24 Works

Juan José Arreola y su estética del zigzag

Sara Poot Herrera
pp. 77-90 The work of Juan José Arreola, taken as a whole, represents a fluid and continuous coming and going between life and literature, reality and fiction. It is a back and forth trip, a zig zag between official and popular culture, literary genres, orality and writing, because Arreola is above all a thinker and a man of culture through multiple facets that accompanied him throughout his career: essayist, narrator, chronicler, biographer, philologist, teacher, actor,...

Indonesia makes progress towards zero palm oil deforestation

Robert Heilmayr & Jason Benedict
Indonesian deforestation for palm oil has declined significantly, with the greatest falls occurring in supply chains governed by zero-deforestation commitments. However, rising palm oil prices and the growing role of traders who have lower levels of public transparency threaten to undermine progress.

Supplementary methods, tables, figures, and equations from Changes in invertebrate food web structure between high- and low-productivity environments are driven by intermediate but not top-predator diet shifts

Ana Miller-ter Kuile, Austen Apigo, An Bui, Kirsten Butner, Jasmine N. Childress, Stephanie Copeland, Bartholomew P. DiFiore, Elizabeth S. Forbes, Maggie Klope, Carina I. Motta, Devyn Orr, Katherine A. Plummer, Daniel L. Preston & Hillary S. Young
Predator–prey interactions shape ecosystem stability and are influenced by changes in ecosystem productivity. However, because multiple biotic and abiotic drivers shape the trophic responses of predators to productivity, we often observe patterns, but not mechanisms, by which productivity drives food web structure. One way to capture mechanisms shaping trophic responses is to quantify trophic interactions among multiple trophic groups and by using complementary metrics of trophic ecology. In this study, we combine two diet-tracing methods:...

Additional file 1 of Modeling the metabolic evolution of mixotrophic phytoplankton in response to rising ocean surface temperatures

Logan M. Gonzalez, Stephen R. Proulx & Holly V. Moeller
Additional file 1: Provides additional figures and analytical results for equations used in this study.

印度尼西亚的棕榈油零毁林行动取得新进展

Robert Heilmayr & Jason Benedict
印度尼西亚的棕榈油生产相关毁林已显著减少,其中遵守零毁林承诺的供应链表现尤为突出。然而,由于棕榈油价格持续上涨,透明度较低的贸易商数量不断增加,毁林情况可能会加剧,导致前功尽弃。

Conceptual, anthropological and cognitive issues surrounding religious experience. An interview with Ann Taves.

Ann Taves, Martin Fortier & Maddalena Canna
Cognitive Sciences of Religion scholar Ann Taves is the proponent of a ground-breaking building block approach (BBA) to religious experience. According to Taves, religious experience can be disaggregated into fundamental, constitutive components. Philosopher Martin Fortier and anthropologist Maddalena Canna explore the conceptual, anthropological and cognitive aspects of the foundations of religion, as disaggregated by Taves. In her analyses of the cognitive underpinnings of religion, Taves adopts a Predictive Coding Framework (PCF). The compatibility between PCF...

Distance decay relationships in foliar fungal endophytes are driven by rare taxa

Ryoko Oono, Emilie Lefevre & Anna Rasmussen
Foliar fungal endophytes represent a diverse and species-rich plant microbiome. Their biogeography provides essential clues to their cryptic relationship with hosts and the environment in which they disperse. We present species composition, diversity, and dispersal patterns of endophytic fungi associated with needles of Pinus taeda trees across regional scales in the absence of strong environmental gradients as well as within individual trees. An empirical designation of rare and abundant taxa enlightens us on the structure...

Structural insights of the conserved “priming loop” of hepatitis B virus pre-genomic RNA

Regan M. LeBlanc, Wojciech K. Kasprzak, Andrew P. Longhini, Lukasz T. Olenginski, Fardokht Abulwerdi, Stefano Ginocchio, Brigit Shields, Julie Nyman, Maryia Svirydava, Claudia Del Vecchio, Joseph Ivanic, John S. Schneekloth, Bruce A. Shapiro, Theodore Kwaku Dayie & Stuart F. J. Le Grice
Initiation of protein-primed (-) strand DNA synthesis in hepatitis B virus (HBV) requires interaction of the viral polymerase with a cis-acting regulatory signal, designated epsilon (ε), located at the 5′-end of its pre-genomic RNA (pgRNA). Binding of polymerase to ε is also necessary for pgRNA encapsidation. While the mechanistic basis of this interaction remains elusive, mutagenesis studies suggest its internal 6-nt “priming loop” provides an important structural contribution. ε might therefore be considered a promising...

