25 Works

CO2 certificates for carbon sequestration in soils: methods, management practices and limitations

Martin Wiesmeier, Stefanie Mayer, Carsten Paul, Katharina Helming, Axel Don, Uwe Franko, Markus Steffens & Ingrid Kögel-Knabner

Omikron: Derfor vækker den nye variant så stor bekymring

Joakim Juhl, Martin Juhl, Jo Beldring Henningsen, Pelle Nilsson, Oliver Alexander & Trine Lisberg Toft-Bertelsen

Ethische Deliberation für agile Softwareprozesse: EDAP-Schema

Niina Zuber, Severin Kacianka, Alexander Pretschner & Julian Nida-Rümelin
Wie trifft man eine ethisch richtige Entscheidung? Aufgrund des zunehmenden Einsatzes von Softwaresystemen in immer mehr gesellschaftlichen Bereichen kommt dieser Frage bei der Entwicklung von Softwaresystemen eine wachsende Bedeutung zu. Ethische Entscheidungen, die sich auch in Algorithmen abbilden, haben durch ihre Anwendung im Maschinellen Lernen oder in autonomen Systemen oft Auswirkungen auf sehr viele Menschen. Es ist daher wichtig, dass Entscheidungen, die das Design der Softwareanwendung bedingen, klar argumentiert und nachvollziehbar sind. Derzeit gibt es...

Map-based Dashboards versus Storytelling Maps

Chenyu Zuo, Linfang Ding, Edyta Paulina Bogucka & Liqiu Meng

Biomarkers in urinary tract infections – which ones are suitable for diagnostics and follow-up?

József Horváth, Björn Wullt, Kurt G. Naber & Béla Köves
Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infections worldwide. Under special circumstances, clinicians must rely on laboratory findings, which might have a weak predicting value, misguiding the practitioners and leading to incorrect diagnosis and overuse of antibiotics. Therefore, there is an urgent need for reliable biomarkers in UTIs. Methods: We performed a literature search for biomarkers used in UTIs from January 1999 until May 2020. We used “urinary tract infection” and...

Die Brücke über die Majrada in Chimtou

Ulrike Hess, Klaus Müller & Mustapha Khanoussi
Simitthus 5

Psychosocial burden of recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections

Kurt G. Naber, José Tirán-Saucedo & Florian M.E. Wagenlehner
Introduction: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are a leading cause of bacterial infections in women. Despite acute treatment, 30–50% of women who have a UTI will experience a recurrence within 6–12 months. In this review, the focus will be on the personal psychosocial impacts of recurrent UTI. Methods: A PubMed/MEDLINE literature search was carried out from 2000 to 2020 in order to identify any recent high-quality meta-analyses or systematic reviews on these topics. Results: One systematic...

Electricity Spot Market Design 2030-2050

Martin Bichler, Hans Ulrich Buhl & Lisa Hanny

Improving user comfort in auditory-steady-state-response brain-computer interface by using a co-adaptive stimulus

Isabelle Hoxha, Fulvia Del Duca, Stefan K. Ehrlich, Florian Bergner, Nicolas Berberich & Gordon Cheng

Usability Test of Map-based Interactive Dashboards Using Eye Movement Data

Chenyu Zuo, Bing Liu, Linfang Ding, Edyta Paulina Bogucka & Liqiu Meng

Lameness detection and scoring

Sadjad Danesh Mesgaran, Juan Haladjian, Stefan Nüske, Dorothée Ledoux, Dave Humphries, Lene Munksgaard & Isabelle Veissier
Enting concluded lameness, from an economic perspective, as the third most costly health disease, following mastitis and reproductive failure issues, in cattle units. Archer estimated the incidence rate of lameness in the United Kingdom cattle herds roughly 50 cases/100 cows in a year; nevertheless, due to poor correlation between incidence rates and records of treatments in farms, the actual number seems to be higher. Surprisingly, the significance of lameness associated with cattle welfare, health and...

Development of the arable vegetation 23 years after conversion from conventional to organic farming – experiences from a farm-scale case studyin southern Germany

Harald Albrecht, Sandra Mademann & Helmut Weikl
Recent meta-analyses assessing the impact of organic farming on plant species diversity showed that positive effects mainly occurred at a small scale while benefits at the farm or landscape level were less pronounced. The studies also detected that common species were more favored by organic farming than rare ones. In a farm scale study in southern Bavaria, Germany, we analyzed how the conversion to organic farming changed arable plant communities over a 23-years period and...

