742 Works

Vorbereitende Bedingungen von Sprechakten und mentale Räume

Enrique Huelva Unternbäumen
In this paper I shall analyze interaction sequences in which the interactants explicitly thematize and problematize whether the preparatory conditions of a speech act in a specific enunciation situation can be considered as satisfied or not. In these sequences the interaction develops an open, and consequently, observable contextualization process. In order to describe the dynamics of this process, central concepts and methods of Mental Space Theory will be applied. Contextualization will be characterized as a...

Having faith in the online voice. Exploring contemporary issues of trust, language and advice in the context of e-health

Elizabeth Sillence
The increasing volume of Internet based health resources means that decisions about how to trust information and advice encountered online become ever more complicated. As peer-to-peer experiences become a source of health information, lay people are required to evaluate the trustworthiness of such online personal accounts. In this paper, we present two contemporary studies of the negotiation of trust in e-health. The first study explores how people come to select a trustworthy voice from a...

Schwa-Elision und die Wortprosodie des Luxemburgischen

François Conrad
In the young Germanic language Luxembourgish schwa can be dropped in the context before (and sometimes after) a sonorant and following a stressed syllable, e. g. Elteren > Elt_ren ‘parents’. The present paper describes schwa deletion from three perspectives: (1) the influ-ence of speech rate (allegro vs. lento speech), (2) the influence of the segments adjacent to schwa and (3) the prosodic structure of words. The results of an empirical investigation with 15 native speakers...

Selbstgerechtigkeit – Selbstermächtigte Status-Degradierungszeremonien von Online-Petitionen bis zum Lynchen 2.0

Wolf-Andreas Liebert
An increasing lack of commitment and brutalization was observed due to the erosion of traditional communities in late modernism (cf. Duerr 1993; Sennet 1998). In Social Media, this is shown as an aggressive style (flaming) or as "hate speech" (cf. Butler 2013), increasingly in organized forms of ensembles of actors of aggression directed specifically against individuals. This libel and these hate acts underlie a complex practice which can be described with Harold Garfinkel's concept as...

"These forecasts may be substantially different from actual results." The use of epistemic modal markers in English and German original letters to shareholders and in English-German translations

Svenja Kranich & Andrea Bicsár
Letters to shareholders (i. e. the first part of a company's Annual Report) represent an interesting genre for the analysis of epistemic modal expressions. They serve the function to present a short overview of the company's main achievements as well as an outlook into the future. They additionally serve a more marketing-oriented goal: to inspire confidence in the company. Epistemic modal expressions (e. g. may, perhaps, probably) are used in texts for two main reasons:...

A Diachronic Approach to Web-Based Genres: The Case of the Personal Weblog

Peter Schildhauer
This study pursues two related aims: (1) It develops a diachronic approach to web-based genres and explores its potentials and limitations. (2) As a case in point, it uses the genre personal weblog, providing a diachronic description of both recurrent and changing features of the genre. It applies a mixed-methods approach that draws on historical sources and the DIABLOC, a diachronic blog corpus, which spans 15 years from 1997 to 2012 and includes also examples...

Die Schweizer Wenkersätze

Nadja Kakhro
Georg Wenker, a librarian and a specialist in German Studies of the Marburg University initiated the Linguistic Atlas of the German Language, having started a distribution of a questionnaire composed of sentences with the most striking phonetic and grammar features of the German language. He sent it to elementary teachers who were to translate Wenker's sentences to the dialects they spoke. As a result of responses, dialect borders of the German language were defined -...

Phraseografie und Korpusanalyse

Sören Stumpf
The following article gives an overview of the weak points in the lexicographical coverage of phrasemes. The main problem with previous phraseography is that the dictionary entries are not based on comprehensive corpus analyses of actual language use. Hence I make a case for a “corpus-based phraseography” (Steyer 2010) and in using selected examples, I demonstrate how a pragmatic approach that is focused on actual language use can help to improve the lemmatization of formulaic...

