37 Works

Interpreting borehole data with machine learning: A pilot rtudy

Robert Buxton, Donal Krouse, Cecile Massiot & Mark J. F. Lawrence
Classifying and interpreting multi-sensor geophysical borehole (wireline) data is normally undertaken manually by a geologist and is extremely resource intensive, both in terms of skilled people and time. Machine learning techniques have been applied to wireline data overseas; however, those techniques are not necessarily directly applicable to New Zealand sedimentary rocks and little investigation has been done in geothermal settings. This pilot study aims to investigate machine learning algorithms and approaches to allow the automated...

New Zealand Fault-Rupture Depth Model v1.0: a provisional estimate of the maximum depth of seismic rupture on New Zealand’s active faults

Susan M. Ellis, Stephen Bannister, Russ J. Van Dissen, Donna Eberhart-Phillips, Caroline Holden, Carolyn Boulton, Martin E. Reyners, Robert H. Funnell, Nick Mortimer & Phaedra Upton
This report presents a new and provisional estimate of the maximum depth of rupture on New Zealand’s active faults (“New Zealand Fault-Rupture Depth Model v1.0”) based on a combination of two independent models. The first model uses regional seismicity distribution from a relocated earthquake catalogue to calculate the 90% seismicity cut-off depth (D90) representing the seismogenic depth limit H. This is multiplied by an overshoot factor representing dynamic propagation of rupture into the conditional stability...

Review of global practice on data capture tools development, applications and limitations

Sheng-Lin Lin
Rapid and profound changes in the technology used for data acquisition, computing and information management provides a framework that has the potential to allow communities to consider acquiring, analysing and managing data in new ways. Improving the collection and management of data, immediately in post-disaster response and reconnaissance and in long-term impact assessments, is central to enabling knowledge of such events to be used and applied to improve community resilience to future disasters. This report...

Geology of the Hyde-Macraes Shear Zone and Waihemo Fault Zone area, northeastern Otago

Adam P. Martin, Belinda Smith Lyttle, A. H. Allibone, H. Blakemore, Simon C. Cox, D. Craw, S. Doyle, Richard L. Kellett, D. J. MacKenzie, Nick Mortimer, T. Ritchie & Tusar R. Sahoo
Geology of the Hyde-Macraes Shear Zone and Waihemo Fault Zone Area is a new 1:50 000 scale geological map of northeastern Otago. The >3000 km2 map area includes the trans-crustal Waihemo Fault Zone, the economically significant Hyde-Macraes Shear Zone in the Otago Schist and the western edge of the Canterbury Basin. The map area is two-thirds onshore and one-third offshore, amalgamated into a seamless geological map (sheet 1) with legend and cross-sections (sheet 2). The...

An updated set of tsunami action maps for Kermadec earthquakes

Aditya R. Gusman, David R. Burbidge & William L. Power
In previous work Gusman et al. (2019) created a new tsunami scenario database containing Tsunami Threat Forecast maps of New Zealand for tsunamis caused by earthquakes around the Pacific Ocean, including the Kermadec subduction zone. The purpose of the database is to rapidly provide a Threat Forecast Map when an earthquake similar to one in the database occurs. The Threat Forecast Maps provide a threat estimate expected in each coastal region around New Zealand from...

Geologic, earthquake and tsunami modelling of the active Cape Egmont Fault Zone

Hannu Seebeck, Glenn P Thrasher, G. P. D. Viskovic, Clarrie Macklin, Suzanne Bull, Xiaoming Wang, Caroline Holden, Yoshihiro Kaneko, V Mouslopoulou & John G. Begg
The Cape Egmont Fault Zone in the southern Taranaki Basin, New Zealand, is a complex series of synthetic and antithetic dip-slip normal faults accommodating present-day extension. The fault zone comprises new and reactivated faults developed over multiple phases of plate boundary deformation during the last 100 Myrs. The fault zone is well imaged on petroleum industry seismic reflection data, with a number of faults exposed and studied onshore. The Cape Egmont Fault Zone is seismically...

Revised stratigraphic framework for the Pliocene to Holocene sedimentary deposits of the Auckland area

David J. A. Barrell, Kyle J. Bland, Matthew P. Hill & Julie M. Lee
Existing terminology for the relatively young and weak sedimentary geological formations of the Auckland area has limited utility for geological and geotechnical classification, because there is considerable variety in their material content. A revised stratigraphic naming framework has been developed for the Pliocene to Holocene sedimentary strata of the Auckland area, in consultation with Auckland geological and geotechnical practitioners. Sedimentary strata previously identified as Tauranga Group and/or its constituent Puketoka Formation in the Auckland area...

