187 Works

Probable post-traumatic stress disorder and harmful alcohol use among male members of the British Police Forces and the British Armed Forces: a comparative study

Patricia Irizar, Sharon A.M. Stevelink, David Pernet, Suzanne H. Gage, Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely, Laura Goodwin & Nicola T. Fear
Background: British Armed Forces’ and Police Forces’ personnel are trained to operate in potentially traumatic conditions. Consequently, they may experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is often comorbid with harmful alcohol use. Objective: We aimed to assess the proportions, and associations, of probable PTSD and harmful alcohol use among a covariate-balanced sample of male military personnel and police employees. Methods: Proportions of probable PTSD, harmful alcohol use, and daily binge drinking, were explored using data...

Probable post-traumatic stress disorder and harmful alcohol use among male members of the British Police Forces and the British Armed Forces: a comparative study

Patricia Irizar, Sharon A.M. Stevelink, David Pernet, Suzanne H. Gage, Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely, Laura Goodwin & Nicola T. Fear
Background: British Armed Forces’ and Police Forces’ personnel are trained to operate in potentially traumatic conditions. Consequently, they may experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is often comorbid with harmful alcohol use. Objective: We aimed to assess the proportions, and associations, of probable PTSD and harmful alcohol use among a covariate-balanced sample of male military personnel and police employees. Methods: Proportions of probable PTSD, harmful alcohol use, and daily binge drinking, were explored using data...

The early impact of paraquat ban on suicide in Taiwan

Shu-Sen Chang, Chien-Yu Lin, Ming-Been Lee, Lih-Jong Shen, David Gunnell & Michael Eddleston
Pesticide ingestion is a leading method for suicide worldwide. Paraquat is a highly lethal herbicide when ingested. We assessed the impact of the first-stage ban on the import and production of paraquat (from February 2018) on suicides by pesticide poisoning in Taiwan. Suicide data by method (pesticide vs. non-pesticide), pesticide (paraquat vs. non-paraquat), and area/sex/age were extracted from the national cause-of-death data files (2011–2019). Negative binomial regression was used to estimate changes in suicide rates...

Aerosol and droplet generation from performing with woodwind and brass instruments

Lauren P. McCarthy, Christopher M. Orton, Natalie A. Watson, Florence K. A. Gregson, Allen E. Haddrell, William J. Browne, James D. Calder, Declan Costello, Jonathan P. Reid, Pallav L. Shah & Bryan R. Bzdek
The performing arts have been significantly restricted due to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. We report measurements of aerosol and droplet concentrations generated when playing woodwind and brass instruments and comparisons with breathing, speaking, and singing. These measurements were conducted in a room with zero number concentration aerosol background in the 0.5-20 µm diameter size range, allowing clear attribution of detected particles to specific activities. A total of 13 instruments were...

Sex differences in post-traumatic stress disorder in a high adversity cohort of South African adolescents: an examination of depressive symptoms, age, and trauma type as explanatory factors

Lucy V. Hiscox, Rachel Hiller, Abigail Fraser, Stephan Rabie, Jackie Stewart, Soraya Seedat, Mark Tomlinson & Sarah L. Halligan
Background: Evidence from high-income countries (HICs) has documented a higher rate of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in females than males. However, data are limited on sex differences in PTSD from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), despite particularly high levels of trauma experienced by LMIC youth. Objectives: In a sample of adolescents from an impoverished South African community, we examined sex differences in PTSD, as well as co-occurring depression, adolescent age, and the type and extent...

Piloting a scalable, post-trauma psychosocial intervention in Tuvalu: the Skills for Life Adjustment and Resilience (SOLAR) program

Kari Gibson, Jonathon Little, Sean Cowlishaw, Teawa Ipitoa Toromon, David Forbes & Meaghan O’Donnell
Background: The Skills for Life Adjustment and Resilience (SOLAR) programme is a brief, scalable, psychosocial skill-building programme designed to reduce distress and adjustment difficulties following disaster. Objectives: We tested the feasibility, acceptability, efficacy and safety of a culturally adapted version of SOLAR in two remote, cyclone-affected communities in the Pacific Island nation of Tuvalu. Method: This pilot adopted a quasi-experimental, control design involving 99 participants. SOLAR was administered to the treatment group (n = 49)...

Fungicides alter the distribution and diversity of bacterial and fungal communities in ginseng fields

Guilong Ma, Xinxin Gao, Jie Nan, Tingting Zhang, Xiaobao Xie & Qi Cai
The present study was focused on comparison of four typical fungicides in ginseng field to evaluate the impact of the different fungicides on the soil bacterial and fungal communities’ composition and diversity by using high-throughput sequencing. Five treatments were designed comprising carbendazim (D), dimethyl disulfide (E), dazomet (M), calcium cyanamide (S), and control (C). The application of fungicide obviously altered the distribution of dominant fungal and bacterial communities and remarkably decreased the diversity (1099-763 and...

