8,536 Works

Pathways fostering mobility to higher education for vulnerable immigrants in France, Switzerland and Canada

Jake Murdoch, Christian Imdorf, Thomas Meyer, Christine Guégnard, Maarten Koomen & Canisius Kamanzi
In this article we wish to clarify not only if, but also how – through which institutional settings – higher education (HE) is accessed by students from vulnerable immigrant groups in France, Switzerland and Canada. We are interested in the possible educational mobility that immigrant youths can experience arising from country-specific educational policies designed to increase the enrolment in HE, particularly the flow from upper-secondary vocational educational tracks to HE ones. We analyse using panel...

Genome-wide association study and heritability estimate for ectopic ureters in Entlebucher mountain dogs.

I Reichler, M Gallana, Gaudenz Dolf, C Schelling, J Sölkner, Y T Utsunomiya, R B Pintor Torrecilha, Vidhya Jagannathan, Tosso Leeb & A-K Falbo
An ectopic ureter is a congenital anomaly which may lead to urinary incontinence and without a surgical intervention even to end-stage kidney disease. A genetic component contributes to the development of this anomaly in Entlebucher mountain dogs (EMD); however, its nature remains unclear. Using the Illumina CanineHD bead chip, a case-control genome-wide association study was performed to identify SNPs associated with the trait. Six loci on canine chromosomes 3, 17, 27 and 30 were identified...

Reliability and stability of lucid dream and nightmare frequency scales

Michael Schredl, Daniel Erlacher & Tadas Stumbrys
Lucid dream and nightmare frequencies vary greatly between individuals and to assess these differences reliable instruments are needed. The present study aimed to examine the reliability of eight-point scales for measuring lucid dream and nightmare frequencies. The scales were administered twice (with a four-week interval) to 93 sport students. A re-test reliability for the lucid dream frequency was found r=.89 (p<.001) and for the nightmare frequency r=.75 (p<.001). Both eight-point scales appear to be reliable...

Coexisting narcolepsy (with and without cataplexy) and multiple sclerosis

Michael Oberholzer, Rolf Fronczek, Ulf Kallweit, Claudio Bassetti, Gert Jan Lammers, Matthias Strub & Mathieu Béguin

Scale hierarchies and string phenomenology

Ignatios Antoniadis
I describe the phenomenology of a model of supersymmetry breaking in the presence of a tiny (tuneable) positive cosmological constant. It utilises a single chiral multiplet with a gauged shift symmetry, that can be identified with the string dilaton (or an appropriate compactification mod- ulus). The model is coupled to the MSSM, leading to calculable soft supersymmetry breaking masses and a distinct low energy phenomenology that allows to differentiate it from other models of supersymmetry...

Antimicrobial Usage and -Resistance in Livestock: Where Should We Focus?

Gertraud Schüpbach, Luis Pedro Gomes Do Carmo, Katharina D C Stärk & Ioannis Magouras

The Personality of Stealth Democrats: How traits shape attitudes towards expert-based governments

Maya Ackermann, Kathrin Ackermann & Markus Freitag
While some scholars call for mechanisms to give citizens a greater voice in politics, others critically question the demand for more citizen participation. Rather, they find that the people do not want to be involved in politics and prefer independent experts to make political decisions. This perspective is captured by Hibbing and Theiss-Morse in their concept of stealth democracy. They describe stealth democrats as people who think that political debates are unnecessary or who naturally...

Career engagement: Investigating intraindividual predictors of weekly fluctuations in proactive career behaviors

Philipp Alexander Freund & Andreas Hirschi
The present study applies a micro‐level perspective on how within‐individual differenc motivational and social‐cognitive factors affect the weekly fluctuations of engageme proactive career behaviors among a group of 67 German university students. Career efficacy beliefs, perceived career barriers, experienced social career support, positive negative emotions, and career engagement were assessed weekly for 13 consecutive w Hierarchical linear regression analyses showed that above‐average levels of career engage within individuals were predicted by higher than average perceived...

Chronic hepatitis B virus monoinfection at a university hospital in Zambia.

Bright Nsokolo, Michael W Fried, Joseph Mulenga, Mutinta Muchimba, Michael S Saag, Roma Chilengi, Paul Kelly, Edford Sinkala, Graham Foster, Tina Chisenga, Debika Bhattacharya, Michael J Vinikoor, Annie Kanunga & Gilles Wandeler
AIM To characterize antiviral therapy eligibility among hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected adults at a university hospital in Zambia. METHODS Hepatitis B surface antigen-positive adults ( = 160) who were HIV-negative and referred to the hospital after a routine or clinically-driven HBV test were enrolled. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), platelet count, hepatitis B e-antigen, and HBV DNA were measured. Liver fibrosis/cirrhosis was assessed by physical examination, AST-to-platelet ratio index, and transient elastography. In antiviral...