Landslides caused by the March 2019 West Coast storm, South Island, New Zealand

Matthew Wride & Saskia J. de Vilder
During the week of 25–31 March 2019, the West Coast of the South Island experienced an intense rainstorm. The rain was widespread, extending from Haast to Hokitika, with the highest intensity of rainfall recorded in the range front south of Hokitika. The March 2019 storm resulted in a record amount of rainfall recorded over a 48-hour period in the Cropp River Catchment. The result of this extreme rainfall event was widespread flooding and landslides, including...

Landslides and debris flows in the Tasman District caused by ex-Tropical Cyclone Gita, 20-21 February, 2018

Brenda J. Rosser, Jon M. Carey, Katie E. Jones, Dougal B. Townsend & J. F. Crouch
Ex-Tropical Cyclone Gita hit New Zealand on 20–21 February 2018, bringing heavy rain and high winds to much of the country. The heaviest rainfall occurred in the Tasman District where more than 230 mm of rain fell in 18 hours triggering extensive shallow landslides and debris flows. The Takaka Hill Road was closed by 16 slips, which impacted the road for the following year. The most intense rainfall (78 mm/hr) occurred over a 3-hour period...

Geological model of South Dunedin

Phil J. Glassey, David J. Barrell, Belinda Smith-Lyttle, S Hornblow & B Mackay
The South Dunedin suburb of Dunedin city lies on a coastal plain, which was a salt marsh prior to urban development, that began in 1840. Now one of the more densely populated areas in New Zealand, South Dunedin is within 2 m of current sea level, has groundwater close to the surface and is vulnerable to flood hazards that are expected to be worsened by sea-level rise. In addition, soft sediments that underlie much of...

SLIDE (Wellington): seismic profiling of Camrose Grove, Wellington

Zane R. Bruce & Hamish Cameron
This report represents an aspect of the ground truthing methods used to confirm the geomorphic mapping carried out as part of the Stability of Land In Dynamic Environments (SLIDE) project within the Wellington Region. A simple hammer plate seismic survey was completed in Camrose Grove, Kingston, Wellington, on an area of fill identified from historical records of US Marine Corps construction in Camrose Grove during WW2. The purpose of the survey is to confirm the...

West Coast groundwater dynamics and hydrochemical evolution as inferred from regional water age and chemistry tracer data

Magali Moreau, Uwe Morgenstern, Rob W. van der Raaij & J. Horrox
This study aims to holistically describe the flow sources, pathways and lag times of water through the rivers and aquifers of the West Coast catchments. This information is required to ground truth and improve groundwater flow models and management tools. Such improvements will help to prevent degradation of rivers and aquifers from land-use activities that impact on cultural, recreational and economical values, as well as on drinking water supplies and quality. This study is mainly...

ACE Programme – Critical Incident Leadership course learner guide

Hana Craig & Scott Kelly
The seventh batch (2021 intake) of the AHA Centre Executive (ACE) Programme are undertaking the programme online. The Critical Incident Leadership course is one component of the ACE Programme and is facilitated by GNS Science. To deliver the course online, GNS Science will utilise iQualify and Zoom platforms. This document forms a Learner Guide for participants, and sets out the following: Course requirements; Activities needing to be completed before commencing the course; Logging into iQualify,...

Thermal properties of Matahina Ignimbrite

L. McGovern, Fiona Sanders, Michael D. Rosenberg, Anya M. Seward, Isabelle Chambefort & Rob H. Funnell
Thermal properties of a 140 m section of the Matahina Formation ignimbrite were determined from a rock core drilled near Rotorua, New Zealand. For this project, thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity and specific heat capacity were determined using the divided-bar method in order to investigate interrelationships with density/porosity and lithological variation throughout the unit. Thermal conductivity ranged from 0.25 to 1.44 W/(m.K) for dry samples and 1.06 to 2.18 W/(m.K) for water-saturated samples. Specific heat capacity...

Hikurangi Ocean Bottom Investigation of Tremor and Slow Slip (HOBITSS VI, TAN1907)

Laura M. Wallace &
HOBITSS VI was a 12-day (29 October – 9 November 2019) Wellington to Wellington R/V Tangaroa voyage (TAN1907). Objectives of TAN1907 were to undertake seafloor geodetic and seismic instrument deployments, recoveries and surveys offshore of the Gisborne, Hawke’s Bay and Wairarapa coasts. The seafloor geodetic aims involve using Bottom Pressure Recorders (BPRs) to determine the cm-level vertical movement (upward or downward) of the seafloor during slow-slip events (SSEs), as well as to deploy a Wave...

Household relocation and recovery following the 2017 Edgecumbe flooding: results of a survey

Finn R. Scheele, Lucy H. Kaiser & Ryan Paulik
In April 2017, the Rangitāiki River breached a stopbank, resulting in widespread flooding within the town of Edgecumbe, Bay of Plenty. The evacuation of the town and damage to homes led to major disruption for residents. The relocation of households, both temporary and permanent, had long-lasting effects on the community. A questionnaire to gather residents’ experiences during the event and subsequent recovery was hand-delivered to residential addresses in Edgecumbe in November 2020. Topics included housing...

