149,785 Works

How to Translate a Gerund? : The “Gerund/absolutive” in Epic-Puranic and Classical Sanskrit Literature

Renate Söhnen-Thieme
The article is based on the observation and collection, over several decades, of examples of the so-called “gerund,” “indeclinable participle,” or “absolutive” (the last of these mainly in German). It starts with the discussion of the terms and definitions, in a number of grammars, of a linguistic category which has become especially prevalent in Indian languages and literatures and may be regarded as a genuinely Indian development, since there is only scarce evidence of a...

Svārthika Suffixes vs. Endocentric Taddhita Derivatives

Małgorzata Wielińska-Soltwedel
Neither the term svārthika nor svārtha is taught or used by Pāṇini. The word svārthe appears for the first time in Kātyāyana’s vārttikas and svārthika in Patañjali’s commentary. Patañjali does not restrict the usage of these terms exclusively to the secondary suffixes as is usually the case in later Pāṇinian tradition. For him, the feminine suffixes ṭābādi are svārthika and he regards the intensive suffix yaṄ and the desiderative suffix saN as svārthe added, in...

Bhīṣma, an (Un)reliable Narrator

Zuzana Špicová
This paper deals with the concept of (un)reliable narrator and evaluates Bhīṣma’s narration in the Ambopākhyāna of the Mahābhārata with this category in mind. The Ambopākhyāna is divided into six narratives and three different types of narration using the categories of narrator, focalizer and narrative agent/central figure. Bhīṣma is labeled a highly personalized narrator with a limited authority and reliability in the Ambopākhyāna, as opposed to his much more reliable and authoritative status in his...

Bitextual Meaning in Two Pre-navya Vyākaraṇas : The Case of Rāmacandrācārya and Jīva Gosvāmin

Radha Blinderman
Rāmacandrācārya’s Prakriyākaumudī and Jīva Gosvāmin’s Harināmāmṛtavyākaraṇa (15th-16th centuries) are the first two grammars in the Brahminical context to include verses with bitextual meaning (śleṣa). In those verses, the authors simultaneously talk about grammar and the divine, often expressing their Vedāntic views. They make extensive use of religious examples and invocation (maṅgala) verses like the 13th century Mugdhabodha and many 17th-18th century navya (“new school”) grammar texts. What is new is their use of śleṣa. This...

Scope of Early Sanskrit Usage : A Wider Approach

Madhav M. Deshpande
Sheldon Pollock’s stimulating book Language of The Gods In The World Of Men has offered numerous new ideas on the nature and the place of Sanskrit in ancient India. While I agree with many of his views, I want to offer a different view on the antiquity of the non-ritual Sanskrit usage, and in doing so I will offer a critique of some of Pollock’s ideas. To state it briefly, Pollock advocates a view that...

Technical Types of Waters in Vedic Ritual

Mugdha Gadgil
Usage of water in Vedic sacrifices is noteworthy. There are numerous synonyms for water in general. However, divine waters or āpaḥ are classified and used with a particular objective in Śrauta rites. Present paper discusses such seven types and attempts to find out the reason behind this artificial classification with the help of their ritualistic usage and mythology associated thereby.

A Non-Śrauta Ritual in the Oldest Yajurveda Text : Maitrāyaṇī Saṁhitā IV 2 (Gonāmika Chapter)

Kyoko Amano
The Maitrāyaṇī Saṁhitā [MS] IV.2, gonāmika chapter, contains descriptions of esoteric rites that don’t look like the orthodox śrauta ritual. They are, on one hand, the rites of serving a cow that are concerned with the gopitṛyajña (MS I.6) and the śūlagava ritual belonging to the gṛhya rites, and on the other hand, the worship of Rudra that is again concerned with the śūlagava ritual. Underlying them is an ancient popular rite of serving a...

Smell or Incense in Vedic Ritual

Chisei Ōshima
In this article, Vedic gandha, the smell, was examined especially focusing on a ritualistic context. It is also known in modern times that the gandha often means an incense, aromatic woodchip to burn used for offering to the gods, or fragrant powder to apply to a priest’s body. In spite of the investigation into the gandha treated in Vedic Śrauta rituals, we do not find any such kind of gandha. Instead we can consider some...

Ambā’s Speech to Bhīṣma (MBh 1.96.48-49)

Roberto Morales-Harley
The paper examines Ambā’s Speech to Bhīṣma in terms of the duality of the central elements that are mentioned: the husband/wife participants, the father/ daughter reasons, and the moral/social components of dharma. It argues that, by switching the emphasis from the Udyoga Parvan to the Ādi Parvan, a contribution can be made in viewing Ambā “the wife” as a predecessor of Ambā “the female ascetic.” Within a philological framework, methods from Argumentation Theory, such as...