Additional file 1 of A haplotype-resolved genome assembly of the Nile rat facilitates exploration of the genetic basis of diabetes

Huishi Toh, Chentao Yang, Giulio Formenti, Kalpana Raja, Lily Yan, Alan Tracey, William Chow, Kerstin Howe, Lucie A. Bergeron, Guojie Zhang, Bettina Haase, Jacquelyn Mountcastle, Olivier Fedrigo, John Fogg, Bogdan Kirilenko, Chetan Munegowda, Michael Hiller, Aashish Jain, Daisuke Kihara, Arang Rhie, Adam M. Phillippy, Scott A. Swanson, Peng Jiang, Dennis O. Clegg, Erich D. Jarvis … & Yury V. Bukhman
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Venn diagram of gene lists linked to type 2 diabetes by different types of evidence. Figure S2. Heterozygosity inferred by comparing the paternal and maternal scaffolded contigs, shown on the paternal scaffolds. Figure S3. Length distributions of structural variants. Figure S4. Functional classification of duplicated genes. Figure S5. Sequence alignment of Nile rat Gckr proteins to 113 mammalian orthologs. Figure S6. Missing Nile rat Hadh gene present in alternate haplotype...

Boulder City, Nevada revenue generating analysis

Mayra A. Castro, Dolores P. Leyva, Arnetta M. Meagher & Wade Zimmerman
Boulder City (City) is unique in the State of Nevada as being a non-gaming city, maintaining a controlled growth ordinance, and steadfastly holding to its "small town" values and character. The City has been facing budgetary challenges as future expenditures are anticipated to continually exceed revenues if current services levels are maintained. Indeed, fiscal reviews indicate the City has been transferring contingency monies between funds to cover overages for the past several fiscal years. This...

Amelogenesis and tribosphenic molars: patterns and variation.

Ivan Horacek , Pavla Hanouskova & Anna Kallistova
(1) University of California, Santa Barbara, CA (UCSB) Department of Zoology, Charles University, Vinicna 7, Cz 128 44 Prague, Czech Republic; (2) University of California, Santa Barbara, CA (UCSB), USA

The tribosphenic molar presents phylotypic stage of the mammalian dental evolution. A study of its enamel microarchitecture in several clades (Chiroptera, Afrosoricida, Eulipotyphla, Didelphomorhia, Cetartiodactyla) revealed, apart of considerable taxon-specific variation, a set of structural (i-iii) and developmental (iv-x) characteristics common to all: (i)...

It’s Time to Make Your Data Count!

Daniella Lowenberg, Amber Budden & Patricia Cruse
One year into our Sloan funded Make Data Count project, we are proud to release Version 1 of standardized data usage and citation metrics! As a community that values research data it is important for us to have a standard and fair way to compare metrics...

Regulatory Requirements of Banks and Arbitrage in the Post-Crisis Federal Funds Market

Rod Garratt & SOFIA PRIAZHKINA
This paper explains the nature of interest rates in the U.S. federal funds market after the 2007- 09 financial crisis. We build a model of the over-the-counter lending market that incorporates new aspects of the financial system: abundance of liquidity, different regulatory standards for banks, and arbitrage opportunities created by limited access to the facility granting interest on excess reserves. The model determines the equilibrium federal funds rate as a function of the policy rates...

From the Field to the Laboratory: The Theory-Practice Research of Peter J. Carnevale

Linda Putnam, Mara Olekalns, Donald Conlon & Carsten De Dreu

Which Bank is the \"Central\" Bank? An Application of Markov Theory to the Canadian Large Value Transfer System

Morten Bech, James Chapman & Rod Garrat
We use a method similar to Google's PageRank procedure to rank banks in the Canadian Large Value Transfer System (LVTS). Along the way we obtain estimates of the payment processing speeds for the individual banks. These differences in processing speeds are essential for explaining why observed daily distributions of liquidity differ from the initial distributions, which are determined by the credit limits selected by banks.

Structural insights of the conserved “priming loop” of hepatitis B virus pre-genomic RNA

Regan M. LeBlanc, Wojciech K. Kasprzak, Andrew P. Longhini, Lukasz T. Olenginski, Fardokht Abulwerdi, Stefano Ginocchio, Brigit Shields, Julie Nyman, Maryia Svirydava, Claudia Del Vecchio, Joseph Ivanic, John S. Schneekloth, Bruce A. Shapiro, Theodore Kwaku Dayie & Stuart F. J. Le Grice
Initiation of protein-primed (-) strand DNA synthesis in hepatitis B virus (HBV) requires interaction of the viral polymerase with a cis-acting regulatory signal, designated epsilon (ε), located at the 5′-end of its pre-genomic RNA (pgRNA). Binding of polymerase to ε is also necessary for pgRNA encapsidation. While the mechanistic basis of this interaction remains elusive, mutagenesis studies suggest its internal 6-nt “priming loop” provides an important structural contribution. ε might therefore be considered a promising...

Estimating Policy Functions in Payments Systems Using Reinforcement Learning

Pablo S. Castro, Ajit Desai, Han Du, Rodney Garratt & Francisco Rivadeneyra
We demonstrate the ability of reinforcement learning techniques to estimate the best-response functions of banks participating in high-value payments systems—a real-world strategic game of incomplete information.