Die Paronomasie als werbestilistisches Element – Zur gefühlten Inflation einer rhetorischen Figur

Thomas Hartung
Paronomasias are as rhetorical figures of repetition intentional combinations of at least similar, at best, equal, semantically and/or etymology but different words, the similarity in sound and/or writing is justified. Given the inflation of "Wau, ist das günstig", "MyTaxi holt dich app", "Hörvorragende Angebote"… questioned the contribution the spoken power of this particular figure of advertisement speech. Basis is the theory that advertising language is as comprehensive "semiosis of linguistic, paralinguistic and extra-linguistic" (Fix 1996)...

Code-switching as appraisal resource in talking about third parties

Inke Du Bois & Nicole Baumgarten
This article explores the function of code-switching in talking about absent third parties. The basis for the investigation is a corpus of sociolinguistic individual and group interviews with German immigrants in the US and American immigrants in Germany. In these interviews, the interviewees are asked to recount their migration experiences and their lives before and after migration. For each individual speaker, the interviewer and – in the group interviews – the other participants in the...

Ein Beitrag zur Partikelanalyse - Beispiel: doch

Gabriele Graefen
Der deutsche Ausdruck doch dient als Beispiel, an dem Probleme der Wortart-Klassifikation verdeutlicht werden, die besonders die Ausdr*cke ohne lexikalische Bedeutung und ohne morphologische Merkmale betreffen. Die Partikel doch wird meist zumindest als Konjunktion, Adverb und Modalpartikel eingestuft, einige weitere Wortklassen werden diskutiert. Die aktuellen Tendenzen, solche Partikeln aufzuspalten und dadurch ihre Einheit zu zerstören, werden kritisiert. Ich gebe eine kurze Erklärung der grundlegenden Funktion von doch und zeige an authentischen Daten, wie konkrete Verwendungsfälle...

Vorwort/Editorial

Konstanze Jungbluth & Harald Weydt

Zur Semantik der Konjunktion als. Paradigmatische und syntagmatische Aspekte

Hardarik Blühdorn
This paper develops a theoretical model for the semantics of connectives, following central ideas of Reichenbachian tense semantics. In a first step, the terminological and conceptual framework is presented and illustrated with German da. The meaning of a connective is modeled as a four-place-relation between the situated object E, a reference object R, a discourse anchor S and the speaker O. The relata can belong to one of four different classes of entities: physical object,...

La synonymie du point de vue de la pensée linguistique de Coseriu : Étude sur un corpus slovène

Marina Zorman
Synonymy is a subject of research in various subfields of linguistics and related disciplines, each of these focussing on particular aspects of this phenomenon. Through the use of Coseriu's theory, it is possible to refine our understanding of 'expressions with the same or similar meaning' and to provide a coherent description of the causes and the effects arising from the choice between them in texts that may otherwise remain non-transparent and inexplicable. This paper presents...

Korpusbasierte Wörterbucharbeit mit den Daten des Projekts Deutscher Wortschatz

Uwe Quasthoff
The corpus project Deutscher Wortschatz (German Vocabulary) at Leipzig University is collecting and processing textual data for 15 years. It now consists of approx. 2 billion running words in 160 million sentences. The dictionary is online available at www.wortschatz.uni-leipzig.de and, moreover, contains word co-occurrence data. The pre-processing of the data used mainly language independent methods and were used for corpora in other languages, too. The paper describes the production process for three dictionaries for which...

L’extraction et la modélisation de patrons lexico-syntaxiques pour leur enseignement en FLE : un exemple à partir du verbe montrer

Sylvain Hatier & Rui Yan
This study focuses on scientific writing and aims at improving verbal patterns teaching for L2 learners. Using a French corpus of scientific articles in humanities and social sciences (Scientext), we have collected and modelized lexicosyntactic patterns for the verb montrer and two of its synonyms. We aim at extracting specific structures for those three semantically close verbs, assuming that their semantic proximity will also be revealed in similar syntactic properties. We thus create a set...

