1,384 Works

A comparative study on the in vitro and in vivo antitumor efficacy of icaritin and hydrous icaritin nanorods

Haowen Li, Yijing Li, Hui Ao, Jingxin Fu, Yifei Guo, Meihua Han, Xueying Yan, Xi Chen & Xiangtao Wang
Icaritin (ICT) and hydrous icaritin (HICT) are two similar flavonoids compounds isolated from Epimedium Genus. This is the first comparative study on their in vitro and in vivo antitumor effects. Nanorods (NRs) were prepared for ICT and HICT by anti-solvent precipitation method using D-alpha tocopherol acid polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) as a stabilizer. The prepared ICT-NRs and HICT-NRs had similar diameter (155.5 nm and 201.7 nm), high drug loading content (43.30 ± 0.22% and 41.08...

A new functionalized reduced graphene oxide adsorbent for removing heavy metal ions in water via coordination and ion exchange

Chao-Zhi Zhang, Bin Chen, Yuan Bai & Jing Xie
Heavy metal ion pollution has become a serious problem. In this paper, a new type of adsorbent, reduced graphene oxide grafted by 4-sulfophenylazo groups (RGOS), was synthesized to adsorb heavy metal ions in an aqueous solution via two kinds of adsorption modes, ion exchange and coordination. The maximum adsorption capacities of the RGOS for Pb(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) were 689, 59, 66, 267 and 191 mg/g, respectively. Adsorption equilibrium time of RGOS for...

Comprehensive analysis of lncRNA expression profiles in cytopathic biotype BVDV-infected MDBK cells provides an insight into biological contexts of host–BVDV interactions

Xuwen Gao, Chao Niu, Zhuo Wang, Shuo Jia, Meijing Han, Yingying Ma, Xueting Guan, Li Wang, Xinyuan Qiao & Yigang Xu
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is the causative agent of bovine viral diarrhea-mucosal disease, which significantly affects the production performance of cattle, causing serious economic losses to the cattle industries worldwide. Up to now, some mechanisms involved in host–BVDV interaction are still not fully understood. The discovery of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has provided a new perspective on gene regulation in diverse biological contexts, particularly in viral infection and host immune responses. However, little is...

Microbial profiling identifies potential key drivers in gastric cancer patients

Yonghong Li, Jia Wang, Mengge Wang, Yongshun Gao, Cheng-Yun Jin, Xiaojing Shi, Boyang Ji, Yongjun Wei & Hongmin Liu
Gastric cancer (GC) is the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. Microbiota is believed to be associated with GC. Growing evidences showed Helicobacter pylori played a key role in GC development. However, little was known about the microbiota in gastric juices and tissues in GC patients, and thus it was difficult to understand other potential microbial causation for GC. Here, we collected the gastric juice...

Upregulated HMGB1 levels in maternal–fetal interface of patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion from different sources

Jing Wang, Damin Zhu, Jiaqian Yin, Cong Ma, Xiaoqing Peng, Huijuan Zou, Yunxia Cao & Xiaofeng Xu
To investigate the expression and sources of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein in the maternal–fetal interface of patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA), and further to verify the role of HMGB1 in the etiology of URSA. 55 women at early pregnancy with URSA and 55 women undergoing selective termination of normal early pregnancy as control were included. The abortion tissues including villi and decidua were collected. The expression of HMGB1, CD45, CK7,...

Tumor-targeted Gd-doped mesoporous Fe3O4 nanoparticles for T1/T2 MR imaging guided synergistic cancer therapy

Shaohui Zheng, Shang Jin, Min Jiao, Wenjun Wang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Jie Xu, Yong Wang, Peipei Dou, Zhen Jin, Changyu Wu, Jingjing Li, Xinting Ge & Kai Xu
In this study, a novel intelligent nanoplatform to integrate multiple imaging and therapeutic functions for targeted cancer theranostics. The nanoplatform, DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs, was constructed Gd-doped mesoporous Fe3O4 nanoparticles following with the doxorubicin (DOX) loading in the mesopores of the NPs. The DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs exhibited good properties in colloidal dispersity, photothermal conversion, NIR triggered drug release, and high T1/T2 relaxicity rate (r1=9.64 mM−1s−1, r2= 177.71 mM−1s−1). Benefiting from the high MR contrast, DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs enabled simultaneous...

