723 Works

Typing yourself healthy: Introduction to the special issue on language and health online

Franziska Thurnherr & Miriam A. Locher
This chapter functions as an introduction to the special issue on Language and Health Online, which features 10 original research papers. It reviews the results of the papers and the joint emerging themes: the impact of technical and social affordances of computer-mediated interaction; discovering an emic perspective of health issues, uncovering health ideologies, and the theme of patient empowerment; the construction of identities, the construction of shared experiences, and the use of narratives. The diverse...

Romanisierung als Schritt zur „Modernisierung” des Mazedonischen

Constantin-Ioan Mladin
This investigation aims to outline the contribution that Romanic languages had to the finalization of the configuration of the modern Macedonian language, both in terms of common language and of technical terms. More specifically, the paper aims: 1) to identify Romanic idioms that have influenced to some extent the Macedonian language, either indirectly (through another language such as French, Italian, Spanish, or Portuguese) or directly (through Romanian – Dacoromanian and Aromanian, or through Meglenoromanian); 2)...

Zur idiomatischen Komponente auffälliger kausativer Konstruktionen im Deutschen

Martine Dalmas & Laurent Gautier
This paper aims to analyze German caused-motion constructions such as jn aus dem Bett klingeln from both a phraseological and constructional perspective. Section 1 shows how the traditional definition of phraseologisms is nowadays challenged by new developments in construction grammar, especially within Goldberg’s framework. Section 2 focuses on the various possibilities existing in German to express causativity and proposes a continuum from mere morphological signs to the constructions under consideration here. Section 3 exemplifies the...

Kausalkonstruktionen mit Adjektiv im freien und fixierten Gebrauch

Sabine De Knop & Fabio Mollica
The study describes the semantic and conceptual variation of causal constructions with an adjective as they are realized in German, French and Italian. In the framework of Goldberg’s (cf. 1995 and 2006) Construction Grammar, it discusses some defining properties of the analyzed constructions, like the formal and semantic (non-)predictability and their possible phraseological status based on metonymy or metaphor. Several constructions can be identified which convey different meanings, i. e. causality and/or excessiveness. The instantiations...

Construction Grammar meets Phraseology: eine Standortbestimmung

Alexander Ziem

Forms of address and language ideologies: The case of a southwestern Nigerian university

Foluke O. Unuabonah
This paper examines the forms and functions of address terms employed among staff members and the language ideologies that inform the use of these address forms in a southwestern Nigerian university. The study is guided by Anchimbe’s (2011a) categorisation of address forms, and theories on language ideologies. The data are collected through participant-observation, oral and written interviews, and these are analysed qualitatively. The analysis reveals that forms of address used in the university include academic...

Das deutsche Kopulaverb sein und seine thailändischen Entsprechungen

Korakoch Attaviriyanupap
Although German and Thai are typologically different from each other, both languages do have copulative constructions. The verb sein is the most important copular verb in German. Thai does have literary equivalents for this German verb but they involve different verbs. However, only pen and khɯ: are usually considered as Thai copular verbs. This study aims to compare the German verb sein in copulative constructions with pen and khɯ:. The contrastive analysis is based on...

Prosody in Interaction

Pia Bergmann
Interactional approaches to prosody have seen an enormous growth in the last decades. One crucial assumption common to these approaches is that prosodic devices may serve as resources for structuring and organizing an interaction. Methodologically, interactionally informed research of prosody rests upon ethnomethodological conversation analysis and contextualization theory. In this paper, a case study of the Cologne German rising-falling intonation contour serves to illuminate the prevalent methods in the field. The results are discussed with...

Hub of medical expertise or medicalised conveyor-belt? Sharing meanings online on the hospital birth setting

Antoinette Fage-Butler
In 2014, the official risk advice in the UK regarding birth setting was altered given scientific evidence that for low-risk groups, home births are safer than hospital births. As hospital births were previously the de facto recommendation, and pregnant women in the UK now need to consider their birth setting options carefully, many go online, seeking advice about birth setting options from their peers. In this paper, I investigate how the hospital birth setting is...

