586 Works

IDENTIFYING AND PREDICTING INTENTION TO QUIT USING JUUL AMONG EMERGING ADULTS

Jakob Hester
Objectives: (1) Describe intention to quit, (2) identify relationships between sociodemographic factors or social influences and intention to quit, (3) explore if Theory of Planned Behavior-informed constructs can predict intention to quit as well as identify which construct best predicts, and (4) discover if descriptive norms strengthen a predictive model of intention to quit among emerging adults currently using Juul. Participants: Full-time, first-year students currently using Juul, an e-cigarette product, at a large university in...

LEVELS OF FEEDBACK IN PREPARATION FOR A STUDENT-LED CONFERENCING EVENT

According to the literature on student achievement, the classroom teacher and effective feedback are two of the most influential factors that affect students’ performance (Hattie and Timperley, 2007). Teacher feedback is an effective and efficient instructional strategy that can bridge the gap between a student’s actual level of understanding and the level required to become independently successful. There are multiple types and levels of feedback that teachers may employ to support students’ work. It is...

THE ROLE OF FEED ADDITIVES IN MITIGATING THE EFFECT OF STRESSORS ON GROWTH, DIGESTIBILITY, INTESTINAL MORPHOLOGY, PERMEABILITY, AND IMMUNE RESPONSE IN POULTRY

Yemi Burden
Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the interactive effects of dietary supplements in birds exposed to different stressors, on growth performance, nutrient, and energy digestibility, antioxidant status, intestinal permeability, and immune status. The first study was conducted to evaluate the effect of a commercially available algae-based antioxidant, containing Selenium yeast (EconomasE™, EcoE) and two inorganic sodium sources (NaCl and NaCl+NaHCO3) on growth performance, nutrient and energy digestibility and utilization, antioxidant, and immune status of broilers...

Freakish Taxonomies

Megan Pillow
The American freak show, which dominated the entertainment landscape from 1840 to 1940, is considered by some disability studies scholars to be off limits for critical engagement. In Freakish Taxonomies: How the American Freak Show and its Literature Redefine the Archive, I argue that by casting the freak show solely as an exploitative institution, we overlook its capacity to serve as a model for reinterpreting the relationship between literary studies and the archive. By recognizing...

Breaking Habits

Corinne Gressang
This dissertation uses the concept of identity to investigate the ways religious women navigated the French Revolution. Even as their religious identities were thrown into question, these women’s religious commitments remained important to them. As the French revolutionaries began to reform aspects of the ancien régime, the Catholic Church came under attack. The fate of priests, monks, and nuns came into question. Traditionally, religious women cared for orphans, the sick, and the poor, educated young...

Three Essays On Entry Barriers and Incentives in Labor Markets

Samuel Ingram
Occupational choice at the margin depends on both the incentives for entry and barriers to entry. The primary entry barrier determined by regulation is an occupational license. These are government laws determining the minimum qualifications to enter an occupation including education, testing, fees, and background checks. These regulations are currently enforced on 25% of the US labor market. The laws are crafted to protect consumers from unsafe goods and services but also have important consequences...

Holistic Resilience Quantification Framework of Rural Communities

Amanda Melendez
Communities need to prepare for anticipated hazards, adapt to varying conditions, and resist and recover rapidly from disturbances. Protecting the built environment from natural and man-made hazards and understanding the impact of these hazards helps allocate resources efficiently. Recently, an indicator-based and time-dependent approach was developed for defining and measuring the functionality and disaster resilience continuously at the community level. This computational method uses seven dimensions that find qualitative characteristics and transforms them into quantitative...

DIVERSITY AND CROSS-INFECTION POTENTIAL OF COLLETOTRICHUM ON APPLES AND SMALL FRUITS IN KENTUCKY MIXED-FRUIT ORCHARDS

Madison Eaton
Fungi in the genus Colletotrichum cause apple, blueberry, and strawberry fruit rots, which result in significant losses for Kentucky growers. Most orchards in Kentucky are agritourism-focused and grow multiple fruits in close proximity. These mixed-fruit orchards may facilitate Colletotrichum cross-infection, which has serious management implications. Small fruit and apple Colletotrichum isolates from Kentucky orchards were characterized by morphotype, phylogenetic species identification, cross-inoculation, genome sequencing, and telomere fingerprinting. The small fruit isolates grouped into seven morphotypes,...