Effects of different restoration treatments on long-term development of plant diversity and functional trait composition in calcareous grasslands

Stefan Hofmann, Timo Conradi, Kathrin Kiehl & Harald Albrecht
Establishment of calcareous grassland on ex-arable fields by introducing target species is one of the most frequently used methods to restore the species assemblages of this highly endangered habitat type. The present study evaluates the long-term success of calcareous grassland restoration on former arable land in the vicinity of one of the oldest nature reserves in Bavaria, the “Garchinger Heide”. The restoration experiment combined different measures like topsoil removal, transfer of freshly cut seed-containing hay...

An Overview of Interfaces for Automated Vehicles (inside/outside) (Deliverable D2.1 in the H2020 MSCA ITN project SHAPE-IT)

Natasha Merat, Yue Yang, Yee Mun Lee, Siri Hegna Berge, Nikol Figalova, Sarang Jokhio, Chen Peng, Naomi Mbelekani, Mohamed Nasser, Amna Pir Muhammad, Wilbert Tabone, Liu Yuan-Cheng, Martin Baumann & Jonas Bärgman

Urinary tract infections in patients with renal insufficiency and dialysis – epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Jürgen E Scherberich, Reinhard Fünfstück & Kurt G. Naber
Epidemiological studies show an increasing number of patients worldwide suffering from chronic kidney diseases (CKD), which are associated with a risk for progression to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). CKD patients stage 2–5, patients with regular chronic dialysis treatment (hemo- or peritoneal dialysis), and patients suffering from kidney allograft dysfunction are at high risk to develop infections, e.g. urinary tract infections (UTI) and/or sepsis (urosepsis). These groups show metabolic disturbance, chronic inflammation, and impaired immunocompetence. Escherichia...

Technoregulierung in China: bayerische Unternehmen im Sozialkreditsystem

Omar Ramon Serrano Oswald, Sandra Selmanovic, Benjamin Lee & Laura Arndt
Seit Einführung des chinesischen Sozialkreditsystems (SKS) in den Jahren 2014–2020 stehen Bedenken darüber im Raum, welche Auswirkungen dieses System auf Unternehmen und Einzelpersonen hat, die in China Handel treiben. In der vorliegenden Studie untersuchen wir den Einfluss des chinesischen Sozialkreditsystems (SKS) auf bayerische Unternehmen. Wir ermitteln, wie große, mittlere, kleine und kleinste, in China aktive bayerische Unternehmen im SKS klassifiziert und bewertet werden. Das öffentlich zugängliche System zielt darauf ab, bestimmte Geschäftsaktivitäten entweder als erwünscht...

Healthcare-associated urinary tract infections in urology

José Medina-Polo, Kurt Georg Naber & Truls Erik Bjerklund Johansen
The purpose of the present review is to report the incidence and characteristics of healthcare-associated urinary tract infections (HAUTIs) in urology with their microbiological and resistance patterns. Urinary tract infections are the main type of healthcare-associated infection in patients hospitalized in a urology ward. Patients admitted to urology departments report a high prevalence of urinary tract catheterization, up to 75% during the hospitalization period, and up to 20% had a urinary catheter before admission. An...

Omikron: Hvad ved vi om spredningen og farligheden?

Joakim Juhl, Martin Juhl, Jo Beldring Henningsen, Pelle Nilsson, Oliver Alexander, Trine Lisberg Toft-Bertelsen, Lars Risbo & Henrik Ryan

Datenportabilität zwischen Online-Diensten

Robert Luzsa, Susanne Mayr, Emmanuel Syrmoudis, Jens Grossklags, Sophie Kübler-Wachendorff & Johann Kranz
Die vorliegende Publikation betrachtet aus psychologischer Perspektive die Anforderungen von Nutzerinnen und Nutzern an das in der Datenschutz-Grundverordnung verankerte Recht auf Datenportabilität, d.h. die Möglichkeit, bei einem Online-Dienst gespeicherte Daten abzurufen und, etwa bei einem Anbieter-Wechsel, zu einem anderen Dienst transferieren zu lassen. Es wird aufgezeigt, wie Datenportabilität das Wechseln zwischen Online-Diensten erleichtern könnte, wie sich daraus Innovationspotentiale ergeben, und wie Portabilitätslösungen gestaltet werden können, um Akzeptanz zu erreichen. Dazu wird zuerst der aktuelle Forschungsstand...

