The purpose of this study is to investigate whether providing preprint readers with information about preprint authors’ conflicts of interest (COIs) alters the perceived trust/credibility of preprints (as measured by download behavior), and whether this depends on the state of the COI (report no conflicts vs. report conflicts)
ESR 2 Detection and Characterization of microplastic in food and beverages using Photolumniscence SpectroscopySyed Iqrar, Lauren Traczykowski, Isobel Stone, Luke Southan, James Otter, David Reece, Stephan Luettjohann, Pete Hotten, Jennifer Ferguson, Gabor Bordos, Ivo Grigorov, Daniel Hill, Karola Woods, Yuanli Liu, Udit Pant, Shiwani Shiwani, Selim Tanrıverdi, Natalia Andrade, Mehrdad Choobbari, Martim Costa, Luca Maurizi, Julia Boeke, Clementina Vitali, Ali Can, Aisha Bibi … & Jordi Valls-Conesa
My project aims to develop a portable and low-cost spectrometer based on the photoluminescence technique for the detection and characterization of microplastics in food and beverages. The worldwide increasing number of plastic production is leading to the potential impact of micro/nano plastic on aquatic and human life. To address this issue, there is an essential need for standardized commercial devices for the early detection of microplastics in various environmental matrices. Based on the need of...
This is a follow-up study from one in which we investigated whether children were sensitive to abstract correlations in which the cause and its effect were of the same function (linear, quadratic, periodic). Here, we go a step further and ask if children continue to make successful responses when the cause and its effect differ in the same function family (monotonic functions, quadratic functions, periodic functions).
This is a Data Analytic Replication (DAR) attempt on the Claim 4 “Regarding the effect of societal discrimination against young girls, holding constant other socioeconomic and cultural factors, and given the mean number of unwanted daughters within the household (0.80), our estimates support that increases in societal discrimination are associated with 0.045 increases in the expected number of daughters’ deaths (p < 0.001).” from EchÃ¡varri and Husillos (2016). The statistical evidence is: Table 2, Column...
Data stewardship and re-use in the age of Big Data, a 1/2 day tutorial HICSS-55
This is a Data Analytic Replication (DAR) attempt on the Claim 4 "Conversely, the percentage living in nuclear-family households increased from 35.7 % in 1992–1993 to 43.5 % in 2005–2006. All these changes are statistically significant. Overall, in this roughly 14-year period, the percentage of young women living in nuclear households rose by almost 8 %. [Table 1, 1992–1993 vs 2005–2006, Total = p < .001]" From Allendorf (2013). The statistical evidence is: Table 1,...
A Delphi Study to Establish Transparency and Openness Practices Guidelines for Academic InstitutionsJeremy Ng, Kelly Cobey, Olivia Lowrey, David Mellor, David Moher & Danielle Rice
In the present study, we outline a process to develop a set of TOP guidelines for academic institutions beginning with a subset of fields (i.e., biomedicine, psychology, and education) in order to improve upon the openness and transparency of hiring, promotion, and tenure practices. Specifically, we aim to conduct a Delphi study to reach consensus on TOP criteria for academic institutions to use in hiring, promotion and tenure decisions.
This component contains curated resources relevant to journals implementing the TOP Guidelines, evidence of barriers to replicating scientific findings, and recommendations for policies and practices to increase the credibility of empirical findings.