14,466 Works

John Jay and the Law of Nations in the Diplomacy of the American Revolution

Benjamin C. Lyons
My dissertation examines the role of “the law of nations”—as international law was known in the eighteenth-century—in the diplomacy of the American Revolution. My method is to assess the way in which European and American diplomats used this law in a series of negotiations involving Spain, France, Britain, and the United States in a conflict over the Mississippi River. I argue that European statesmen based their conduct on a set of pragmatic norms, derived from...
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How can one recognize what one did not know? Mnemosyne and the art of the twentieth century

Mauro Carbone
"In a page of his posthumous book entitled The Visible and the Invisible (1964), the French philosopher Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961) writes: “As the ethnologist in the face of societies called archaic . . . must describe a mythical time where certain events ‘in the beginning’ maintain a continued efficacity; so also social psychology, precisely if it wishes to really know our own societies, cannot exclude a priori the hypothesis of mythical time as a component...
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Hicksville: How Silence and Storytelling Re-Shape a Migration Gateway

Rosemary McGunnigle-Gonzales
Scholars have studied and debated the causes and dynamics of assimilation for decades. Still, existing work has yet to explain how we get from encounter, interaction and taking assimilative “steps” toward the other to judging the other as “socially similar.” I introduce two innovations in approach to address this issue. First, I borrow from theories of collective action, narrative networks, uncoupling and “wrong” tales to ask how societies and their memories are simultaneously re-made. Second,...
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Frequent Users of Services in New York City: Investigating Antecedent Factors, Life Experiences, and Triggers Associated with Cycles of Homelessness and Incarceration

Anne K. Bozack
This research investigates the antecedent factors and triggers of frequent episodes of homelessness and incarceration among individuals in New York City. Prior studies have shown a high rate of homelessness among formerly incarcerated individuals and, conversely, a high rate of incarceration among homeless individuals. In New York City, as many as one in five inmates was homeless immediately prior to incarceration and many return to homelessness upon discharge. Individuals who cycle between homeless shelters and...
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Front Matter

Columbia University. Law
Table of Contents for the Columbia Journal of the Law & the Arts
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Latino American Children and School Readiness: The Role of Early Care Arrangements and Caregiver language

Erin Bumgarner
The number of Latino children in the United States is steadily increasing. Many of these children are underperforming academically, with noticeable gaps in math and literacy between Latino and White children apparent by kindergarten. In coming years, researchers and policymakers will be confronted with the challenge of developing interventions, such as high quality child care, to better prepare Latino children for their entry into kindergarten. Findings from several studies already suggest that high quality center-based...
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The Twenty-Sixth Amendment as a Teachable Moment: Young Adult Voter Turnout in U.S. Elections, 1972-2006

David Lee Wright
Ratification of the 26th Amendment in 1971 was a watershed event in America's long and often tumultuous electoral reform journey. The persistently low voter turnout of newly enfranchised 18-20 year-olds since then not only is troubling from a democratic perspective but also is puzzling in light of the rapidly rising educational attainment of this age group during the same period. In this investigation, I develop an original theoretical frame by which to examine relationships between...
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Circles of Influence: Rational decision-making, strategic positioning, and the formation of charter school clusters in New Jersey

Chad Joseph D'Entremont
A major focus of charter school research has been the potential impact of increased school choice on student sorting by race/ethnicity and socio-economic status. Researchers have argued that charter schools may increase segregation by allowing families to separate into more homogeneous school communities. Yet surprisingly, little attention has been paid to the role charter schools themselves may play in determining student enrollments. Emerging evidence suggests that charter schools may frequently take into account nearby educational...
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From at-risk to disconnected: Federal youth policy from 1973 to 2008

Rachel Bork
Traditionally youth policy has been studied from a psycho-social perspective that treats the concept of youth as a natural developmental stage. This dissertation adopts a political perspective and analyzes how political actors shape the social construction of youth. It documents the extent to which five sub-issues of youth policy--education, criminal justice, public health, social services, and workforce development--were present on the congressional agenda from 1973-2008. This research question is addressed through an analysis of congressional...
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Teacher Voice