The Development of a New Instrument Comparing Teacher and Principal Perceptions of School Technology Leadership

Garrick Grace
Use of technology in education is rapidly growing in terms of dollars spent annually. With such enormous expenditures for schools, stewardship of human and capital resources via leadership feels vital. School technology leadership is a specialty area of educational leadership with a focus on how leaders address technology issues within their schools and guide others through successful implementation. As the body of research continues to grow, measurement instruments can assist researchers and practitioners in understanding...

An Exploratory Case Study

Jamie Thompson
The United States Federal Government recognized the importance of parent involvement in the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001. Parent involvement has been associated with lower grade retention rates (student repeating a grade level), higher graduation rates, and higher student achievement rates. Reported obstacles to parent involvement include lack of child development knowledge and time constraints. In early childhood, a major focus has been placed on early literacy skills. However, studies that involve...

EMERALD ASH BORER DEVELOPMENT ACROSS A LATITUDINAL GRADIENT

Sarah Pellecchia
Emerald ash borer, EAB, (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) is an invasive beetle that kills ash trees. It was accidentally introduced from China, and has rapidly expanded across North America, now occupying much of the eastern US. Four classical biocontrol parasitoids have been released to help mitigate its spread and impact: Tetrastichus planipennisi Yang, Spathius agrili Yang, S. galinae Belokobylskij and Strazanac, and Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang. These parasitoids have been deployed throughout EAB’s invaded range,...

Fiscal Year 2013 FHWA-536 Report for the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet

, , &
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) requires state transportation agencies to submit a biennial report on local highway finances. The purpose of these reports is to provide FHWA with the data it needs to capture the financing of highway activities at the local level. Based on this information, it can identify trends in revenue, expenditures, investments, and program development, and in turn make decisions about future investments. The report, FHWA-536, asks agencies to report on four...

Energy Compensation with Exercise is not Dependent on Dose

Background: Exercise induced weight loss is often less than expected due to a coordinated set of compensatory mechanisms that serve to maintain energy homeostasis. The extent to which exercise frequency, duration, intensity and exercise energy expenditure (ExEE) influences the compensatory response to an exercise-induced energy deficit (energy compensation) is controversial. Determining how these variables impact energy compensation would help health care providers prescribe exercise with greater probability of creating a sustained negative energy balance and...

Deep Neural Architectures for End-to-End Relation Extraction

Tung Tran
The rapid pace of scientific and technological advancements has led to a meteoric growth in knowledge, as evidenced by a sharp increase in the number of scholarly publications in recent years. PubMed, for example, archives more than 30 million biomedical articles across various domains and covers a wide range of topics including medicine, pharmacy, biology, and healthcare. Social media and digital journalism have similarly experienced their own accelerated growth in the age of big data....

EPIGENETIC REGULATION OF HORMONE ACTION IN THE RED FLOUR BEETLE, TRIBOLIUM CASTANEUM (HERBST)

Smitha George
Hormones are the chemical communication signaling molecules released into the body fluid to stimulate target cells of multicellular organisms. Two major hormones, ecdysteroids (20-hydroxyecdysone, 20E) and juvenile hormones (JH), regulate a wide variety of physiological and developmental processes in insects. Therefore, hormones have been extensively studied and are attractive targets for the development of target-specific insect control methods. Recent studies suggest that epigenetics adds another layer of regulation to explain multiple functions of the same...

The Impact of Ryegrass on a Fragipan Soil

Keegan Smith
Fragipans are soil horizons which negatively impact row crop yields due to their cemented nature. Annual ryegrass has been proposed as a cover crop to help remediate these dense horizons. The objectives of this study were to (1) evaluate potential ryegrass root exudates and their ability to solubilize proposed fragipan cementing agents, aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and silica (Si) in stirred-batch reactor studies; and (2) evaluate annual ryegrass’ ability to remediate the fragipan through an...

Alternative Thesis Project for Spring 2020 Semester

Elaine Murner
During the Spring 2020 semester, students within the special education program were conducting applied thesis projects within typical contexts as part of their fulfillment of the requirements of a master’s degree program. Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), public schools and related facilities closed with no plans to reopen within the time frame to allow for graduation for students in the last semester of their graduate program. Students were allowed to complete an alternative...