February 2020 Southland flooding evacuation and response: Results of a survey

Lucy H. Kaiser, Finn R. Scheele, Sally H. Potter, Maureen A. Coomer & Joshua Stewart
In February 2020, the communities of Gore, Mataura and Wyndham in Southland, Aotearoa New Zealand, were impacted by a significant flood event, leading to a mandatory evacuation of the community and numerous flooded properties. A survey of the communities of Gore, Mataura and Wyndham was conducted in July 2020 to gather residents’ perspectives and experiences during the flooding event and ensuing evacuation. Topics included risk perception, weather and flood warnings, evacuation, impacts and demographics. Of...

Modelling fire following earthquake for multiple scenarios affecting Wellington City

Finn R. Scheele, Biljana Lukovic, Jose Moratalla, Alexandre Dunant & Nick A. Horspool
Fires are a common secondary hazard following earthquakes and, on rare occasions, can develop into major events with severe consequences. Wellington City has many characteristics that make it susceptible to fire following earthquake (FFE), including the potential for conflagrations and significant losses (e.g. property, infrastructure and casualties). Through the ‘It’s Our Fault’ (IOF) research programme, we are revisiting FFE modelling for Wellington City, building on the previous models developed by Cousins et al. (2002). Previous...

Clyde Dam seismic hazard reassessment, phase 3: seismic hazard analysis

Mark W. Stirling, Nicola J. Litchfield, David A. Rhoades, Graeme H. McVerry & Russ J. Van Dissen

Earthquake-Induced Landscape Dynamics (EILD) end-user and stakeholder tools engagement plan

Philip J. Glassey & Wendy S. A. Saunders
The 14 November 2016 MW 7.8 Kaikōura Earthquake generated thousands of landslides, hundreds of significant landslide dams and damaged hillslopes that are now susceptible to failure during rainstorms and aftershocks. This debris, when further mobilised, will create new hazards, including further landslides, dams, rapid aggradation and formation of alluvial fans and floodplains, and increased river channel instability as the debris cascades from hillslope to sea. These hazards can persist for decades, requiring active management by...

Cascading hazard and risk framework for Hikurangi Flagship project

David R. Burbidge, Alex Dunant, Jose Moratalla, Vinod K. Sadashiva, S. R. Uma & Annemarie Christophersen

Evacuation time estimates for local source tsunami for Porirua and Kapiti suburbs

David W. Heron, Biljana Lukovic, Xiaoming Wang & William L. Power
Porirua and the Kapiti Coast are in an active earthquake region. Both areas sit above the Hikurangi Subduction Interface and are cut by or close to a number of major local faults (e.g. the Fisherman Fault, Manaota Fault, Mascarin Fault, Ohariu Fault, Okupe Fault, Onepoto Fault, offshore Rangitikei Fault and Wairau Fault). Modelling of the tsunami generated by these local major faults was completed as a separate piece of research and for the scenarios undertaken,...

CSEM, TOPAS and Echo Sounder survey of the Southern Hikurangi Margin 1st – 13th November: RV Tangaroa TAN2012 voyage report

Peter Kannberg, Karsten F. Kroeger, Ingo A. Pecher, Chris Armerding, Jake Perez, Suzi Woelz, Chris Ray, Roz King, Laurenz Boettger, Francesco Turco & Tayla Hill
The TAN2012 voyage took place between the 1st and 13th of November 2020 aboard RV Tangaroa. Controlled source electromagnetic (CSEM) data, multibeam bathymetry, single beam echo sounder, water column and TOPAS sub-bottom profile data were collected at the southern end of the Hikurangi subduction margin. CSEM profiles were collected along existing regional 2D reflection seismic lines to characterise and quantify gas and gas hydrate accumulations in the sub-seafloor. Multibeam bathymetry and water column data, as...

New Zealand ShakeOut 2018: tabulated results of a school survey

E. S. Lambie, Julia S. Becker & Maureen A. Coomer
The New Zealand-wide ShakeOut earthquake drills are part of the National CDEM (Civil Defence Emergency Management) Exercise Programme organised and promoted by the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management (MCDEM). Individuals and groups are encouraged to sign up to ShakeOut online at (www.shakeout.govt.nz) and, on a selected date, practice appropriate actions in response to a potential earthquake (i.e., ‘Drop, Cover and Hold’). Participants are also encouraged to undertake other emergency response planning and exercising,...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    37

Resource Types

  • Text
    37

Affiliations

  • GNS Science
    37
  • Victoria University of Wellington
    2
  • National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research
    2
  • University of Otago
    1
  • University of Hawaii at Manoa
    1
  • Callaghan Innovation
    1
  • University of Auckland
    1
  • Massey University
    1