Helpful, harmful, or unnecessary? An eye-tracking experiment on the effectiveness of social media trigger warnings on women’s visual attention, mood, and anxietyKathrin Karsay & Elien Beelen
Mental health is one of the most important topics on the public health agenda due to the high prevalence of mental health illnesses worldwide (World Health Organization 2019). Social media are a prominent source of health information, including information on mental health. It has become common for social media users to include trigger warnings when sharing sensitive content. The idea of trigger warnings is to avoid or prepare for stress that exposure to content may...
Childbirth is a traumatic event that may impact the sexual function during the postpartum up to 24 months. There is a high prevalence of sexual dysfunction after childbirth. The aetiology and underlying mechanisms are still unclear. There is a possible association between anatomical changes due to childbirth and sexual dysfunction. Such an association has also been found for other pelvic floor dysfunctions such as incontinence and prolapse. If an association between pelvic floor dysfunction and...
Oral misoprostol tablets (25 µg) for induction of labor: A targeted literature review and cost analysisAnne-Claire Poinas, Katherine Padgett, Roel de Heus, Franck Perrotin & Roland Devlieger
Various methods exist for the induction of labor (IOL), and there is limited consensus as to optimal methods. Off-label misoprostol is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for IOL but preparing it into doses suitable for IOL lacks precision, with potential adverse outcomes if dosing is inaccurate. This study explores potential outcomes and costs associated with increased uptake of a low-dose (25 µg) oral misoprostol formulation1 approved for IOL, in France, Belgium and the...
Face categorization and generalization and behavioral templates in rats
A structured review about the physiology of breastfed infants, with a special interest in the effects on drug absorption and transferMartje Van Neste, karel allegaert, Pieter Annaert, Anne Smits & Annick Bogaerts
Differences in maturational physiology between breastfed and formula-fed infants were reported, such as the growth of exclusively breastfed infants. Breastfed infants have a less significant weight loss early in life with afterwards, a slower weight gain. Fragmented data of these differences has been described but have not yet been organized and integrated.
The proposed scoping review contributes to an underdeveloped research area by investigating the dimensions and elements of the Great Teaching Toolkit (GTT; Coe et al., 2020) to describe effective teaching behaviours specifically tailored to students with SEN. Thereupon, this scoping review focusses on contexts where students with SEN are being educated, i.e. inclusive and special classrooms. This scoping review has three main goals: (1) to map out gaps in the current literature regarding study characteristics...
The impact of a mismatch between mothers’ and birth companions’ birth expectations and experiences on childbirth-related PTSD: dyadic analyses using response surface analysisAsuman Buyukcan-Tetik, Turan Ergun, Susan Ayers, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Antje Horsch, Lara Seefeld, Joan Lalor, Sarah van Haeken, Mirjam Oosterman, Annick Bogaerts, Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Luisa Bergunde, Tobias Weigl, Kenneth Finlayson & Soo Downe
Previous research suggests that a mismatch between parents’ birth expectations and experiences is associated with lower levels of birth satisfaction and an increased risk for childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder (CB-PTSD; Webb et al., 2021). However, there is a lack of prospective studies and studies investigating expectations and experiences of birth companions. The current study aims to examine whether a mismatch between birth expectations during pregnancy and experiences at two weeks postpartum predicts CB-PTSD symptoms at...
Data, Material & Syntaxes
At the edge of existence: Unraveling the associations between existential distress and geriatric depression in nursing home residentsJulie Vissers, Jessie Dezutter & Siebrecht Vanhooren
In this project, we try to clarify the role of existential distress in the etiology of geriatric depression in nursing home residents, in the progression from minor to major geriatric depression, and in the effectiveness of antidepressant drugs when existential distress is present. Furthermore, we aim to investigate how deconnectedness is related to depressive feelings and meaning in life in these nursing home residents.
The current study will focus on the potentially beneficial aspect of avoidance - stressor controllability and its impact on fear extinction. Specifically, using an instrumental aversive conditioning paradigm, we will investigate whether controllability over stressors enhances extinction. Furthermore, we will explore whether and how different variants of control (total control, lack of control, loss of control) affect fear extinction.
Integrated care models for older adults with depression and physical multimorbidity: a scoping review.Laura Tops, Simon Beerten & Mieke Vermandere
By conducting this scoping review, we will map the literature on integrated care models for older adults with depression and physical multimorbidity. Effective management of multimorbidity requires integrated care, so that common risk factors and the bidirectional interaction between physical and mental illness, and the treatment for each, can be addressed together. Although more than two thirds of the older patients attending a psychiatric service have at least one physical comorbidity, little evidence is available...
