12,102 Works

Mensch - Maske - Tier. Zu den Entstehungsbedingungen der Karikatur

Simone Voegtle
Das Tier kann nicht nur auf eine lange und vielfältige Präsenz als Motiv der bildenden Kunst zurückblicken, sondern übte darüber hinaus einen grossen Einfluss auf die Darstellung der menschlichen Gestalt im antiken Griechenland aus. Dieser mehr oder weniger direkte Bezug zwischen der tierischen und der menschlichen Form zeigte sich vor allem in zwei Bereichen – der Maske und der Karikatur. Während im einen das Raubtiergesicht die Gestaltung früher griechischer Masken beeinflusste, griff der andere auf...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1075 : Honorius Augustodunensis, Speculum ecclesiae; Verses about virtues and vices; Mauritius de Sulliaco, Sermones

De Sulliaco Mauritius & Augustodunensis Honorius
This manuscript predominantly contains sermons. It begins (pp. 1–279) with the Speculum ecclesiae by Honorius Augustodunensis (around 1080 – 1150/1151). This is followed by 20 verses each on virtues and vices in Leonine hexameter (pp. 279–281), each followed by a brief explanation in prose. On the otherwise blank p. 282, there is a pen and ink drawing of the Apostle Paul. Following on pp. 283–411, there are the Sermones by Mauritius de Sulliaco (Maurice de...

Julie Paradis

Sylvie Tétreault
Sans résumé.

Fracking – Technologie mit Gefährdungspotential

Vanessa Rüegger, Jasmin Grossenbacher, Christa Isabelle Stünzi & Karl-Marc Wyss
Fracking-Vorhaben zur Gasförderung in der Schweiz sind nicht nur in Gesellschaft und Wissenschaft umstritten. Sie werfen auch bedeutende Rechtsfragen über die Nutzung des Untergrunds und zum Schutz der Umwelt, insbesondere dem Gewässerschutz, auf. Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht, welche rechtlichen Schutzpflichten dem Staat gegenüber möglichen Gefahren für das Trinkwasser durch Fracking-Vorhaben obliegen, ob und wie die Kantone und der Bund ihre Schutzpflichten gesetzlich konkretisiert haben und ob im Vergleich zu den grundrechtlichen Pflichten allenfalls Schutzdefizite bestehen....

Editorial

Sara Greco
We are excited to announce that, starting with this issue 17(1), our journal Studies in Communication Sciences (SComS) will be published Open Access on the HOPE platform of the Hauptbibliothek of the University of Zurich; you can access our new SComS at www.scoms.ch. HOPE refers to Hauptbibliothek Open Publishing Environment. Located in and managed by a Swiss academic institution, this platform provides full open access to SComS contents, with a strong commitment to a transparent...

«Compagna Chiang Ch’ing, le rivoluzioni tradiscono sempre, come i figli...». Mela o Della dialettica del Canone in Dacia Maraini.

Elvira Margherita Ghirlanda
Attraverso il dramma Mela di Dacia Maraini si intende riflettere sul difficile rapporto della scrittrice col canone (in questo caso, teatrale) e sulla funzione dialettica che in termini culturali esso può assumere. La pièce ha diversi livelli di lettura: l’azione in cui le protagoniste (la nonna Mela, la figlia Rosaria e la nipote Carmen) si confrontano; l’allegorizzazione delle loro dinamiche nella biografia di un personaggio, assente sulla scena, ma costante referente – Chiang Ch’ing, moglie...

Operations Research Methods for Optimization in Radiation Oncology

Matthias Ehrgott & Allen Holder
Operations Research has a successful tradition of applying mathematical analysis to a wide range of applications, and problems in Medical Physics have been popular over the last couple of decades. The original application was in the optimal design of the uence map for a radiotherapy treatment, a problem that has continued to receive attention. However, Operations Research has been applied to other clinical problems like patient scheduling, vault design, and image alignment. The overriding theme...

Dialogizität in der chinesischen und deutschen SMS-Kommunikation – eine kontrastive Studie

Susanne Günthner & Saskia Kriese
This article presents a dialogical approach to Chinese and German SMS communication. SMS- interactions have frequently been studied from a 'monological point of view', looking at single SMS-messages. In this article, we will develop a dialogically grounded perspective on the interactive dynamics and the social activities constructed in everyday SMS dialogues. Based on SMS data from Chinese and German students, we will argue that - even though production and reception of SMS messages are removed...