Measuring functional, interactive and critical health literacy of Chinese secondary school students: reliable, valid and feasible?

Elise Davis, Rebecca Armstrong, Thomas Abel, Xiaoming Yu, Lucio Naccarella, Shuaijun Guo, Yanqin Shi & Geoffrey Browne
Health literacy is an increasingly important topic in the global context. In mainland China, health literacy measures mainly focus on health knowledge and practices or on the functional domain for adolescents. However, little is known about interactive and critical domains. This study aimed to adopt a skills-based and three-domain (functional, interactive and critical) instrument to measure health literacy in Chinese adolescents and to examine the status and determinants of each domain. Using a systematic review,...

[Therapeutic management of blunt testicular trauma].

Felix Roman Moltzahn, Benjamin Lyttwin & George Thalmann
Testicular trauma is a rare emergency. While penetrating injuries need surgical revision, blunt injuries may be treated conservatively. However, in case of testicular rupture early surgical intervention increases the chance of testicular preservation. Therefore, a meticulous urological diagnosis is important to avoid complications and to reduce rates of secondary orchiectomy.

Colloids for Catalysts: A Concept for the Preparation of Superior Catalysts of Industrial Relevance

Masanori Inaba, Tanja Wannmacher, Sara Neumann, Francesco Bizzotto, Alessandro Zana, Jan Bucher, Luise Theil Kuhn, Jonathan Quinson, Sebastian Kunz, Laura Kacenauskaite, Søren B. Simonsen, Dajana Bujak & Matthias Arenz
Compared to conventional preparation methods for supported heterogeneous catalysts, the use of colloidal nanoparticles (NPs) allows for a precise control over size, size distribution, and distribution/location of the NPs on the support. However, common colloidal syntheses have restrictions that limit their applicability for industrial catalyst preparation. We present a simple, surfactant‐free, and scalable preparation method for colloidal NPs to overcome these restrictions. We demonstrate how precious‐metal NPs are prepared in alkaline methanol, how the particle...

J (Si,H) Coupling Constants of Activated Si–H Bonds

Fabio Montisci, Piero Macchi, Marcel Kalter, Dominik Schmitz, Klaus Eichele, Nicola P. M. Casati, Kilian Batke, Georg Eickerling, Klaus Ruhland, José E. Barquera-Lozada, Andreas Fischer, Wolfgang Scherer & Petra Meixner

Comparative analysis of full-length antigen II/3 from Echinococcus multilocularis and E. granulosus.

R Felleisen & Bruno Gottstein
The recombinant Echinococcus multilocularis antigen II/3-10 is one of the most promising tools for immunodiagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis in human patients. Its nucleic acid sequence represents a part of the E. multilocularis gene encoding the metacestode antigen II/3, the former being basically present and expressed in both E. multilocularis and E. granulosus. Most (94%) patients with alveolar echinococcosis respond to infection with a marked anti-II/3-10 IgG synthesis; in contrast, most of the cystic echinococcosis patients...

New developments in the area of factor XIII

Verena Schroeder & Hans Peter Kohler
To cite this article: Schroeder V, Kohler HP. New developments in the area of factor XIII. J Thromb Haemost 2013; 11: 234-44. Summary. Coagulation factor (F)XIII is best known for its role in fibrin stabilization and cross-linking of antifibrinolytic proteins to the fibrin clot. From patients with congenital FXIII deficiency, it is known that FXIII also has important functions in wound healing and maintaining pregnancy. Over the last decade more and more research groups with...

Canine distemper virus envelope protein interactions modulated by hydrophobic residues in the fusion protein globular head.

Lisa Alves, Nadine Ader-Ebert, Philippe Plattet, Richard K Plemper, Mojtaba Khosravi, Fanny Anne Bringolf, Mislay Avila Sanchez & Andreas Zurbriggen
Membrane fusion for morbillivirus cell entry relies on critical interactions between the viral fusion (F) and attachment (H) envelope glycoproteins. Through extensive mutagenesis of an F cavity recently proposed to contribute to F's interaction with the H protein, we identified two neighboring hydrophobic residues responsible for severe F-to-H binding and fusion-triggering deficiencies when they were mutated in combination. Since both residues reside on one side of the F cavity, the data suggest that H binds...

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