Multilingual BERT, Ergativity, and Grammatical Subjecthood

Isabel Papadimitriou, Ethan A. Chi, Richard Futrell & Kyle Mahowald

Additional file 1 of A haplotype-resolved genome assembly of the Nile rat facilitates exploration of the genetic basis of diabetes

Huishi Toh, Chentao Yang, Giulio Formenti, Kalpana Raja, Lily Yan, Alan Tracey, William Chow, Kerstin Howe, Lucie A. Bergeron, Guojie Zhang, Bettina Haase, Jacquelyn Mountcastle, Olivier Fedrigo, John Fogg, Bogdan Kirilenko, Chetan Munegowda, Michael Hiller, Aashish Jain, Daisuke Kihara, Arang Rhie, Adam M. Phillippy, Scott A. Swanson, Peng Jiang, Dennis O. Clegg, Erich D. Jarvis … & Yury V. Bukhman
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Venn diagram of gene lists linked to type 2 diabetes by different types of evidence. Figure S2. Heterozygosity inferred by comparing the paternal and maternal scaffolded contigs, shown on the paternal scaffolds. Figure S3. Length distributions of structural variants. Figure S4. Functional classification of duplicated genes. Figure S5. Sequence alignment of Nile rat Gckr proteins to 113 mammalian orthologs. Figure S6. Missing Nile rat Hadh gene present in alternate haplotype...

Additional file 1 of Modeling the metabolic evolution of mixotrophic phytoplankton in response to rising ocean surface temperatures

Logan M. Gonzalez, Stephen R. Proulx & Holly V. Moeller
Additional file 1: Provides additional figures and analytical results for equations used in this study.

Supplementary methods, tables, figures, and equations from Changes in invertebrate food web structure between high- and low-productivity environments are driven by intermediate but not top-predator diet shifts

Ana Miller-ter Kuile, Austen Apigo, An Bui, Kirsten Butner, Jasmine N. Childress, Stephanie Copeland, Bartholomew P. DiFiore, Elizabeth S. Forbes, Maggie Klope, Carina I. Motta, Devyn Orr, Katherine A. Plummer, Daniel L. Preston & Hillary S. Young
Predator–prey interactions shape ecosystem stability and are influenced by changes in ecosystem productivity. However, because multiple biotic and abiotic drivers shape the trophic responses of predators to productivity, we often observe patterns, but not mechanisms, by which productivity drives food web structure. One way to capture mechanisms shaping trophic responses is to quantify trophic interactions among multiple trophic groups and by using complementary metrics of trophic ecology. In this study, we combine two diet-tracing methods:...

Supplementary methods, tables, figures, and equations from Changes in invertebrate food Web structure between high- and low-productivity environments are driven by intermediate but not top-predator diet shifts

Ana Miller-ter Kuile, Austen Apigo, An Bui, Kirsten Butner, Jasmine N. Childress, Stephanie Copeland, Bartholomew P. DiFiore, Elizabeth S. Forbes, Maggie Klope, Carina I. Motta, Devyn Orr, Katherine A. Plummer, Daniel L. Preston & Hillary S. Young
Predator–prey interactions shape ecosystem stability and are influenced by changes in ecosystem productivity. However, because multiple biotic and abiotic drivers shape the trophic responses of predators to productivity, we often observe patterns, but not mechanisms, by which productivity drives food Web structure. One way to capture mechanisms shaping trophic response is to quantify trophic interactions among multiple trophic groups and by using complementary metrics of trophic ecology. In this study, we combine two diet-tracing methods:...

Determination and dietary exposure assessment of 79 pesticide residues in Chinese onion (Allium fistulosum L.)

Nengming Chu, Xiao Shu, Xia Meng, Xuemei Zhang, Junying Yang & Biquan Li
Chinese onion is a common vegetable in daily diet, especially in Southwest China. We collected 184 samples from farm and market in Chongqing Municipality during 2020–2021 and established a multi-residue method for analysis of 79 pesticide residues on Chinese onion. Sixty-three of 184 samples were found pesticide resdues, accounting for 34.2%. A total of 31 pesticides were detected, and 6 pesticides in 11 samples have exceeded the Chinese MRLs, 5.98% of all samples. The chronic...

Determination and dietary exposure assessment of 79 pesticide residues in Chinese onion (Allium fistulosum L.)

Nengming Chu, Xiao Shu, Xia Meng, Xuemei Zhang, Junying Yang & Biquan Li
Chinese onion is a common vegetable in daily diet, especially in Southwest China. We collected 184 samples from farm and market in Chongqing Municipality during 2020–2021 and established a multi-residue method for analysis of 79 pesticide residues on Chinese onion. Sixty-three of 184 samples were found pesticide resdues, accounting for 34.2%. A total of 31 pesticides were detected, and 6 pesticides in 11 samples have exceeded the Chinese MRLs, 5.98% of all samples. The chronic...

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