Stratifying Ischaemic Stroke Patients Across 3 Treatment Windows Using T2 Relaxation Times, Ordinal Regression and Cumulative Probabilities

Bryony McGarry, Elizabeth Hunter, Robin Damian, Michael Knight, Philip Clatworthy, George Harston, Keith Muir, Risto Kauppinen & John Kelleher

Maternal Mediterranean diet in pregnancy and newborn DNA methylation: a meta-analysis in the PACE Consortium

Leanne K. Küpers, Sílvia Fernández-Barrés, Aayah Nounu, Chloe Friedman, Ruby Fore, Giulia Mancano, Dana Dabelea, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Rosa H. Mulder, Emily Oken, Laura Johnson, Mariona Bustamante, Vincent W.V. Jaddoe, Marie-France Hivert, Anne P. Starling, Jeanne H.M. de Vries, Gemma C. Sharp, Martine Vrijheid & Janine F. Felix
Higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy is related to a lower risk of preterm birth and to better offspring cardiometabolic health. DNA methylation may be an underlying biological mechanism. We evaluated whether maternal adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with offspring cord blood DNA methylation. We meta-analysed epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) of maternal adherence to the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and offspring cord blood DNA methylation in 2802 mother–child pairs from five...

Additional file 1 of Exploring the impact of shielding advice on the wellbeing of individuals identified as clinically extremely vulnerable amid the COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed-methods evaluation

Gemma Lasseter, Polly Compston, Charlotte Robin, Helen Lambert, Matthew Hickman, Sarah Denford, Rosy Reynolds, Juan Zhang, Shenghan Cai, Tingting Zhang, Louise E. Smith, G James Rubin, Lucy Yardley, Richard Amlôt & Isabel Oliver
Additional file 1.

Additional file 1 of HMOX1 STR polymorphism and malaria: an analysis of a large clinical dataset

Fergus Hamilton, Ruth Mitchell, Aubrey Cunnington, Peter Ghazal & Nicholas J. Timpson
Additional file 1: Table S1. Influence of ethnicity on case status and severe malaria subtypes. Table S2. Effect estimates for severe malaria subtypes (values represent OR, 95% CI, and p value). Table S3. Effect estimates for the primary outcome using an allelic and genotypic model. Figure S1. Effect estimates from the allelic model for all outcomes. Figure S2. Effect estimates from the genotypic model. Table S2. Differing ethnicities and case status in the Kenya population....

Additional file 1 of Managing clustering effects and learning effects in the design and analysis of randomised surgical trials: a review of existing guidance

Elizabeth J. Conroy, Jane M. Blazeby, Girvan Burnside, Jonathan A. Cook & Carrol Gamble
Additional file 1: Supplementary Material 1. List of eligible guidance documents. Supplementary Material 2. Additional information on documents obtained by the targeted search. Supplementary Table 1. Key criteria coverage across documents summary.

Additional file 2 of Pastoralism in the high Himalayas: Understanding changing practices and their implications for parasite transmission between livestock and wildlife

Munib Khanyari, Sarah Robinson, E. J. Milner-Gulland, E. R. Morgan, Rashmi Singh Rana & Kulbhushansingh R. Suryawanshi
Additional file 2: Supplementary Material 2. Results of the one-way ANOVA

Supplemental Material - EDP-514 in healthy subjects and nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor-suppressed patients with chronic hepatitis B

Jordan J Feld, Eric Lawitz, Tuan Nguyen, Jacob Lalezari, Tarek Hassanein, Paul Martin, Steven-Huy Han, Douglas Dieterich, Jeanne-Marie Giard, Guy De La Rosa, Alaa Ahmad, Ed Luo, Annie L Conery & Nathalie Adda
Supplementary Material for EDP-514 in healthy subjects and nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor-suppressed patients with chronic hepatitis B by Jordan J Feld, Eric Lawitz, Tuan Nguyen, Jacob Lalezari, Tarek Hassanein, Paul Martin, Steven-Huy Han, Douglas Dieterich, Jeanne-Marie Giard, Guy De La Rosa, Alaa Ahmad, Ed Luo, Annie L Conery, and Nathalie Adda in Antiviral Therapy.

Additional file 1 of Geographic inequalities in health intervention coverage – mapping the composite coverage index in Peru using geospatial modelling

Leonardo Z. Ferreira, C. Edson Utazi, Luis Huicho, Kristine Nilsen, Fernando P. Hartwig, Andrew J. Tatem & Aluisio J. D. Barros
Additional file 1.