Jonathan Sullivan Gyurko
In many of today's education debates, "teacher voice" is invoked as a remedy to, or the cause of, the problems facing public schools. Advocates argue that teachers don't have a sufficient voice in setting educational policy and decision-making while critics maintain that teachers have too strong an influence. This study aims to bring some clarity to the contested and often ill-defined notion of "teacher voice." I begin with an original analytical framework to establish a...
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Predicting the Results of School Finance Adequacy Lawsuits

Zachary Lynn
All but one state constitution contains an adequacy clause, which holds the state to some minimum standard of education that must be provided. Typically, when citizens allege that a state is violating its constitutional duty to provide an adequate education, the dispute winds up in the courts. This study attempted to identify what, if any, political or institutional factors led to plaintiffs' victory in an adequacy lawsuit, and also examined whether there was any strategy...
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School Choice Overseas: Are Parents Citizens or Consumers?

Daekwon Park
Currently, some Korean parents are educating their children in primary and secondary schools in foreign countries even though Korean schools demonstrate high performance as confirmed by the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) Report. Using Hirschman's (1970) framework of "exit" and "voice," this study investigated characteristics of exiting parents and their reasons for educating their child(ren) in foreign schools. This study also examined the organizational, political and educational context of Korea, including the High School...
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The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: The Politics of Accountability and Building Civic Capacity in Four Schools in Maryland

Kenann Fondelle McKenzie-Thompson
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, a reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, ushered in a new level of accountability to all public schools that accept federal funding under this Act. Inclusive of requiring that schools meet adequately yearly progress (AYP), there is a set of recommendations in the legislation for building the capacity of the community to assist in school reform and success. This qualitative study examined four...
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Tipping in: School integration in gentrifying neighborhoods

Jennifer Burns Stillman
The purpose of this study is to examine the school choice process of Gentry Parents --white, middle and upper-middle class, highly-educated parents living in gentrifying neighborhoods -- to determine how, through the compounding effect of their many individual choices, a segregated urban school in a gentrifying neighborhood is able to transform into an integrated school, a process I call "tipping in." This study uses data from 52 formal interviews of Gentry Parents in three different...
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Ambient combustion by-product exposures and exhaled biomarkers of airway inflammation and oxidative stress

Maria Jose Rosa
Introduction: Numerous studies have found associations between exposure to airborne particulate matter and respiratory morbidity and mortality. However, the varying composition, dependant on the different sources of particulate matter, and its effect on processes of inflammation and oxidative stress in the airways has not been completely elucidated. The use of airway biomarkers, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) and exhaled breath condensate (EBC), can provide valuable insight into processes of inflammation and oxidative stress in the...
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Quantifying Application Behavior Space for Detection and Self-Healing

Michael E. Locasto, Angelos Stavrou, Gabriela F. Cretu, Angelos D. Keromytis & Salvatore Stolfo
The increasing sophistication of software attacks has created the need for increasingly finer-grained intrusion and anomaly detection systems, both at the network and the host level. We believe that the next generation of defense mechanisms will require a much more detailed dynamic analysis of application behavior than is currently done. We also note that the same type of behavior analysis is needed by the current embryonic attempts at self-healing systems. Because such mechanisms are currently...
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Defense Mechanisms

Jagdish N. Bhagwati
Presents a letter to the editor referencing the article "The Nefarious East," published in the September 24 issue of this periodical.
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Trade, Balance of Payments and Growth

Jagdish N. Bhagwati, Richard Lecomber, Ronald W. Jones, Robert A. Mundell & Jaroslav Vanek
Reviews the book Trade, Balance of Payments and Growth, edited by J. Bhagwati, R.W. Jones, R.A. Mundell and J. Vanek.
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Factors associated with loss to clinic among HIV patients not yet known to be eligible for antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Mozambique

