1,760 Works

Systemic Analysis of the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) In Regulating Terrorist Content on Social Media Ecosystem Using Functional Dependency Network Analysis (FDNA)

Alaina Roman & C. Ariel Pinto
This research is a systemic analysis of emerging risks to the use Artificial Intelligence (AI) in regulating terrorist content on social media ecosystems using Functional Dependency Network Analysis (FDNA), a proven system-design-and-analysis tool). The research has three phases: 1) framing the problem by identifying and describing AI ecosystem elements as intended, implied and explicit objectives, discernible attributes, and performance indictors; 2) describing the idealized problem-solved scenario, which includes detailing ‘success’ states of the ecosystem; and...

Topical Review of Vulnerability Management for Local Hampton Roads Industry

Gregory W. Hubbard Jr & Matthew Eunice
The progress towards an interconnected digital world offers an exciting level of advancement for humanity. Unfortunately, this “online” connection is not safe from the threats and dangers typically associated with physical operations. With the foundation of Cyber Command of DoD cyberspace, the United States Government is taking a prominent stance in cyberspace operations. Like the federal government, both industries and individuals are not immune and are oftentimes unknowingly at risk to cyberattack. This report hopes...

A Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Identity Development and Harmful Alcohol Use within a Racially/Ethnically Diverse Sample

Richie A. Kubilus & Alan Meca
The development of a clear sense of identity is a key developmental task in adolescence, and recent studies have found that identity synthesis and confusion are associated negatively and positively, respectively, to alcohol use. One alcohol expectancy - tension reduction - coincides with the hypothesis that identity development may prove to be a stressful developmental process, and may thereby serve as a motivator for adolescents to drink when a belief exists that stress can be...

Absurdist Sci-Fi Humor: Comparable Attitudes Regarding Absurdism in Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy and Rick and Morty

Rene L. Candelaria
Absurdism is a default thought of cosmic meaninglessness that society is continuously trying to solve to avoid depression and live with some ascribed meaning. Two parody science fiction series, Hitchikers’s Guide to the Galaxy and Rick and Morty, display similar outlooks on the answer to this social phenomenon. Both series explore the possible answers offered by religion, science, and philosophy as well as the inevitable failings of the three. Ultimately, both series agree that our...

Introduction: Nursing Research Project Posters

Jamela Martin & Janice Evans Hawkins
Nursing 363, Principles of Practice: Research as Foundation for Practice, is a required course in the undergraduate nursing curriculum at Old Dominion University. This course, offered every spring, focuses on the theories and concepts utilized in the scientific investigation of nursing practice. Students are introduced to scientific inquiry in nursing which forms the basis for nursing practice and theory. To meet course requirements, student groups create professional scientific research posters of their research proposal projects....

Exosomes in Transmission and Blocking of Arthropod-Borne Flaviviral Infection and Pathogenesis

Wenshuo Zhou
Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) are human illnesses that are transmitted by vectors such as ticks, mosquitoes, and fleas. These arthropods transmit infectious pathogens such as viruses, protozoa, and bacteria, to humans during their blood-feeding. According to the estimation of the WHO, billions of people are affected by VBDs worldwide, and about 700,000 deaths are reported annually. Currently, very few reliable VBDs control approaches and vaccines available to treat various VBDs. Additionally, approaches to control arthropod’ proliferation...

Predicting the Likelihood of Dating Violence Perpetration in a Sample of Women: Unidirectional Versus Bidirectional Violence

Elaine Mae Murphy
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious, pervasive problem affecting over 30% of young adults. Although early research focused on men as perpetrators, it is commonly found that women are just as likely, if not more likely, to perpetrate violence in relationships. Some studies have categorized violent couple dyads into unidirectional (perpetration only) or bidirectional violence (reporting both perpetration and victimization). The current study identified predictors of the two types of violent profiles, specifically among...

Role of Ixodes scapularis Sphingomyelinase-Like Protein (IsSMase) in Tick Pathogen Interactions

Pravesh Regmi
Arthropod-borne diseases are one of the major concerns throughout the world. Ixodes scapularis (hard tick) is one of the major vectors that is involved in arthropod-borne disease transmission. Langat virus (LGTV) is a model pathogen that is very similar to other medically important flaviviruses such as Tick-Borne Encephalitis virus (TBEV) and Powassan virus (POWV). Sphingomyelinase-like protein (IsSMase, a Sphingomyelinase D or SMase D, a venomous protein ortholog of spiders) is an enzyme present in ticks...

