22 Works

Usage of grey literature in open archives: state of the art and empirical results

Joachim Schopfel & Helene Prost
The purpose of our communication is to present first results from a current research on the development and usage of open archives in France. This study aims to gain empirical insight in usage patterns of freely available scientific items deposited in open archives, especially of non-commercial material, e.g. grey literature, mostly not distributed through other channels. We present a state of the art of published empirical data, standardization, research projects etc., together with a survey...

OpenSIGLE - Crossroads for Libraries, Research and Educational Institutions in the field of Grey Literature

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Christiane Stock, Nathalie Henrot & Joachim Schopfel
This work is based on a paper presented at the Tenth International Conference on Grey Literature (GL10) in which GreyNet’s collections of conference preprints were made accessible via the OpenSIGLE Repository. OpenSIGLE offers a unique distribution channel for European grey literature with roots dating back a quarter century. In the first part of this paper, the experience of INIST as service provider and GreyNet as data provider will be discussed including recent developments. Later in...

Accélérer la communication savante. Le rôle transformateur des prépublications

Andrea Chiarelli, Rob Johnsoni & Emma Richens

Grey communities An empirical study on databases and repositories

Helene Prost & Joachim Schopfel
The paper explores grey communities outside the Grey Literature Network Service (GreyNet) and identifies potential members for GreyNet. GreyNet can be compared to a Learned Society specialised in grey literature as a particular field of library and information sciences (LIS). Its relevance is related to its capacity to enforce the terminology and definition of grey literature in LIS research and publications, and its impact and outreach can be assessed through the proportion of experts dealing...

Grey Literature in an Open Context: From Certainty to New Challenges

Christine Stock & Joachim Schopfel
In 1997 grey literature was defined at Luxembourg as “that which is produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in print and electronic formats, but which is not controlled by commercial publishers”. Distinction between commercial (white), non-commercial (grey) and other (dirty) literature seemed easy. Six years later, the landscape of scientific and technical information has radically changed. What is the place of grey literature between continuous electronic resources, open archives and new...

LARA - Open access to scientific and technical reports

Christiane Stock & Emmanuelle Rocklin
Co-authored together with Emmanuelle Rocklin and Aurélie Cordier. INIST has a longstanding practice of collecting and referencing grey reports. Its collection of 60 000 government funded reports or institutional research papers is made available through traditional document supply. Today reports are a minor issue in French repository projects. That’s why INIST decided to create a national repository for grey reports: LARA - Libre Accès aux RApports scientifiques et techniques. Its aim is to allow direct...

Knowledge Generation in the Field of Grey Literature: A Review of Conference-based Research Results

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Joachim Schopfel & Christiane Stock
Co-authored together with Jerry Frantzen, Joachim Schöpfel, and Christiane Stock. - Perhaps the most cost effective research carried out in information science today is in the field of grey literature. The published proceedings in the GL-Conference Series provide a record of impressive research results in this field of information. These results are based on various and diverse approaches and methodologies, whereby citation data, survey data, systems data, bibliographic and metadata, as well as other evidence...

Grey literature on bilingualism in Belgium

Joachim Schopfel
Because of the town Antwerp host of the GL9 conference and because of our own former scientific experience we selected the field of bilingualism for a study on the importance of grey literature in social sciences and humanities. The study is meant to be an additional contribution to comparable scientometric analyses on the distribution of types of publications in different scientific domains. Bilingualism, the learning and use of two or more languages, is a linguistic,...

MetaGrey Europe, A Proposal in the Aftermath of EAGLE-SIGLE

Joachim Schopfel
In the aftermath of EAGLE, the objective of the MetaGrey Europe project is to organize a new network of European leading organisations for the collection and dissemination of grey research literature, to facilitate the access to European grey literature through a unique web-interface (metasearch engine), to increase its international visibility and to safeguard the former SIGLE records and integrate them in the new network in an OAI-PMH compliant format. The communication describes the project scope,...

From OpenSIGLE to OpenGrey Changes and Continuity

Christiane Stock & Nathalie Henrot
First presented at the GL8 conference in New Orleans 2006 as a prototype, OpenSIGLE went life in December 2007. After three years of existence, the results are beyond all expectations. OpenSIGLE has become a reference source for grey literature, and its user community has grown constantly, especially from outside Europe. The integration of the GL conference preprints into the repository from 2008 onwards not only added research papers on the topic of grey literature to...

Citation Analysis and Grey Literature: Stakeholders in the Grey Circuit

Joachim Schopfel, Christiane Stock, Dominic Farace & Jerry Frantzen
Co-authored together with Christiane Stock, Dominic Farace, and Jerry Frantzen. The goal of this research project is to learn more about the expanding field of information known as ‘grey literature’. Citation analysis allows one the possibility to follow the work of the authors in the GLConference series, as well as authors whom they have cited both in grey and commercial publishing. A further goal of this paper is to examine the value of the GL-...