Ritupama Pati, Maria Lahuerta Sanau, Batya O. Elul, Mie Okamura, Maria Fernanda Alvim, Bruce Schackman, Heejung Bang, Rufino Fernandes, Americo Assan, Josue Lima & Denis Nash
Introduction: Retention in HIV care prior to ART initiation is generally felt to be suboptimal, but has not been wellcharacterized. Methods: We examined data on 37,352 adult pre-ART patients (ART ineligible or unknown eligibility) who enrolled in care during 2005-2008 with > 1 clinical visit at 23 clinics in Mozambique.We defined loss to clinic (LTC) as > 12 months since the last visit among those not known to have died/transferred. Cox proportional-hazards models were used...
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Toward a Reconstruction of Keynesian Economics: Expectations and Constrained Equilibria

Joseph E. Stiglitz & J. Peter Neary
A two-period model of temporary equilibrium with rationing is presented, paying particular attention to agents' expectations of future constraints. It is shown that with arbitrary constraint expectations many different types of current equilibrium may be consistent with the same set of (current and expected future) wanes and prices, and that constraint expectations exhibit 'bootstraps' properties (e.g., a higher expectation of Keynesian unemployment tomorrow increases the probability that it will prevail today). In addition, the concept...
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Tradition, Change and the Weilongwu Compound: Kinship, State and Local Elites in Southeastern China

Yixin Li
Based on the author's long term fieldwork from 2005 to 2008 in Qiaoxiang, a rural Hakka community in Xingning County, Guangdong Province, Southeastern China, this dissertation examines how the revival of tradition in contemporary China can be understood through the dynamic interaction and negotiation among state, villagers and local elites. This ethnography describes the history and reality of tumultuous social change in the community, especially in Maoist and post-Maoist times, and shows how the villagers...
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The Scientific Method in Practice: Reproducibility in the Computational Sciences

Victoria C. Stodden
Since the 1660's the scientific method has included reproducibility as a mainstay in its effort to root error from scientific discovery. With the explosive growth of digitization in scientific research and communication, it is easier than ever to satisfy this requirement. In computational research experimental details and methods can be recorded in code and scripts, data is digital, papers are frequently online, and the result is the potential for "really reproducible research." Imagine the ability...
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Schoepfung und Befreiung. Sozialgeschichtliche Bibelauslegung zu Gen 8,18-22

Brigitte W. Kahl
Es gibt wenige Stellen in der Bibel, an denen Gerechtigkeit, Frieden und Bewahrung der Schöpfung so bildhaft-elementar miteinander verknüpft sind wie in der Erzählung von der Arche. Ein Jahr lang habensie ohne Blutvergießen unter einem gemeinsamen Dach gewohnt, Noahs Familie und die gesamte zoologische Artenvielfalt (8, 19), die Fische ausgenommen. Kein Tier und kein Mensch mußte töten, um sich am Leben zu halten. Zwölf Monate, in denen die Wölfe bei den Lämmern gewohnt haben, das...
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Sequence-based prediction of permissive stretches for internal protein tagging and knockdown

Sabine Oesterle, Tania M. Roberts, Lukas A. Widmer, Harun Mustafa, Sven Panke & Sonja Billerbeck
Background: Internal tagging of proteins by inserting small functional peptides into surface accessible permissive sites has proven to be an indispensable tool for basic and applied science. Permissive sites are typically identified by transposon mutagenesis on a case-by-case basis, limiting scalability and their exploitation as a system-wide protein engineering tool. Methods: We developed an apporach for predicting permissive stretches (PSs) in proteins based on the identification of length-variable regions (regions containing indels) in homologous proteins....
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Wars Within Wars: Understanding Inter-rebel Fighting

Costantino Pischedda
Why do rebel groups frequently fight each other rather than cooperating against their common enemy – the state? This dissertation presents a theory of inter-rebel war and tests it with a combination of case studies and statistical analysis. The theory conceives of inter-rebel war as a calculated response by rebel groups to opportunities for expansion and threats generated by the civil war environment in which they operate. Insurgent organizations attack weaker coethnic groups when government...
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  • 2017
    14,466

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  • Text
    14,466