Using the Question-Answer Relationship Strategy to Improve Listening Comprehension in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorde

Lisa A. Phalen
A well-established research base indicates that many children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience deficits in reading comprehension skills. There is currently limited research which examines the relation between the communication and language impairments in ASD and emergent literacy skills in early childhood. Listening comprehension has been identified as one emergent literacy skill closely linked to reading comprehension development. The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of the question-answer relationship strategy...

Students at a Crossroads: TA Development Across Pedagogical and Curricular Contexts

Cassandra Ann Book
A longstanding question in rhetoric and composition has been how to best educate composition graduate Teaching Assistants (TAs). Although many assume that writing centers are useful spaces for TAs to practice pedagogy and learn about writing processes in preparation for classroom teaching, recent scholarship complicates the claim that transfer from writing centers and/or practicums into composition classrooms is straightforward. Moreover, no study fully considers how the role of the writing center and teaching writing in...

Trajectory Simulation With Battery Modeling for Electric Powered Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Ege Konuk
Fixed wing electric powered unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has been widely adopted for the last decade in a great number of applications. One of the primary advantages to fixed wing versus multi-rotor designs is the efficiency in forward flight with best possible range and endurance capabilities. In electrically powered air vehicles range and endurance are monitored by the State-of-Charge (SOC) of the battery. To understand the capabilities of the battery, discharge experiments can be conducted...

Diet Analysis of Stranded Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Virginia

Kristen Marie Volker
This study describes the diet of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) stranded in Virginia via stomach content analysis and considers factors such as proportion of numerical abundance and reconstructed mass, frequency of occurrence, average reconstructed prey size, prey diversity and quantity, and otolith degradation code. Fish size was estimated via regression equations established from local fish collected during the study that derive wet weight directly from otolith length or width. Squid size is estimated from previously...

Titian’s Poesie: The Visual Allegories of Morality and Religion

Holli M. Turner
Venetian painter Tiziano Vecellio, more commonly referred to as Titian, created a cycle of mythological paintings based on scenes from Ovid’s Metamorphoses for King Philip II of Spain. These works are often viewed through an eroticized lens due to this inclusion of nude mortals and goddesses. This thesis argues for the cycle’s moral and religious significance for Philip by utilizing comparative iconography, scholarly texts, and translated allegorical material.

Effects of Religion on Crime in Hampton Roads

Alaina Yvonne Bierdz
The influence of religion in society has been debated for hundreds of years. Renowned scholars like Max Weber and Émile Durkheim formed frameworks in which to study the relationship between religion and crime. The frameworks are based on the idea that religion promotes desirable behavior in society, while also controlling undesirable behavior. Although religion can be studied across many disciplines, this report examines the relationship between religion and crime. More specifically, the impact of religion...

Bootstrapping Web Archive Collections From Micro-Collections in Social Media

Alexander C. Nwala
Bootstrapping Web Archive Collections From Micro-Collections in Social Media Alexander C. Nwala, Old Dominion UniversityFollow Date of Award Summer 8-2020 Document Type Dissertation Degree Name Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Department Computer Science Committee Director Michael L. Nelson Committee Member Michele C. Weigle Committee Member Jian Wu Committee Member Sampath Jayarathna Committee Member Ross Gore Abstract In a Web plagued by disappearing resources, Web archive collections provide a valuable means of preserving Web resources important to...

D-Vine Pair-Copula Models for Longitudinal Binary Data

Huihui Lin
Dependent longitudinal binary data are prevalent in a wide range of scientific disciplines, including healthcare and medicine. A popular method for analyzing such data is the multivariate probit (MP) model. The motivation for this dissertation stems from the fact that the MP model fails even the binary correlations are within the feasible range. The reason being the underlying correlation matrix of the latent variables in the MP model may not be positive definite. In this...

Cyber-Assets at Risk (Car): Monetary Impact of Personally Identifiable Information Data Breaches on Companies

Omer Ilker Poyraz
Cyber-systems provide convenience, ubiquity, economic advantage, and higher efficiency to both individuals and organizations. However, vulnerabilities of the cyber domain also offer malicious actors with the opportunities to compromise the most sensitive information. Recent cybersecurity incidents show that a group of hackers can cause a massive data breach, resulting in companies losing competitive advantage, reputation, and money. Governments have since taken some actions in protecting individuals and companies from such crime by authorizing federal agencies...