Dialekte im DaF-Unterricht? Ja, aber... Konturen eines Konzepts für den Aufbau einer rezeptiven Varietätenkompetenz

Thomas Studer
Sollen Dialekte im DaF-Unterricht berücksichtigt werden? Neuere Untersuchungen zu den Einstellungen gegenüber Varietäten des Deutschen bei DaF-Lehrenden und -Lernenden (z.B. Baßler / Spiekermann 2001) weisen darauf hin, dass bezüglich dieser Frage eine gewisse Verunsicherung besteht. Der vorliegende Beitrag reagiert auf diese Verunsicherung, indem er einen Orientierungsrahmen entwirft, der es erlaubt, den Dialekten im Unterricht positiv, aber reflektiert zu begegnen. Im Einzelnen werden folgende Fragen diskutiert: Wie lässt sich die Integration von Dialekten in den Unterricht...

Satzarten unterscheiden - Kann das der Computer? Syntaktische Explorationen anhand von COSMAS II

Anton Näf
Is the computer capable of recognizing different sentence types in a linguistic corpus such as COSMAS II (Mannheim), which has not been previously treated by a tagger or a parser? The answer is in fact no. However, in the present article it is shown that under certain circumstances an automatic distinction is nevertheless possible. Making use of a procedure that we have called Anfragezuspitzung (literally: making a query pointed; encirclement of a grammatical phenomenon by...

Rechtspopulistische Rhetorik revisited am Beispiel der FPÖ-Wahlkämpfe in den Jahren 2015 und 2016

Sabine Lehner
Right wing and far right parties have recently succeeded in many elections worldwide. The Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ), one of the most successful right-wing populist parties of Europe, has lately also enjoyed great popularity in regional and national elections. Norbert Hofer, the FPÖ-candidate, even made it to the run-offs of the presidential election in 2016. This paper draws on a discourse-analytical approach and investigates the discursive strategies implemented by the FPÖ during...

Dialogizität in der chinesischen und deutschen SMS-Kommunikation – eine kontrastive Studie

Susanne Günthner & Saskia Kriese
This article presents a dialogical approach to Chinese and German SMS communication. SMS- interactions have frequently been studied from a 'monological point of view', looking at single SMS-messages. In this article, we will develop a dialogically grounded perspective on the interactive dynamics and the social activities constructed in everyday SMS dialogues. Based on SMS data from Chinese and German students, we will argue that - even though production and reception of SMS messages are removed...

"Imperfektibles" sprachliches Wissen. Theoretische Vorüberlegungen zu "sprachlichen Zweifelsfällen"

Gerd Antos
In linguistic cases of doubt a differentiation has to be made between the pragmatic reflections of language by laypersons (SZ 1) and the common 'extra-communicatice' reflections by linguists (SZ 2). These structural inhomogeneities of languages are based upon (e.g. ortho-graphic) variants, 'openings', so called 'language fluctuations' or some other irregular forms that have developed historically (SZ 2 = 'objective imperfectibility' of the linguistic system). On the other hand, the competence theoretical notion of 'linguistic doubt'...

"Bei Tische halte ich mich unter". Language play in literary texts and using it in teaching German as a foreign language

Merle Jung
Language is not only a vehicle for transporting information, emotions or opinions, it is also a source for discoveries and experiments. Using literary texts including language play in foreign language teaching we can reach different goals: it develops the sensibility of the learners to the foreign language they are learning, it encourages them to use their creativity and fantasy in their own oral and written production, it helps them when learning specific language areas, e....

Zur interaktiven Aushandlung von Teilnehmerkategorien in interkultureller Kommunikation

Birte Asmuß
In intercultural communication, the training of intercultural competence is seen as one of the primary solutions to problems and misunderstandings arising in intercultural situations. Intercultural competence is based on the assumption that specific cultural based factors have a continuous influence on the communication. In this article it is argued for that this assumption can be a problematic one. Based on an analysis of authentic talk-in-interaction between two interlocutors from different nations it is shown that...

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