Additional file 1 of Parental perspectives on the grief and support needs of children and young people bereaved during the COVID-19 pandemic: qualitative findings from a national survey

Emily Harrop, Silvia Goss, Mirella Longo, Kathy Seddon, Anna Torrens-Burton, Eileen Sutton, Damian JJ Farnell, Alison Penny, Annmarie Nelson, Anthony Byrne & Lucy E. Selman
Supplementary Material 1

sj-docx-1-mpp-10.1177_23814683221134098 – Supplemental material for Optimal Planning of Health Services through Genetic Algorithm and Discrete Event Simulation: A Proposed Model and Its Application to Stroke Rehabilitation Care

Charles Yan, Nathan McClure, Sean P. Dukelow, Balraj Mann & Jeff Round
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-mpp-10.1177_23814683221134098 for Optimal Planning of Health Services through Genetic Algorithm and Discrete Event Simulation: A Proposed Model and Its Application to Stroke Rehabilitation Care by Charles Yan, Nathan McClure, Sean P. Dukelow, Balraj Mann and Jeff Round in MDM Policy & Practice

Additional file 2 of Mendelian randomization analysis of factors related to ovulation and reproductive function and endometrial cancer risk

Shannon D’Urso, Pooja Arumugam, Therese Weider, Liang-Dar Hwang, Tom A. Bond, John P. Kemp, Nicole M. Warrington, David M. Evans, Tracy A. O’Mara & Gunn-Helen Moen
Additional file 2.

Additional file 3 of Mendelian randomization analysis of factors related to ovulation and reproductive function and endometrial cancer risk

Shannon D’Urso, Pooja Arumugam, Therese Weider, Liang-Dar Hwang, Tom A. Bond, John P. Kemp, Nicole M. Warrington, David M. Evans, Tracy A. O’Mara & Gunn-Helen Moen
Additional file 3.

sj-docx-2-whe-10.1177_17455057221137477 – Supplemental material for Autistic women’s diagnostic experiences: Interactions with identity and impacts on well-being

Miriam Harmens, Felicity Sedgewick & Hannah Hobson
Supplemental material, sj-docx-2-whe-10.1177_17455057221137477 for Autistic women’s diagnostic experiences: Interactions with identity and impacts on well-being by Miriam Harmens, Felicity Sedgewick and Hannah Hobson in Women’s Health

sj-docx-3-whe-10.1177_17455057221137477 – Supplemental material for Autistic women’s diagnostic experiences: Interactions with identity and impacts on well-being

Miriam Harmens, Felicity Sedgewick & Hannah Hobson
Supplemental material, sj-docx-3-whe-10.1177_17455057221137477 for Autistic women’s diagnostic experiences: Interactions with identity and impacts on well-being by Miriam Harmens, Felicity Sedgewick and Hannah Hobson in Women’s Health

Additional file 1 of Preparing for pandemics: a systematic review of pandemic influenza clinical management guidelines

Ishmeala Rigby, Melina Michelen, Vincent Cheng, Andrew Dagens, Dania Dahmash, Samuel Lipworth, Eli Harriss, Erhui Cai, Valeria Balan, Alexandra Oti, Reena Joseph, Helen Groves, Peter Hart, Shevin Jacob, Lucille Blumberg, Peter W. Horby & Louise Sigfrid
Additional file 1: Details of the search strategy. S1.1. Database search strategy. S1.1.2. Updated database search strategy. S1.2. Google scholar search strategy. S1.2.2. Updated google scholar search strategy. S1.3. Google engine search strategy.

Additional file 1 of Dietary protein and the glycemic index handle insulin resistance within a nutritional program for avoiding weight regain after energy-restricted induced weight loss

Fernando Vidal-Ostos, Omar Ramos-Lopez, Susan A. Jebb, Angeliki Papadaki, Andreas F. H. Pfeiffer, Teodora Handjieva-Darlenska, Marie Kunešová, Ellen E. Blaak, Arne Astrup & J. Alfredo Martinez
Additional file 1: Supplementary table 1. TyG index correlation with BMI changes within complete nutritional program and weight maintenance stage.

Additional file 7 of Understanding the perspectives of recruiters is key to improving randomised controlled trial enrolment: a qualitative evidence synthesis

Nicola Farrar, Daisy Elliott, Catherine Houghton, Marcus Jepson, Nicola Mills, Sangeetha Paramasivan, Lucy Plumb, Julia Wade, Bridget Young, Jenny L. Donovan & Leila Rooshenas
Additional file 7. Study Characteristics. Characteristics of each of the studies included in the synthesis.

Additional file 5 of Understanding the perspectives of recruiters is key to improving randomised controlled trial enrolment: a qualitative evidence synthesis

Nicola Farrar, Daisy Elliott, Catherine Houghton, Marcus Jepson, Nicola Mills, Sangeetha Paramasivan, Lucy Plumb, Julia Wade, Bridget Young, Jenny L. Donovan & Leila Rooshenas
Additional file 5. SoQF. GRADE CERQual Summary of Qualitative Findings.

Registration Year

  • 2023
    7
  • 2022
    152
  • 2021
    24
  • 2020
    4

Resource Types

  • Text
    187

Affiliations

  • University of Bristol
    187
  • University College London
    25
  • University of Liverpool
    23
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    20
  • Southern Medical University
    17
  • North West Agriculture and Forestry University
    16
  • Central South University
    15
  • Fudan University
    15
  • Cardiff University
    14
  • University of Cambridge
    13