“Who Has Found Speech Having Entered into the Seers?” : On ṚV 10.71.3 and the Origin of Speech

Frank Köhler
Ṛgveda 10.71 is usually considered as easy to understand, but as is the case with any other ṛgvedic hymn, closer inspection reveals a number of difficulties. Among them is the problem of the unknown identity of the subjects of the first three stanzas: Although the activities described there are of fundamental importance within the ṛgvedic world view, no person is explicitly singled out as being responsible for them. It will be argued that one term...

What Is the Purpose of Restating dā in Aṣṭādhyāyī 5.3.19 : tado dā ca?

Yūto Kawamura
A 5.3.15: sarvaikānyakiṁyattadaḥ kāle dā introduces the affix dā after tad terminating in seventh-triplet endings on condition that reference is made to a time. By this rule obtains the derivate tadā corresponding to the string tasmin kāle. Despite this, A 5.3.19: tado dā ca also provides that tad in seventh-triplet endings takes dā under the same condition, thus resulting in the same derivate. Whereas Kātyāyana and Patañjali consider it meaningless to restate dā in A...

French Grammars of Sanskrit and Word-Class Systems

Émilie Aussant
French grammars of Sanskrit—and, more broadly, Western grammars of Sanskrit— bring two different languages face to face (Sanskrit and French) but also two different descriptive models as well as two different metalanguages, both resulting from secular practices and thinking. Given this framework, two questions arise which constitute the main lines of thought which underlie the reflection within which the present study falls: how have French grammars of Sanskrit navigated between these two descriptive models and...

The Big House Ukrainians Hall, May 8 to 10 2015

Vancouver Moving Theatre, Association Of United Ukrainian Canadians, Six Community Partners & Jumblies Theatre
Program for the May 8-10, 2015 Community gathering & cultural feast to honour the founding Coast Salish Urban Aboriginal & Immigrant Communities of the Downtown Eastside and the gathering places that give it strength. Artistic Statements presented by Beverly Dobrinsky, Paula Jardine, Rosemary Georgeson, and Sharon Kallis.

Maps & Memories : 4th Downtown Eastside Artfare Institute, June 6-8, 2014

Vancouver Moving Theatre & Jumblies Theatre
Program guide to accompany the Maps & Memories: 4th Downtown Eastside Artfare Institute held at the Ukrainian Hall on June 6-8, 2014. A workshop on researching and expressing community stories through oral history and mapping. Maps & Memories will explore the gathering of personal and ancestral histories; images of landscapes and waterways from False Creek to Burrard Inlet and beyond. Savannah Walling Artistic Director, Terry Hunter Executive Director Vancouver Moving Theatre.

Bread & Salt : A tribute to the East End's historic Ukrainian Community

Vancouver Moving Theatre, Downtown Eastside Heart Of The City Festival & Association Of United Ukrainian Canadians
Program guide to accompany the November 8-10, 2013 production Bread & Salt, a tribute to the East End's historic Ukrainian Community. Written by Beverly Dobrinsky and Savannah Walling, with contributions by Ivan Franko, Clifford Odets, Taras Shevchenko and Helen Potrebenko.

Spirit Rising Festival & East End Blues & All That Jazz Honouring Vancouver's historic East End black community February 2011

Vancouver Moving Theatre & Centre Of Integration For African Immigrants
Program guide to the Welcome to Spirit Rising--a mini-festival to honour the presence, heritage and culture of Canadians of African ancestry in Vancouver's historic East End and the City of Vancouver, held on February 2011.

The Shadows Project : Addiction and Recovery : We're All In This Together, a contemporary fable from the downtown eastside

Vancouver Moving Theatre, Urbarn Ink's Fathom Labs, Carnegie Community Centre (Vancouver, B.C.) & Roundhouse Community Arts & Recreation Centre
Program guide to accompany the performance of the Shadows Project : Addiction and Recovery held at the Russian Hall, April 19-29 and April 26-29, 2007. Written by Rosemary Georgeson and Savannah Walling with Sheila Baxter, Wendy Chew, Paul Decarie, Mary Duffy, Melissa Eror, Patrick Foley, Leith Harris, Stephen Lytton, Muriel Williams and with contributions by Larry Reed, James Fagan Tait and Chorus Artistic Director Savannah Walling, Director Kim Collier, Music Ya-wen V. Wang and Joelysa...

In the Heart of a City : The Downtown Eastside Community Play

Carnegie Community Centre (Vancouver, B.C.), Vancouver Moving Theatre & Vancouver Japanese Language School
Program guide to accompany the November 27-29 and December 4-6, 2003 performance of the In the Heart of a City, The Downtown Eastside Community Play. Written by: Renae Morriseau James Fagan Tait, Savannah Walling, and Adrienne Wong. Directed and choreographed by James Fagan Tait.