Human-Robot Interaction Based on Gaze Gestures for the Drone Teleoperation

Yu, Mingxin; Beijing Institute Of Technology, China, And Northeastern University, USA, Schmidt, David; Northeastern University, USA, Wang, Xiangzhou; Beijing Institute Of Technology, China, Lin, Yingzi; Northeastern University, USA & Wang, Yu; Beijing Institute Of Technology, China
Teleoperation has been widely used to perform tasks in dangerous and unreachable environments by replacing humans with controlled agents. The idea of human-robot interaction (HRI) is very important in teleoperation. Conventional HRI input devices include keyboard, mouse and joystick, etc. However, they are not suitable for handicapped users or people with disabilities. These devices also increase the mental workload of normal users due to simultaneous operation of multiple HRI input devices by hand. Hence, HRI...

«With a slip of the pen you». Amelia Rosselli e Boris Pasternak

Sara Sermini
Partendo dall’articolo su Boris Pasternak scritto da Amelia Rosselli nel1966 e attraverso l’indagine delle edizioni del poeta russo conservate presso labiblioteca della poetessa, mi propongo in questo breve scritto di studiare i motiviletterari e politici della vicinanza di Amelia Rosselli all’opera di Boris Pasternak.

Abgeltung ungedeckter Kosten im regionalen Personenverkehr unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Konzernstrukturen

Goran Seferovic & Andreas Abegg
Die Linien des regionalen Personenverkehrs auf der Strasse werden von staatlichen Unternehmen wie der PostAuto AG und privaten Unternehmen betrieben. Bund und Kantone gelten den Unternehmen jeweils die prognostizierten ungedeckten Kosten ab. Der Begriff der ungedeckten Kosten ist jedoch umstritten, was für Transportunternehmen und insbesondere für solche in Konzernstrukturen zu Rechtsunsicherheit führt. Die Meinung, Leistungen dürften lediglich nach Aufwand und ohne marktübliche Gewinnzuschläge verrechnet werden, steht denn auch mit grundsätzlichen Bestimmungen des Gesellschaftsrechts im Widerspruch...

Validation des connaissances et des compétences avancées des ergothérapeutes en thérapie de la main : une étude exploratoire

Valérie Poulin, Mélissa Laliberté, Georges-Emmanuel Salib & Martine Brousseau
Introduction. Les lésions musculo-squelettiques à la main et au poignet représentent des défis majeurs pour l’organisation des services de thérapie de la main. L’un d’entre eux concerne les importants délais d’attente pour obtenir une première consultation par des médecins spécialistes. Une solution à ces défis passe par le développement des connaissances et des compétences avancées des professionnels, dans le but d’organiser différemment les services de thérapie de la main. Ces connaissances et habiletés dépassent les...

Communicating seduction. Luxury fashion advertisements in video campaigns

Paula Von Wachenfeldt
This study examines the different themes of communication that take place in video ad campaigns deriving from the French luxury fashion houses Louis Vuitton, Dior, Chanel, Cartier and Hermès. By using semiology as a method we were able to recognize the themes of adventure, seduction, love and play in the videos. This study explores also how the myth becomes an important meaning-maker of the luxury commodity and fills it with sensations and pleasure. Unlike all...

What I say is who I am? Anmerkungen zu # 6 – Queer Sells von White on White

Johannes Kup
Wie gelingt es weißen Subjekten, ihre Hegemonie auf den Spielwiesen und Kampffeldern des Globalen immer wieder zu behaupten? Der Berliner Regisseur Johannes Schmit und der Malmöer Schauspieler Iggy Malmborg, die sich als Performanceduo White on White bereits seit einigen Jahren mit Aspekten der Critical-Whiteness-Forschung befassen, stellen sich diese Frage ganz konkret – nämlich in Bezug auf sich selbst: Wie kann ein weißes, männliches Künstlerduo auf dem heutigen Kunst- und Theatermarkt noch bestehen, auf dem diese...

L’‘espace’ letterario in "Stella mattutina" di Ada Negri

Lucia Vedovi
In 1920, Ada Negri announced the publication of her Buildungsroman "Stella mattutina" with the following words: «"Stella mattutina" è la storia interiore della mia vita dai sette ai diciassette anni, in terza persona. Vi ho scolpito la figura di mia madre». By combining Julia Kristeva’s theoretical conclusions on semiotic, as expressed in "Revolution in Poetic Language" (1984) and "Language – the Unknown: an Initiation into Linguistics" (1989), and Johanna Drucker’s concept of 'espace', as formulated...

Relational database of treatment planning system information

Michael Eugene Kantor, Peter Balter & George Starkschall
The purpose of the present work was to develop a relational database and associated applications to facilitate retrospective review of data present in radiation treatment plans. The data source was a commercial radiation treatment planning system (Pinnacle3, Philips Medical Systems, Milpitas CA), which is specifically characterized by an open data storage format and internal scripting capability. The database is an open-source, relational database (PostgreSQL, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, http://www.postgresql.org). The data is presented through a...