Investigating a Multimodal Approach to Clinical Diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer’s Disease

Sean M. Flannery
An estimated 5.8 million Americans suffer from dementia due to Alzheimer’s disease (AD), with that number projected to grow to 13.8 million by mid-century (Alzheimer’s Association, 2019). Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) describes the stage between normal cognitive decline that comes with aging and a dementia diagnosis (Peterson, 1999). Due to a lack of a cure or particularly effective treatment, a major goal of treatment is to focus on improving quality of life (Budson & Solomon,...

Predictors of Dental Students’ Behavioral Intention Use of Teledentistry: An Application of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (Utaut) Model

Jafar Hassan Alabdullah
Shortages of dental professionals and access barriers to dental care are challenges to improving oral health and decreasing the burden of dental diseases. There are more than 57 million individuals in the U.S. who live in dental health professional shortage areas (DHPSA). The U.S. DHPSA areas need 9,951 dental practitioners to overcome the obstacles to oral care access. Due to dental care needs for these populations, it is imperative to find a new method to...

Towards Dynamic Vehicular Clouds

Aida Ghazizadeh
Motivated by the success of the conventional cloud computing, Vehicular Clouds were introduced as a group of vehicles whose corporate computing, sensing, communication, and physical resources can be coordinated and dynamically allocated to authorized users. One of the attributes that set Vehicular Clouds apart from conventional clouds is resource volatility. As vehicles enter and leave the cloud, new computing resources become available while others depart, creating a volatile environment where the task of reasoning about...

Comparison of Two Separation Methods for Biological Particles: Field-Flow Fractionation (FFF) and Sucrose Density Gradients

Cody E. Garrison
Sucrose gradient centrifugation and Field-flow fractionation (FFF) are two different particle separation methods that overcome the problems of similar size microorganisms clumping together during standard filtration methods. FFF separates particles based on size and density via the parabolic velocity profile of laminar flow in a ribbon-like channel. The sucrose method separates particles via centrifugation in a density gradient. Both techniques worked well in separating eukaryotic from prokaryotic microbes, with the preferred method depending on the...

Effectiveness of Interactive, Collaborative vs. Traditional, Lecture-Based Educational Interventions for Adolescents in Low-Income Areas to Increase Knowledge Regarding Sexually Transmitted Infections

Nelan Tagra, Maia Jimenez, Christina Benedicto, Christopher Tucker, Gerrard Norman, Charmein Harris & Stephanie Green
Aim: To assess whether teens who live in low-income areas who participate in interactive, collaborative sexually transmitted infections (STI) prevention education will have a significant increase in learning outcomes in comparison to students who participate in a traditional, lecture-based approach. Background: More STIs are reported each year. Among those infected, young people are of the highest incidence at 50% of new STIs in the US annually. High STI incidence is an unintended health outcome as...

Climate Change and Infrastructural Damage

Macey VanSavage
With the assistance of ENGL 231C students at Old Dominion University, Dr. Daniel Richards and Mrs. Megan McKittrick led this study testing the usability of Climate Central’s Risk Finder tool. The study was conducted as a client-based, service learning project for a Technical and Scientific writing course, serving client Dan Rizza at Climate Central, a nonprofit research organization. The study serves as a way for local collegiate students to be able to gain knowledge about...

How Do Personal Connections Play a Role in Risk Perception of Climate Change and Sea Level Rise?

Katelyn Sheeley
The threat of sea level rise is unknown to many coastal residents living in the United States, including Virginians. Climate Central, a nonprofit research-based organization, has created the Risk Finder tool to help inform the public about the potential dangers posed by sea level rise. Risk Finder is an interactive, online mapping tool intended to inform residents of useful data concerning sea level rise. Dr. Daniel Richards and Mrs. Megan Mckittrick from Old Dominion University...

A Novel Non-Enzymatic Glucose Biofuel Cell with Mobile Glucose Sensing

Ankit Baingane
Herein, we report a novel non-enzymatic glucose biofuel cell with mobile glucose sensing. We characterized the power generation and biosensing capabilities in presence of glucose analyte. This system was developed using a non-enzymatic glucose biofuel cell consisting of colloidal platinum coated gold microwire (Au-co-Pt) employed as an anode and the cathode which was constructed using a Gas diffusion electrode (GDE) with a platinum catalyst. The non-enzymatic glucose biofuel cell produced a maximum open circuit voltage...

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