Status, Trends, and the Future of Fisheries in the East and South China Seas

Louise S. L. Teh, Tim Cashion, Juan José Alava, William W. L. Cheung & Ussif Rashid Sumaila
The East and South China Sea Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) contain globally significant biodiversity and habitats. These two LMEs border some of the world’s most populous countries, among which are major fishing nations such as China, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Fisheries thus play a prominent economic, food security, social, cultural, and livelihood role in East (ECS) and South China Sea (SCS) countries. However, ECS and SCS fisheries have experienced decades of decline, and...

Hiring, training, and supporting Peer Research Associates: Operationalizing community-based research principles within epidemiological studies by, with, and for women living with HIV

Angela Kaida, Allison Carter, Valerie Nicholson, Jo Lemay, Nadia O’Brien, Saara Greene, Wangari Tharao, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Rebecca Gormley, Anita Benoit, Mélina Bernier, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Johanna Lewis, Alexandra De Pokomandy & Mona Loutfy
Background: A community-based research (CBR) approach is critical to redressing the exclusion of women—particularly, traditionally marginalized women including those who use substances—from HIV research participation and benefit. However, few studies have articulated their process of involving and engaging peers, particularly within large-scale cohort studies of women living with HIV where gender, cultural and linguistic diversity, HIV stigma, substance use experience, and power inequities must be navigated. Methods: Through our work on the Canadian HIV Women’s...

Guideline implementation in the Canadian chiropractic setting: a pilot cluster randomized controlled trial and parallel study

Prakash Dhopte, Simon D French, Jeffrey A Quon, Heather Owens & André Bussières
Background: Feasibility and pilot studies are recommended prior to embarking on large-scale costly confirmatory trials. The objectives were to determine the feasibility of conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial (C-RCT) to evaluate a complex knowledge translation (KT) intervention to improve the management of people with neck pain, and to identify challenges and potential solutions to conducting a fully powered C-RCT in the chiropractic setting. Methods: Pilot C-RCT involving a nationally representative sample of chiropractors and...

Inactivation of LACCASE8 and LACCASE5 genes in Brachypodium distachyon leads to severe decrease in lignin content and high increase in saccharification yield without impacting plant integrity

Philippe Le Bris, Yin Wang, Clément Barbereau, Sébastien Antelme, Laurent Cézard, Frédéric Legée, Angelina D’Orlando, Marion Dalmais, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Mathias Schuetz, Lacey Samuels, Catherine Lapierre & Richard Sibout
Background: Dedicated lignocellulosic feedstock from grass crops for biofuel production is extensively increasing. However, the access to fermentable cell wall sugars by carbohydrate degrading enzymes is impeded by lignins. These complex polymers are made from reactive oxidized monolignols in the cell wall. Little is known about the laccase-mediated oxidation of monolignols in grasses, and inactivation of the monolignol polymerization mechanism might be a strategy to increase the yield of fermentable sugars. Results: LACCASE5 and LACCASE8...

MYB-NFIB gene fusions identified in archival adenoid cystic carcinoma tissue employing NanoString analysis: an exploratory study

John B McIntyre, Jenny J Ko, Jodi Siever, Angela M Y Chan, Roderick H W Simpson, Desiree Hao & Harold Y Lau
Background: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a slow growing salivary gland malignancy that is molecularly characterized by t(6:9)(q22–23;p23–24) translocations which predominantly result in MYB-NFIB gene fusions in nearly half of tumours. Detection of MYB-NFIB transcripts is typically performed with fresh ACC tissue using conventional RT-PCR fragment analysis or FISH techniques, which are prone to failure when only archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue is available. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate...

Developing a coordinated Canadian post-secondary surveillance system: a Delphi survey to identify measurement priorities for the Canadian Campus Wellbeing Survey (CCWS)

Guy Faulkner, Subha Ramanathan & Matthew Kwan
Background: Interventions that promote health and wellbeing among young adults are needed. Such interventions, however, require measurement tools that support intervention planning, monitoring and evaluation. The primary purpose of this study is to describe the process in developing a framework for a Canadian post-secondary health surveillance tool known as the Canadian Campus Wellbeing Survey (CCWS). Methods: Nineteen health service providers or mental health experts from 5 Canadian provinces participated in a 3-round Delphi survey by...

Re-Invigorating HIBAR Research for the 21st Century : Enhancing Fundamental Research Excellence in Service to Society

Lorne Whitehead, Slovic, Scott, 1960- & Janet E. Nelson
More than ever, society needs research breakthroughs to address major problems. Universities have a key role to play in discovering the required new knowledge and guiding its application. However, since World War II, universities have been encouraged to focus mainly on curiositybased research, with corporations carrying out practical work. This division worked well in the last half of the 20th century, when there was considerable funding for long-term research in the laboratories of major corporations....

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