiliations

  • Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University
    24
  • Sichuan University
    13
  • Fudan University
    13
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    12
  • Nanjing Medical University
    11
  • Zhejiang University
    10
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    10
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    9
  • Central South University
    8
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    8