Measuring language attitudes. The case of Trasianka in Belarus

Natallia Sender
stems from agriculture describing a 'mixed fodder of poor quality'. Language attitudes towards this variety have hardly been examined thus far. In a recent study based on the matched-guise technique, 227 Belarusian adolescents listened to and evaluated a female speaker reading the same text in Russian, Belarusian and Trasianka. When the speaker used Trasianka, she was given low ratings by test participants in matters of socio-structural issues such as profession and education. Regarding competence, the...

The effect of expertise in music reading: cross-modal competence

Drai-Zerbib, Véronique; University Of Pierre & Marie Curie, Paris, France & Baccino, Thierry; University Of Paris 8, France
We hypothesize that the fundamental difference between expert and learner musicians is the capacity to efficiently integrate cross-modal information. This capacity might be an index of an expert memory using both auditory and visual cues built during many years of learning and extensive practice. Investigating this issue through an eye-tracking experiment, two groups of musicians, experts and non-experts, were required to report whether a fragment of classical music, successively displayed both auditorily and visually on...

Weisungen bei bedingtem Strafvollzug und deren Verhältnis zu Massnahmen

Luca Ranzoni
Strafrechtliche Weisungen im Zusammenhang mit bedingten Strafen bieten selten Anlass zur Diskussion. Sie sind seit jeher präsent, unbemerkt, fast vergessen. Dass das Weisungsinstitut von einem theoretischen Standpunkt nicht hinreichend durchdacht ist, zeigt sich an verschiedenen Stellen, nicht zuletzt in der oft unklaren Abgrenzung zu strafrechtlichen Massnahmen. Dieser Artikel soll einen Beitrag zur Klärung der Verhältnisse leisten.

Enrichir, dialoguer, déchiffrer, ou: de la justification de l'enseignement de la littérature au XXIe siècle

Jérôme David
Notre présent n’a plus de frontières aussi simples. Il présente une complexité que l’on peut pourtant encore apprivoiser dans l’interprétation des œuvres littéraires, pour autant que l’on réinscrive celles-ci dans la diversité des échanges culturels dont elles furent la résultante. Aborder un classique de la littérature française en soulignant ce qu’il doit aux cultures littéraires limitrophes ou lointaines, c’est rappeler le passé à sa richesse méconnue, étudier les causes et les effets des transferts culturels...

Quelques clés pour comprendre la science de l’occupation et son intérêt pour l’ergothérapie

Sylvie Meyer
La science de l'occupation est née il y a une trentaine d'années des efforts de Yerxa à l'Université de Californie du Sud (USC) aux États-Unis pour créer une discipline fondamentale dont l'objet d'étude est l'occupation et offrir un troisième cycle visant à former des chercheurs·euses dans cette nouvelle science. La finalité de la science de l'occupation est de produire des savoirs disciplinaires ou interdisciplinaires pour soutenir l'exercice de l'ergothérapie. Ses méthodes sont autant qualitatives que...

Fragmentary narrative reasoning. On the enthymematic structure of journalistic storytelling

Daniel Perrin & Marta Zampa
Journalists worldwide conceive of their work mostly as writing stories, because the narrative mode is extremely effective in delivering information to all social categories. Nonetheless, journalists hardly ever tell a whole story that complies with the criteria contemplated by narratology. Instead, they tell parts of a story and let the audience supply the rest, an operation made possible by the fact that narrative patterns are culturally shared by newswriters and their audiences. In this paper,...

Wellington 2013 – «Solo le storie sono capaci di colmare gli squarci del dolore. Solo le storie ci aiutano a sopravvivere»: Autobiographic Traces in the Narratives of Dacia Maraini

Alex Standen
La pubblicazione di "Bagheria" nel 1993 e di "La nave per Kobe" nel 2001 rappresenta per Dacia Maraini un grande passo verso il genere dell’autobiografia, e l'inizio di un più meditato passaggio in direzione dell’autorappresentazione, processo che continuerà in “La grande festa” (2011) e “Chiara di Assisi – Elogio della disobbedienza” (2013). Si tratta comunque di un genere con cui per Maraini è arduo confrontarsi, come ha già ammesso in passato. Questo saggio considera alcune...

Techniques and software tool for 3D multimodality medical image segmentation

Issam M. El Naqa, Joseph Deasy, Jie Zheng, Deshan Yang & Ahmad Nofal
The era of noninvasive diagnostic radiology and image-guided radiotherapy has witnessed burgeoning interest in applying different imaging modalities to stage and localize complex diseases such as atherosclerosis or cancer. It has been observed that using complementary information from multimodality images often significantly improves the robustness and accuracy of target volume definitions in radiotherapy treatment of cancer. In this work, we present techniques and an interactive software tool to support this new framework for 3D multimodality...

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