TRAINING FUNCTIONAL COMMUNICATION RESPONSES TO DECREASE CHALLENGING BEHAVIORS AMONG STUDENTS IN AN ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION SETTING

Kaitlin Haggard
This study answered a series of questions related to single case research design and potential use of functional communication-based intervention. It compared and contrasted multiple probe versus multiple baseline single case research designs, finding that multiple probe would be more appropriate to answer the intended research question. This study further analyzed the rigor, quality, and bias of Turton, Umbreit, & Mathur’s (2011) article in which functional communication-based intervention was used to decrease challenging behaviors among...

Host-Parasite Interaction in Horses

Ashley Steuer
Cyathostomins are ubiquitous parasites in equids. In rare cases, cyathostomins lead to a generalized typhlocolitis and death. In healthy horses, local reactions are noted to the mucosal larvae; however, the mechanisms and importance of these reactions have not been elucidated. It has been hypothesized that anthelmintics can alter these reactions. Currently, three drug classes are approved for use in horses against cyathostomins; while all products target the adults, only two products are labeled as larvicidal....

Differential Effects of Criteria for Increasing Delay Intervals in Progressive Time Delay

Kaitlin O'Neill
The purpose of the study was to compare the differential effects of response-independent and response-dependent criteria used to determine when to increase to the next delay interval in the progressive time delay (PTD) procedure. An adapted alternating treatments design was used to evaluate the relative efficiency of two variations of the PTD procedure when teaching expressive word identification to elementary-aged boys with moderate to severe disabilities, language impairments, and reading deficits. The participants’ school was...

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF PEER-MEDIATED INTERVENTIONS AND TOPIC MAINTENANCE FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

Alyssa Colston
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the current literature on the use of peer mediated instruction to address topic maintenance for indiviuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A literature review using the standards recommended by the What Works Clearinghouse was conducted. The studies included in the review met the following criteria: (a) use of SCRD; (b) inclusion of at least one participant with ASD as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Mental Disorders,...

Is Seeing Believing?

Xiao-Yin Chen
Students who feel a greater sense of belonging in college often experience more positive academic outcomes. Social-psychological interventions have been shown to improve students’ sense of belonging. However, few studies have examined the social cognitive mechanisms through which interventions work. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of two such mechanisms—delivery modality and students’ perceived similarity to peer models—on the efficacy of a narrative-based, social belonging intervention. First-year students (N = 1,329)...

AN EXAMINATION OF SINGLE-SEX SECONDARY AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION CLASSROOMS

Brett Wasden
The effectiveness of single-sex classrooms in the United States remains unclear. To address this issue, the purpose of this quasi-experiment was to examine single-sex classrooms in secondary agricultural education classrooms in Kentucky. Data were collected through quantitative pretests and posttests from student participants (n = 168) and teacher participants (n = 8). The findings indicated that student participants in single-sex classrooms had higher academic performance, better attendance, and an increased gain in interest in the...

OPTIMAL SUPPLEMENTAL COVERAGE OPTION CROP INSURANCE DECISION FOR KENTUCKY COMMODITY CROP PRODUCERS

Jerzy Z. Jaromczyk
The 2018 Farm Bill has reopened commodity program enrollment for producers, and thus renewed interest in the Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO) of the Federal Crop Insurance Program (FCIP). This thesis examines the potential risk management benefits afforded to Kentucky corn, soybean and wheat producers by the SCO. A simulation model is used to rank downside-risk minimization of the common Multi-peril Crop Insurance Policies (MPCI) policies both with and without the SCO for various farm-level yield...

PHYSICAL AND OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY FOR YOUNG CHILDREN WITH DELAYED MOTOR DEVELOPMENT

Afnan Gmmash
The literature supports the use of family-centered early intervention(EI) for young children with or at risk for cerebral palsy (CP) to promote the children’s motor development. Young children with or at risk for delayed motor development in their first three years of life are entitled to EI under Part C of The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act. Identifying current EI provided for young children with delayed motor development is essential to detect possible gaps...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    586

Resource Types

  • Text
    586

Affiliations

  • University of Kentucky
    586
  • University of California, San Diego
    4
  • National Institutes of Health
    3
  • University of Alaska Fairbanks
    2
  • Federal Communications Commission
    2
  • National Cancer Institute
    2
  • Duke University
    1
  • University of Montreal
    1
  • University of Louisville
    1
  • University of Colorado Denver
    1