Additional file 9 of Parental genomes segregate into distinct blastomeres during multipolar zygotic divisions leading to mixoploid and chimeric blastocystsTine De Coster, Heleen Masset, Olga Tšuiko, Maaike Catteeuw, Yan Zhao, Nicolas Dierckxsens, Ainhoa Larreategui Aparicio, Eftychia Dimitriadou, Sophie Debrock, Karen Peeraer, Marta de Ruijter-Villani, Katrien Smits, Ann Van Soom & Joris Robert Vermeesch
Additional file 9: Figure S9. Genome-wide composition of blastocysts following multipolar zygotic division. Circos plots of six embryos that developed to the blastocyst stage following multipolar zygotic division in which each circle represents the interpreted genome constitution per chromosome (1 - X) of a sampled single cell. The interpreted genome spanning the largest part of the chromosome was chosen as overall interpretation per chromosome, as such, segmental chromosomal errors are not depicted. On the left...
Chemotherapy crosses the placenta, however, it remains unclear to what extent it affects fetal growth. The current literature suggests up to 21% of the offspring of women receiving chemotherapy are small for gestational age (SGA, birth weight <10th percentile). Limiting research to birth weights only might misjudge fetal growth restriction (FGR) in this high-risk population with multiple risk factors for impaired fetal growth. Moreover, the role of the duration of chemotherapy and gestational age at...
Additional file 1 of Transcriptome analysis reveals the roles of phytohormone signaling in tea plant (Camellia sinensis L.) flower developmentXiaohan Xu, Jing Tao, Anqi Xing, Zichen Wu, Yuqin Xu, Yi Sun, Jiangyuan Zhu, Xiang Dai & Yuhua Wang
Additional file 1: Fig. S1: The ABCDE model and the quartet model of floral organ development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Additional file 2 of Transcriptome analysis reveals the roles of phytohormone signaling in tea plant (Camellia sinensis L.) flower developmentXiaohan Xu, Jing Tao, Anqi Xing, Zichen Wu, Yuqin Xu, Yi Sun, Jiangyuan Zhu, Xiang Dai & Yuhua Wang
Additional file 2: Fig. S2: Morphological characteristics of flower organs at three flower developmental stages in three Camellia sinensis varieties. BY1 represents the C. sinensis cv. ‘BaiYe 1’, HJY represents the C. sinensis cv. ‘HuangJinYa’, SCZ represents the C. sinensis cv. ‘SuChaZao’, S1-S3 represent the three flower developmental stages.
Additional file 7 of Transcriptome analysis reveals the roles of phytohormone signaling in tea plant (Camellia sinensis L.) flower developmentXiaohan Xu, Jing Tao, Anqi Xing, Zichen Wu, Yuqin Xu, Yi Sun, Jiangyuan Zhu, Xiang Dai & Yuhua Wang
Additional file 7: Table S4: Summary of RNA-Seq data and mapping metrics.
Pragmatics has been a topic of great fascination for researchers from a variety of disciplines, including but certainly not limited to linguistics, psychology and logic. Of special interest in this respect has been the notion of implicature—suggested or implied meaning communicated through an utterance, which is not literally expressed through the words that are used. Since this concept was first introduced (Grice & White, 1961) and disseminated by H.P. Grice at Harvard’s ‘William James Lectures’...
The role of parent attachment in family conflict and daily life irritability, stress and loneliness in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemicJulie Janssens, Robin Achterhof, Ginette Lafit, Inez Myin-Germeys & Olivia Kirtley
The goal of this study is to examine how parental attachment relationships measured at baseline before COVID-19 (T0) are associated with COVID-19-related family conflict measured during COVID-19 (T1). Additionally, we will investigate how parental attachment relationships measured at T0 are associated with changes in irritability, stress and loneliness measured in daily life via the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) from T0 to T1. For this, we will use pre-existing data from Wave I of the SIGMA...
Additional file 2 of Identified or conflicted: a latent class and regression tree analysis explaining how identity constructs cluster within smokersE. Meijer, W. A. Gebhardt, C. van Laar, N. H. Chavannes & B. van den Putte
Additional file 2: Scores on the explanatory variables in lower, middle and higher SES-groups.
Cultural psychology has often proposed that people’s psychological tendencies are attuned to the socio-cultural context in which they engage, and that these culture-specific ways of feeling, thinking, and behaving help them navigate their cultural environment. Hence, it is often assumed that the extent to which people ‘fit’ their socio-cultural context is associated with higher well-being. In the past decades, however, only a handful of studies have empirically tested these claims in the domain of emotion....
This study is to be conducted as a component of a Masters Degree at KU Leuven. Fear is something that is not unknown to many. I fact it is even adaptive in most cases. Who would not run away when seeing a venomous snake in the jungle or a cheeta on the African planes. However, when fear and in addition avoidance is persistent and redundant, it is not adaptive anymore and people can even inflict...
Additional file 2 of Point-of-care C-reactive protein test results in acute infections in children in primary care: an observational studyLiselore De Rop, Tine De Burghgraeve, An De Sutter, Frank Buntinx & Jan Y Verbakel
Supplementary Material 2
Additional file 3 of Point-of-care C-reactive protein test results in acute infections in children in primary care: an observational studyLiselore De Rop, Tine De Burghgraeve, An De Sutter, Frank Buntinx & Jan Y Verbakel
Supplementary Material 3
Universitair Ziekenhuis Leuven57
Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China28
Huazhong University of Science and Technology22
Shandong Agricultural University22
University of Liège19
Delft University of Technology19