OpenSIGLE, Home to GreyNet’s Research Community and its Grey Literature Collections: Initial Results and a Project Proposal

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Joachim Schopfel, Christiane Stock & Nathalie Henrot
Paper co-authored together with Frantzen J., Stock C., Henrot N., & Schöpfel, J. For the past 16 years, GreyNet has sought to serve researchers and authors in the field of grey literature. To further this end, GreyNet has signed on to the OpenSIGLE repository and in so doing seeks to preserve and make openly available research results originating in the International Conference Series on Grey Literature. GreyNet together with colleagues at INISTCNRS have designed the...

Linking full-text grey literature to underlying research and post-publication data: An Enhanced Publications Project 2011-2012

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Christiane Stock, Laurents Sesink & Debbie Rabina
This project seeks to circumvent the data vs. documents camp in the grey literature community by way of a middle ground provided through enhanced publications. Enhanced publications allow for a fuller understanding of the process in which data and information are used and applied in the generation of knowledge. The enhanced publication of grey literature precludes the idea of a random selection of data and information, and instead focuses on the human intervention in data-rich...

Grey literature in French Digital Repositories: A Survey

Joachim Schopfel & Christian Stock
The impact of open archives on the availability and selection of scientific and technical information is growing. Yet, there is little empirical evidence on the deposit and processing of grey literature in digital repositories. The purpose of this communication is to provide a survey on grey literature in French open archives, e.g. institutional and subject-based digital repositories. The survey is based on a selection of 56 representative French digital repositories. The different archives are selected...

From SIGLE to OpenSIGLE and beyond: An in-depth look at Resource Migration in European Context

Christiane Stock, Joachim Schopfel & Nathalie Henrot
Co-authored together with Christiane Stock and Nathalie Henrot. - In 1980, some major European scientific information centres established the “System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe” (SIGLE) to provide access to European grey literature and to improve bibliographic coverage. August 23, 2006, the Luxemburg Register of Commerce and Societies published the liquidation of the association EAGLE that produced the SIGLE database until 2005. Nevertheless, the former EAGLE member consented to preserve the European co-operation...

Faute d'adopter les principes du numérique, adieu à l'accès ouvert et longue vie à la crise des publications !

Toby Green

An innovative concept to disseminate scientific communications

Sylvie Grésillaud
Different information elements compose a congress: before it, a program is available. During a conference, we follow the speech of the orator, some slides and sometimes a text which is published in the detailed program. After the congress, we can read or see the intervention by consulting the conference proceeding or the web site when it exist. On this site we could find the intervention video and slides. But it is not easy to reach...

Access and Document Supply: a comparative study of grey literature

Chérifa Boukacem-Zeghmouri & Joachim Schopfel
The report addresses the different aspects of the accessibility and dissemination of grey literature in the digital age where the de-materialization of documents has led to a new paradigm that has superseded the intrinsic characteristics of printed material. Based on the added value of grey literature for academic institutions, the report attempts to provide an analysis of the ongoing transformations, especially concerning the way in which research and development in the area of grey literature...

How to get a French doctoral thesis, especially when you aren’t French

Pierrette Chanourdie Paillassard, Joachim Schopfel & Christiane Stock
In 1985 the French government created a unique circuit for the dissemination of doctoral theses: References went to a national database “Téléthèses” whereas the documents were distributed to the university libraries in microform. In the era of the electronic document this French network of deposit of and access to doctoral theses is changing. How do you discover and locate a French thesis today, how do you get hold of a paper copy and how do...

Open Is Not Enough: Grey Literature in Institutional Repositories

Joachim Schopfel, Isabelle Le Bescond & Helene Prost
The paper contributes to the discussion on the place of grey literature in institutional repositories and, vice versa, on the relevance of open archives for grey literature. Even in an open environment, grey literature needs specific attention and curation. Institutional repositories don’t automatically provide a solution to all problems of grey literature. Our paper shows some scenarios of what could or should be done. The focus is on academic libraries. The paper is based on...

Open access to full text and ETDs in Europe: improving accessibility through the choice of language?

Christiane Stock
Next to journal articles and eprints electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) are the most frequent document type found in open archives, for various reasons: ETDs are a well defined and well referenced document type. Rules for deposit and citation are generally established on a national level, and international standards exist for specific information and theses metadata, contrary to other grey documents. ETDs are administrative documents, and students can be “obliged” to deposit their work in...

Grey Literature: A Pilot Course constructed and implemented via Distance Education

Dominic Farace, Jerry Frantzen, Joachim Schopfel & Christiane Stock
Co-authored together with J. Frantzen, J. Schöpfel, and C. Stock: Over the past years, training courses, guest lectures, seminars and workshops have been organized by information professionals on the topic of grey literature. Most of these endeavours have undoubtedly had some impact on this field of information, however difficult it would be to measure. Many of these course lectures were given within existing programs and may have only been one-time offerings. At the Eighth International...

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Text


  • Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
  • GreyNet International
  • University of Lille
  • Pratt Institute
  • Data Archiving and Networked Services
  • Catholic University of Lyon