796 Works

Replication of Palmer & Ghose (2008, PS)

Rebecca Saxe, Natalia Vélez & William Johnston

Hands-on lecture series

Or Graur, Clara Sousa-Silva & Daniel Yahalomi
Syllabi for hands-on astronomy activities aimed at high-school juniors and seniors

Speech-accompanying gestures are not processed by the language-processing mechanisms

Olessia Jouravlev, David Zheng, Zuzanna Balewski, Alvince Le Arnz Pongos, Zena Levan, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Evelina Fedorenko & Benjamin Lipkin

Causative-inchoative fMRI

Jayden Ziegler, Miriam Hauptman, Jesse Snedeker & Evelina Fedorenko
Following up on Frankland and Greene (2015) investigating the neural instantiation of thematic roles.

There’s more to “sparkle” than meets the eye: Knowledge of vision and light verbs among sighted and congenitally blind individuals.

Marina Bedny, Jorie Koster-Hale, Giulia Elli, Lindsay Yazzolino & Rebecca Saxe
We examined the contribution of first-person sensory experience to concepts by studying the meanings of “visual” verbs in congenitally blind adults. Congenitally blind individuals (n=25) and aged-matched sighted controls (n=22) judged the semantic similarity for pairs of verbs (n=2041) referring to events of visual perception (e.g. "to peek”) and light emission (e.g. "to shimmer"). As control conditions, we included verbs of touch perception (“to feel”) and amodal knowledge acquisition (“to perceive”) as well as sound...

207.3 Open the museum’s gates to pirates: Hacking for the sake of digital art preservation.

Daniel Heiss, Morgane Stricot & Matthieu Vlaminck
Third-party software dependency is a big threat for digital art- works. In this paper, we describe our experiences with artworks such as Remote Control by Shane Cooper or net.art generator by Cornelia Sollfrank. ZKM | Center for Art and Media initiated differ- ent research projects addressing the controversial issues of crack- ing abandoned proprietary software or hacking an API to guaran- tee access to its digital art collection. We show that using crowd- sourcing efforts...

208.1 Creating a holdings format profile and format matrix for risk-based digital preservation planning at the national archives and records administration.

Leslie Johnston
One of the greatest challenge for any archive is the multiplicity of file formats, some of which may be decades old. For the United States National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), with several decades of history accessioning and managing electronic records, this is compounded. NARA required a methodology to analyze and visualize what it has in its holdings in order to understand risk, and elected to undertake a file format profile and risk analysis of...

401.2 Revamping the \"Difficult (Potentially)\" but \"Mostly Good\" and \"Pretty Smooth\" Removable Media Workflow at the Bentley Historical Library

Max Eckard & Alexa Hagen
Archivists at the University of Michigan Bentley Historical Library recently concluded a project to review and initiate improvements to our five-year-old workflow for transferring born-digital archival materials from removable media to a more suitable preservation environment. This “revamp” proceeded in three phases: 1) a review of our current capture and transfer to backlog procedures, which included the process of gathering feedback on the workflow and associated documentation from Bentley archivists; 2) researching contemporary archives and...

402.2 PDF Mayhem: Is Broken Really Broken?

Heikki Helin, Kimmo Koivunen, Johan Kylander & Juha Lehtonen
In this paper, we focus on the quality of PDF files. We are interested in errors that validators report during the validation process: how accurate are these errors and can we build easy workarounds to avoid or even fix these problems? We present our findings from a pilot experiment where we validated more than 200,000 PDF files from well-known corpora with different validators and found several thousand problematic files. We then devised a process of...

204.4 Identifiers for Digital Objects: The case of software source code preservation.

Roberto Di Cosmo, Morane Gruenpeter & Stefano Zacchiroli
In the very broad scope addressed by digital preservation initiatives, a special place belongs to the scientific and technical artifacts that we need to properly archive to enable scientific reproducibility. For these artifacts we need identifiers that are not only unique and persistent, but also support integrity in an intrinsic way. They must provide strong guarantees that the object denoted by a given identifier will always be the same, without relying on third parties and...

304.2 Using blockchain to engender trust in public digital archives

Mark Bell, Alan Brown, Tu Bui, John Collomosse, Jamie Fawcett, Alex Green, John Sheridan, Jeni Tennison & Olivier Thereaux
Archives are special – the homes of our collective memories. Although the archive is still widely perceived as a trusted custodian, archivists are aware that they are working in a world in which digital content is increasingly questioned. Is the archive trusted because of its people and practices or because of the sheer practical impossibility of altering or manipulating kilometres of physical records? What is the digital equivalent? The emerging challenge around trust is particularly...