The safety and tolerability of alkaloids from Alstonia scholaris leaves in healthy Chinese volunteers: a single-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase I clinical trial

Zhong-Ping Gou, Yun-Li Zhao, Lin-Ling Zou, Ying Wang, Shi-Qing Shu, Xiao-Hong Zhu, Li Zheng, Qi Shen, Zhu Luo, Jia Miao, Yong-Sheng Wang, Xiao-Dong Luo & Ping Feng
Capsule of alkaloids from the leaf of Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br. (Apocynaceae) (CALAS) is a new investigational botanical drug (No. 2011L01436) for bronchitis, post-infectious cough and asthma. To observe the clinical safety and tolerability of CALAS. Subjects were assigned to eight cohorts, and each received randomly CALAS or placebo in one of single ascending dose (SAD) of 8, 40, 120, 240, 360, 480, or in one of multiple ascending dose (MAD) of 40 or 120...

Air-assisted liquid-liquid micro-extraction based on the solidification of a floating organic droplet for the determination of three strobilurin fungicides in water samples

Huihui Wang, Yue Wang, Xu Jing, Zhenjia Chen & Xiaowen Wang
A simple, fast, air-assisted liquid-liquid micro-extraction technique using the solidification of a floating organic droplet method was developed for the extraction of three strobilurin fungicides in water samples before analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). In this method, a low-density solvent (1-dodecanol) was used as the extraction solvent. Fine extraction solvent droplets were rapidly formed and dispersed into the water samples through air-pumping by syringe rather than an organic...

Circular RNA circ_0001162 promotes cell proliferation and invasion of glioma via the miR-936/ERBB4 axis

Dexiang Zhou, Xiaofeng Lin, Peng Wang, Yong Yang, Jiantao Zheng & Dong Zhou
The biological modulatory roles of many circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been validated in glioma. The current study was designed to research the functional mechanism of circ_0001162 in glioma progression. The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used for assaying the levels of circ_0001162 and microRNA-936 (miR-936). Cell proliferation and colony formation abilities were evaluated via 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and colony formation assay, respectively. Transwell assay was applied to assess cell migration...

Circular RNA circ_0001162 promotes cell proliferation and invasion of glioma via the miR-936/ERBB4 axis

Dexiang Zhou, Xiaofeng Lin, Peng Wang, Yong Yang, Jiantao Zheng & Dong Zhou
The biological modulatory roles of many circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been validated in glioma. The current study was designed to research the functional mechanism of circ_0001162 in glioma progression. The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used for assaying the levels of circ_0001162 and microRNA-936 (miR-936). Cell proliferation and colony formation abilities were evaluated via 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and colony formation assay, respectively. Transwell assay was applied to assess cell migration...

Angiopoietin-like protein 8, molecular cloning and regulating lipid accumulation in goat intramuscular preadipocytes

Wei Huang, Yaqiu Lin, Hua Xiang, Jiangjiang Zhu & Yong Wang
This study aimed to clone the full-length open reading frame (ORF) of goat ANGPTL8 gene sequence, reveal its molecular and expression characteristics, and explore its effect on the differentiation of goat intramuscular preadipocytes. The full-length ORF sequence of goat ANGPTL8 gene was cloned by RT-PCR technology, and bioinformatics analysis was performed by related biological software. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of ANGPTL8 mRNA in goat tissues. Further use of RNA interference to study...

High-flow nasal cannula versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure for respiratory support in preterm infants: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Hui Hong, Xiao-xia Li, Jing Li & Zhi-qun Zhang
Background: As a noninvasive respiratory support mode, high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is widely used in preterm infants at neonatal care units. HFNC is often used as an alternative to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for initial or post-extubation respiratory support. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of HFNC and NCPAP for respiratory support in preterm infants. Methods: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library,...

