6,634 Works

Operations Research Methods for Optimization in Radiation Oncology

Matthias Ehrgott & Allen Holder
Operations Research has a successful tradition of applying mathematical analysis to a wide range of applications, and problems in Medical Physics have been popular over the last couple of decades. The original application was in the optimal design of the uence map for a radiotherapy treatment, a problem that has continued to receive attention. However, Operations Research has been applied to other clinical problems like patient scheduling, vault design, and image alignment. The overriding theme...

Salienz und System

Manfred Michael Glauninger
The object of investigation in this paper is the linguistic conception of salience by focusing its still predominantly essentialistic, only in modest approaches constructivistic, modelling. This indicates one of the most basic methodological desiderata of linguistics: the discussion and revision of its systemic foundation. Therefore, the aim of this article is to initiate a decidedly constructivist discussion of linguistic salience, and its adaption and transformation, respectively. This could result in an exponentiated connectivity of (post-)modern...

A Rational Informatics-enabled approach to Standardised Nomenclature of Contours and Volumes in Radiation Oncology Planning

Alexis Andrew Miller
The standardising of nomenclature in the radiotherapy planning process has deep implications for the abilityof the profession to examine the adequacy of construction of radiotherapy plans in outcomes research, particularly in relation to disease control and toxicity generation. This paper proposes an interim standardisednomenclature which can be used by any institution as a template for a mappable local standard.The nomenclature is systematically constructed using the Foundational Model of Anatomy, ICRU Report 50 and ICRU report...

Saffo tra poesia e leggenda. Fortuna di un personaggio nei secoli XVIII e XIX, a cura di Adriana Chemello, Padova, Il Poligrafo, 2012, pp. 353

Luca Piantoni
The review discusses "Saffo tra poesia e leggenda. Fortuna di un personaggio nei secoli XVIII-XIX", edited by Adriana Chemello (Padova, Il Poligrafo, 2012, pp. 353). The volume is an anthology of texts that are accompanied by critical commentaries and a historical, critical and philological introduction. The anthologised texts are "Saffo" by Maria Fortuna (1776, with commentary by Salvatore Puggioni), "Faoniade" by Vincenzo Maria Imperiale (1780, with commentary by Francesca Favaro), "Vita di Saffo" by Bianca...

RadOnc: An R Package for Analysis of Dose-Volume Histogram and Three-Dimensional Structural Data

Reid F. Thompson
Purpose/Objectives: Dose volume histogram (DVH) data are generally analyzed within the context of a treatment planning system (TPS) on a per-patient basis, with evaluation of single-plan or comparative dose distributions. However, TPS software generally cannot perform simultaneous comparative dosimetry among a cohort of patients. The same limitations apply to parallel analyses of three-dimensional structures and other clinical data. Materials/Methods: We developed a suite of tools ("RadOnc" package) using R statistical software to better compare pooled...

Evidence for atmospheric carbon injection during the end-Permian extinction

P A Hochuli, W M Kurschner, D Ware, N Goudemand, H Bucher, G Roohi, E Schneebeli-Hermann, H Weissert, K Ur-Rehman & S M Bernasconi

Through-space interactions in enshroudedm-terphenylsilanes

Anthony Linden, Simon Duttwyler, Jay S Siegel, Kim K Baldridge & Paola Romanato

The Linguistics of Keyboard-to-screen Communication: A New Terminological Framework

Christa Dürscheid & Andreas H. Jucker
New forms of communication that have recently developed in the context of Web 2.0 make it necessary to reconsider some of the analytical tools of linguistic analysis. In the context of keyboard-to-screen communication (KSC), as we shall call it, a range of old dichotomies have become blurred or cease to be useful altogether, e. g. "asynchronous" versus "synchronous", "written" versus "spoken", "monologic" versus "dialogic", and in particular "text" versus "utterance". We propose alternative terminologies ("communicative...

What Constitutes a Unit of Analysis in Language?

Pernilla Danielsson
Over the last decade, the study of multi-word units has become increasingly popular and now these units seem to have reached a status where they cannot be ignored. This paper should be seen as a recapituation of the discussion around multi-word units, especially focusing on corpus evidence of such units and what is perceived to be relevant findings. An unsupervised method for extracting multi-word units from corpora is presented and the findings examined. However, rather...

Discovering the prehistory of multilingual situations in the lexicon. An empirical study on the Caucasian Urum vocabulary

Veronika Ries, Kristin Nahrmann, Stavros Skopeteas & Emrah Turan
Multilingual situations are reflected in the lexicon; by consequence, lexical borrowings are powerful evidence for language contact in the prehistory of linguistic communities. This article presents an empirical study on the lexical knowledge of Caucasian Urum speakers, i. e., ethnic Greek speakers in the Small Caucasus, who are bilingual in a variety of Turkish (Urum) and Russian. The analysis is based on the established assumption that certain concepts are cross-linguistically associated with a certain likelihood...

Sprachliche Gleichbehandlung von Frau und Mann: Eine korpusgestützte Untersuchung über den Sprachwandel in der Schweiz

Daniel Elmiger
The use of designations used for men and women has been discussed in German (as well as in other languages) very controversally since the seventies. Language use has been challenged by feminist linguists and some propositions have been supported by various regulatory interventions. In German, the most critical issue – the avoidance of generically used masculine forms – has been documented quite thoroughly as regards the individual phenomena (creation and use of personal nouns, alternative...

"Imperfektibles" sprachliches Wissen. Theoretische Vorüberlegungen zu "sprachlichen Zweifelsfällen"

Gerd Antos
In linguistic cases of doubt a differentiation has to be made between the pragmatic reflections of language by laypersons (SZ 1) and the common 'extra-communicatice' reflections by linguists (SZ 2). These structural inhomogeneities of languages are based upon (e.g. ortho-graphic) variants, 'openings', so called 'language fluctuations' or some other irregular forms that have developed historically (SZ 2 = 'objective imperfectibility' of the linguistic system). On the other hand, the competence theoretical notion of 'linguistic doubt'...

PROsaiq: A Smart Device-Based and EMR-Integrated System for Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement in Routine Cancer Care

Alexis Andrew Miller & Thilo Schuler
The PROsaiq prototype, which is based on the use of smart devices, was developed to show the technical feasibility of a lean, low-cost ePRO system that integrated with the oncology information system MOSAIQ to provide the potential for benefits in routine patient care, and improved data for clinical research. The system was built with Free & Open Source Software and trialled for a limited number of assessments. The report describes the components used, the decisions...

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