305.2 PREMIS 3 OWL Ontology: Engaging sets of linked data -- Award Winner: Best Short Paper

Charles Blair, Lina Bountouri, Bertrand Caron, Esmé Cowles, Angela Di Iorio, Rebecca Guenther, Evelyn McLellan & Elizabeth Roke
The PREMIS 3.0 Ontology Working Group recognized the need for the preservation community to be able to use Semantic Web tech- nology to leverage systems managing the long-term preservation of digital holdings. Driven by the main principle of adherence to the PREMIS Data Dictionary, and a set of well-established Linked Data principles, the draft release of the PREMIS 3 OWL ontology comes after two years of conceptualization, discussion and experi- mentation. The release of the...

309.2 ARK is in the Air: ARKs Trending in the French-speaking Area and the BnF’s Role in the ARK Story

Bertrand Caron, Jordan de La Houssaye, Thomas Ledoux, Sébastien Peyrard, Stéphane Reecht & Jean-Philippe Tramoni
Recent years have been marked by growing adoption of Archival Resource Key (ARK) identifiers in France and in French-speaking countries, growing reliance on National Library of France (BnF) ARKs for data dissemination and growing demand for data permanence from the BnF community – the French libraries. The BnF has acknowledged these changes through renewed efforts in education, communication, and development of good practices. This progress report describes the recent upsurge of interest in ARKs, the...

310.1 The Network Electronic Archiving Concept for Organizing Digital Preservation for Small Archives

Kathrine Johansen & Kim Nørøxe
This paper presents details about a network organization that enables small public archives in Denmark to do professional digital preservation that both lives up to established best practices and is economically feasible. The Network Electronic Archiving (NEA) is built around extensive collaboration and sharing with archival infrastructure and expert staff at its core. To demonstrate how NEA works in practice, this paper includes the case of one of the small public archives that implement NEA...

310.3 Earning trust: A case of digital preservation at two private archives

Robert Gillesse & Marcel Ras
In this paper a comparison is made between two private Dutch archives (Het Nieuwe Instituut and International Institute of Social History) and how they collect and preserve born digital collections. In dealing with archival donors, preservation policies and IT implementations they have as much in common as they differ from each other. For instance, gaining the trust of the archival donors in the archival policies of the institute is a top priority for both organizations....

208.2 The Rescue of the Danish Bits - A case study of the rescue of bits and how the digital preservation community supported. -- Award winner: Best Long Paper

Eld Zierau
The aim of this paper is to illustrate how vulnerable bit preservation is, regardless of how well prepared you think you are, and hopefully to inspire other institutions that may face similar challenges at some point. At the same time, this paper illustrates the importance of research in digital preservation and the need for conferences like iPRES to enable communication about relevant practical experiences and research results. The paper includes an illustrative story about how...

Deferring Agency at End-of-Life: The Role of Information and Advance Directives

Allyson Root
PIs: Allyson Root, Callie Scott, Joseph Health, and Ben Handel. Abstract: We propose to pilot a randomized evaluation of strategies to facilitate advance directive completion in the 65+ patient population of our partner, Providence St. Joseph Health. Despite the significant economic and personal implications of end-of-life health care decisions, many people fail to document their wishes or to select a representative who can make medical decisions on their behalf. Descriptive evidence suggests that this results...

203.1 Implications of perceived preservation levels.

Marco Klindt
This paper describes and explores the concept of perceived preservation levels and their implications. Perceived preservation levels are a way to communicate preservation policies, options and actions to the various stakeholders in digital preservation a digital preservation system is capable and able of. While explicitly assigned or stated preservation levels are promises to adhere to a certain set of policies and decisions, it may be hard to impossible for a best effort preservation service to...


Nancy McGovern

Procedural learning and statistical learning in individuals with dyslexia

Ola Ozernov-Palchik & Zhenghan Qi

Taking Action to Reduce Waste: Quantifying Impacts of Model Use in a Multiorganizational Sustainability Negotiation

Ellen Czaika & Noelle Selin

Feature licensing and the number interpretation of bare nominals in Wolof

Suzana Fong

Every ambiguity isn't syntactic in nature: Testing the Rational Speech Act model of scope ambiguity

Sherry Yong Chen & Bob van Tiel

What kinds of inferences do toddlers make about winners and losers of resource conflicts?

William Adams, Ashley Thomas, Lotte Thomsen & Elizabeth Spelke
Past studies have indicated that by toddlerhood, children can use a wide range of status cues to predict the outcome of future zero-sum conflicts. Toddlers are additionally sensitive to prestige vs dominance status, expecting different behaviours from low-status others depending on whether status is maintained by consensual precedence or by physical coercion. However, it is also important to understand how status cues affect toddlers' social evaluations of others. In a previous series of studies, toddlers...

An empirical testbed for models of information seeking in infants

Gal Raz, Anjie Cao, Michael Frank & Rebecca Saxe
The overarching goal of this project is to test the model of infant looking proposed by Hunter & Ames (1988). In particular, we aim 1) to empirically reproduce the characteristics described in the literature on infant looking (habituation effects, dishabituation effects and familiarity preferences), 2) to give a normative account of why these behaviors would arise using a computational model and 3) to test this model by comparing its predictions to infant looking data from...

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