Extraction and characterization of a functional protein from Millettia speciosa Champ. leaf

Si-Yuan Luo, Zhi Huang, Xi Chen, Min-Hua Zong & Wen-Yong Lou
Natural plant-derived protein with excellent bioactivities has attracted much attention so a functional protein with molecular weight of 15.2 kDa was extracted from Millettia speciosa Champ. leaf for the first time. Under the pH of 12.0, solid-liquid ratio of 1:40 (w/v), extraction time of 2.0 h, and extraction temperature of 50 °C, the highest extracting efficiency (79.25 ± 0.78%) of the Millettia speciosa Champ. leaf protein (MLP) was achieved. The main structure of MLP contained...

Air-assisted liquid-liquid micro-extraction based on the solidification of a floating organic droplet for the determination of three strobilurin fungicides in water samples

Huihui Wang, Yue Wang, Xu Jing, Zhenjia Chen & Xiaowen Wang
A simple, fast, air-assisted liquid-liquid micro-extraction technique using the solidification of a floating organic droplet method was developed for the extraction of three strobilurin fungicides in water samples before analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD). In this method, a low-density solvent (1-dodecanol) was used as the extraction solvent. Fine extraction solvent droplets were rapidly formed and dispersed into the water samples through air-pumping by syringe rather than an organic...

Dendrobine-type alkaloids from Dendrobium nobile

Mao-Sheng Zhang, Lang Linghu, Gang Wang, Yu-Qi He, Cheng-Xin Sun & Shi-Ji Xiao
Six dendrobine-type alkaloids were isolated from the tubes of Dendrobium nobile by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatography, and preparative HPLC. Compound 1 is a new alkaloid containing a pair of amide tautomers, whereas compound 2 is a new dendrobine-type alkaloid. By using spectroscopic techniques including 1 D and 2 D NMR, the structures of compounds 1‒6 were identified as N-methoxylcarbonyldendrobine (1), dendronboic acid (2), dendrobine (3), 6-hydroxyldendrobine (4), dendrobine N-oxide (5), and denrine...

Heterologous expression and enzymatic identification of two novel soluble pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenases from Acidobacteria bacterium KBS 146 and Nocardia jiangxiensis

Zhengyu Cao, Rui Meng, Peng Wang & Guoping Zhu
Soluble pyridine nucleotide transhydrogenase (STH), catalyzes a reversible hydrogen transfer between NADH and NADPH, is widely utilized in cofactor engineering. In the present study, we expanded the distribution range of STH to more unreported bacteria. Meanwhile, STH was mainly found in α, γ, δ-proteobacteria, acidobacteria, actinobacteria and planctomycetes. The enzymological properties of two novel STHs from Acidobacteria bacterium KBS 146 (AbSTH) and Nocardia jiangxiensis (NjSTH) were characterized. The optimum temperature and pH of AbSTH and...

Long non-coding RNA LOC107985656 represses the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells through activation of the tumor-suppressive Hippo pathway

Yu Zeng, Qin Xu & Nan Xu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important regulatory roles in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the function of LOC107985656 in HCC progression remains unclear. The lncRNA, mRNA and miRNA levels in HCC tissues or cells were measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The proliferation of cancer cells was evaluated using 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) viability and colony formation assays. Bioinformatics prediction, dual luciferase assay and RNA pull-down assay were performed to analyze the relationships between...

Comparison of different pretreatment methods on phosphorus release and recovery as struvite from excess sludge

Dexiu Hu, Cong Zhang & Yan Zhang
Recovering phosphorus (P) from excess sludge of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) has attracted considerable attention. An efficient P release method is undoubtedly critical for a satisfactory recovery performance. In this study, the effectiveness of three sludge pretreatment methods, i.e. anaerobic digestion (AD), EDTA-anaerobic digestion (EA) and ultrasound combined with EA (U-EA), on P release and struvite recovery from excess sludge was investigated. The results showed that different pretreatment methods resulted in the different characteristics of...

Comparison of different pretreatment methods on phosphorus release and recovery as struvite from excess sludge

Dexiu Hu, Cong Zhang & Yan Zhang
Recovering phosphorus (P) from excess sludge of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) has attracted considerable attention. An efficient P release method is undoubtedly critical for a satisfactory recovery performance. In this study, the effectiveness of three sludge pretreatment methods, i.e. anaerobic digestion (AD), EDTA-anaerobic digestion (EA) and ultrasound combined with EA (U-EA), on P release and struvite recovery from excess sludge was investigated. The results showed that different pretreatment methods resulted in the different characteristics of...