The value of heat interconnection pipelines in the use of deep geothermal energy

Markus Loewer , Maximilian Keim , Anahi Molar-Cruz & Christopher Schifflechner
Over the past fifteen years, Bavaria has become a hotspot for deep geothermal utilization in Europe. There are now 24 plants operating in the Molasse Basin that provide climate-friendly heat, electricity and cooling. For example, the state capital plans to cover its district heating supply in a climate-neutral manner and largely from deep geothermal energy by 2040. However, the use of deep geothermal energy is not limited to Munich. The demand for space heating and...

The impact of subsoil management on the delivery of ecosystem services

Sophie Ittner, Holger Gerdes, Miriam Athmann, Sara Luise Bauke, Martina Gocke, Julien Guigue, Sanjay Jaiswal, Timo Kautz, Oliver Schmittmann, Stefanie Schulz & Sabine Seidel
In recent years, the interest in subsoil has increased, since it can hold immense reservoirs of nutrients, organic matter and water. The subsoil can therefore provide important ecosystem services for the agricultural production system and beyond. This paper assesses the sustainability of two subsoil management measures with regard to the delivery of soil-related ecosystem services: a) the cultivation of deep-rooted pre-crops (biological approach) and b) stripwise mechanical subsoil loosening in combination with the incorporation of...

CO2-Zertifikate für die Festlegung atmosphärischen Kohlenstoffs in Böden: Methoden, Maßnahmen und Grenzen

Martin Wiesmeier, Stefanie Mayer, Carsten Paul, Katharina Helming, Axel Don, Uwe Franko, Markus Franko & Ingrid Kögel-Knabner
Agrarböden besitzen durch den Aufbau von organsicher Bodensubstanz (Humus), die zu etwa 58% aus Kohlenstoff (Corg) besteht, ein großes Potential zur Kohlenstoffbindung. Positive Anstrengungen im Humusmanagement könnten daher einen wesentlichen Beitrag für den Klimaschutz leisten. Für Landwirtinnen und Landwirte stellen so genannte CO2-Zertifikate für den Aufbau von Corg („Humuszertifikate“) einen zusätzlichen Anreiz dar, humusfördernde Bewirtschaftungsmaßnahmen umzusetzen. Diese CO2-Zertifikate werden von privatwirtschaftlichen Initiativen und Unternehmen im Bereich des freiwilligen CO2-Markts vergeben. Insbesondere im Bereich der Landwirtschaft...

Das Dipylon

Gottfried Gruben & Klaus Müller
Kerameikos 22

Methodological Framework for Modelling and Empirical Approaches (Deliverable D1.1 in the EC ITN project SHAPE-IT)

Nikol Figalova, Naomi Mbelekani, Chi Zhang, Yue Yang, Chen Peng, Mohamed Nasser, Liu Yuan-Cheng, Amna Pir Muhammad, Wilbert Tabone, Siri Hegna Berge, Sarang Jokhio, Xiaolin He, Amir Hossein Kalantari, Ali Mohammadi, Xiaomi Yang, Bärgman Jonas & Baumann Martin

Methodological Framework for Modelling and Empirical Approaches (Deliverable D1.1 in the EC ITN project SHAPE-IT)

Nikol Figalova, Naomi Mbelekani, Chi Zhang, Yue Kang, Chen Peng, Mohamed Nasser, Liu Yuan-Cheng, Amna Pir Muhammad, Wilbert Tabone, Siri Hegna Berge, Sarang Jokhio, Xiaolin He, Amir Hossein Kalantari, Ali Mohammadi & Xiaomi Yang

Registration Year

  • 2022
    5
  • 2021
    9
  • 2020
    9
  • 2019
    2

Resource Types

  • Text
    25

Affiliations

  • Technical University of Munich
    21
  • University of Leeds
    3
  • Delft University of Technology
    3
  • University of Ulm
    3
  • Chalmers University of Technology
    3
  • Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
    3
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    2
  • Bavarian Research Institute for Digital Transformation
    2
  • Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut
    2
  • Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research
    2