Study on longitudinal dynamics of heavy haul trains running on long and steep downhills

Wentao Liu, Shuai Su, Tao Tang & Yuan Cao
This paper investigates the longitudinal dynamics performance of the combined heavy haul trains, especially for the cyclic air braking strategy on the long and steep downhill segments. Firstly, the mathematical models for calculating the longitudinal forces in the longitudinal train dynamics simulations are formulated. The brake delay time between neighbouring cars and the pressure variation of the brake cylinders in the braking and releasing processes are considered in the air braking force model. Besides, the...

A metal tolerance protein, MTP10, is required for the calcium and magnesium homeostasis in Arabidopsis

Haiman Ge, Qiaolin Shao, Jinlin Chen, Jiahong Chen, Xueqin Li, Yu Tan, Wenzhi Lan, Lei Yang & Yuan Wang
Nutrient antagonism typically refers to the fact that too high a concentration of one nutrient inhibits the absorption of another nutrient. In plants, Ca2+ (Calcium) and Mg2+ (Magnesium) are the two most abundant divalent cations, which are known to have antagonistic interactions. Hence, maintaining their homeostasis is crucial for plant growth and development. In this study, we showed that MTP10 (Metal Tolerance Protein 10) is an important regulator for maintaining homeostasis of Mg and Ca...

A prognostic nomogram for intrahepatic progression-free survival in patients with colorectal liver metastases after ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation

Si Qin, Huabin Hu, Rui Cui, Jing Lin, Yiming Liu, Yimin Wang, Yao Chen & Guangjian Liu
The present study identified predictors of intrahepatic progression-free survival (ihPFS) after ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) for colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) and developed a nomogram to predict ihPFS. From January 2013 to December 2018, a total of 314 patients (224 men and 90 women; mean age, 57.1 ± 11.8 years; range, 23–86 years) with 645 CRLMs (mean diameter, 16.6 ± 6.5 mm; range, 6.0–45.0 mm) treated with US-guided percutaneous MWA were included and analyzed....

AFAP1 antisense RNA 1 promotes retinoblastoma progression by sponging microRNA miR-545-3p that targets G protein subunit beta 1

Wenting Tang, Li Zhang, Jing Li & Yu Guan
The oncogenic role of actin filament-associated protein 1 antisense RNA 1 (AFAP1-AS1) has been reported in retinoblastoma (RB). However, the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this study, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting were performed to analyze the expression of AFAP1-AS1, microRNA miR-545-3p, or G protein subunit beta 1 (GNB1). Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell migration assays were used to detect cell proliferation and migration. In addition, caspase-3 activity...

Angiogenesis and anti-leukaemia activity of novel indole derivatives as potent colchicine binding site inhibitors

Yongfang Yao, Tao Huang, Yuyang Wang, Longfei Wang, Siqi Feng, Weyland Cheng, Longhua Yang & Yongtao Duan
The screened compound DYT-1 from our in-house library was taken as a lead (inhibiting tubulin polymerisation: IC50=25.6 µM, anti-angiogenesis in Zebrafish: IC50=38.4 µM, anti-proliferation against K562 and Jurkat: IC50=6.2 and 7.9 µM, respectively). Further investigation of medicinal chemistry conditions yielded compound 29e (inhibiting tubulin polymerisation: IC50=4.8 µM and anti-angiogenesis in Zebrafish: IC50=3.6 µM) based on tubulin and zebrafish assays, which displayed noteworthily nanomolar potency against a variety of leukaemia cell lines (IC50= 0.09–1.22 µM), especially...

Implementation of novel boolean logic gates for IMPLICATION and XOR functions using riboregulators

Chaoxin Chen, Qi Wu, Qingying Ke, Ting Wang, Yifan Zhang, Feiwen Wei, Xiaolong Wang & Guanglei Liu
To date, several different types of synthetic genetic switches, including riboregulators, riboswitches, and toehold switches, have been developed to construct AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, and NOT IMPLICATION (NIMP) gates. The logic gate can integrate multiple input signals following a set of algorithms and generate a response only if strictly defined conditions are met. However, there are still some logic gates that have not been implemented but are necessary to build complex genetic circuits. Here,...

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