Funktionswörter als Indikatoren für diskursspezifische Argumentationsstrukturen im printmedialen Diskurs über den fünften Sachstandsbericht des Weltklimarates

Nadine Kammermann
This study aims to explore how Swiss print media convey climate change to laypeople. Due to the subjects' complexity and scope, its mediation can result in difficulties. A corpus of articles on the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) provides an insight into discursive argumentation structures. Corpus-driven collected function word clusters enable to identify argumentative schemes in the media discourse. The qualitative analysis of these argumentative clusters reveals the significance of several actors, particularly administrative...

Visuelle Narration. Zum journalistischen Storytelling aus der Sicht der Medienlinguistik

Magdalena Makowska
From among many narrative forms used in the media, storytelling starts to occupy a more and more important place. Its essence constitutes the telling of a story which must be well understandable as well as easy to remember and retell. Storytelling is one of the best methods of awakening interest and focusing the recipient' attention. Owing to the adequate manner of tell-ing a story as well as its appropriate structuring particular needs are evoked in...

Affiliations Bd 93, 6/2018

Quelle collocation causative enseigner ? L’exemple des structures V causatif + N d’EMOTION

Monika Bak Sienkiewicz
This analysis is part of a group of studies on the combinatorial profile of nouns of emotion (Blumenthal 2002). Aligned with the syntactic pattern V + N in the cause and effect relationship (Nazarenko 2000), the aim of this study is to analyze the attraction between the causative verbs and the predicate nouns included in the nine emotions fields of the Emolex classification. The study of how these constructions function in the Emolex digital corpus...

À quelle langue accède l’apprenant ? Examen critique du traitement de l’oral dans les premières leçons de manuels de français langue étrangère pour débutants

Anick Giroud & Christian Surcouf
If one considers the recordings from textbooks of French as a foreign language, some typical spoken French phenomena appear not to reflect results provided by spoken French corpora. In order to have a better insight into this issue, we analyzed the recordings of the first three lessons of ten beginners’ textbooks (1982–2012). In this article, we examine /ə/ deletion (/ȝəvøləvwaʁ/ vs. /ȝvølvwaʁ/ ‘je veux le voir’), reduction from /ty/ to /t/ before vowel (/tyabitu/ vs...

Exploiter un travail de corpus sur la place de l’épithète pour élaborer une progression didactique en FLE

Marie-Armelle Camussi-Ni, Juliette Thuilier & Annick Coatéval
This paper sets out the convergence between two approaches – a theoretical one and an applied one – aiming to tackle the problem of attributive adjective position in French. We show how the results of a corpus study contribute to the understanding of the issues faced by traditional descriptions designed for learners of French as a foreign language. This reflection leads us to create a learning progression that aims to give learners the keys to...

Zur Verwendung nationaler Identitätskomponenten in der Unternehmenskommunikation – ein deutsch-dänischer Vergleich

Anne Grethe Julius Pedersen, Aase Voldgaard Larsen & Katrine Knudsen
How does globalization influence companies’ depiction of their national origin? In this study, we analyse and compare corporate websites of German and Danish companies related to the wind energy sector. Traditionally, Country of Origin (COO) has been used within certain industries with the purpose of achieving a competitive advantage. The wind energy sector is a relatively new sector with market potential worldwide. This situation has led us to investigate whether companies in this sector regard...

Zur Einführung

Erla Hallsteinsdóttir & Jörg Kilian

Wie kommen wir an die Bilder in unseren Köpfen? Zur Methodologie einer interkulturell anwendbaren Stereotypenerhebung

Rupprecht S. Baur & Stefan Ossenberg
SI.DE is an international research project at the University of Duisburg-Essen, which examines German, Russian, Turkish and Chinese auto- and heterostereotypes. Questioning for the study is made online and consists of two surveys; one survey based on stereotypes and a second based on the perception of each other’s foreign language. The questionnaire on stereotypes contains 140 attributes in total, while the respondents can select all of them without any limitation. The choice of these attributes...

„Man muss sich darauf einlassen, auf die dänische Mentalität“ – Funktionale Angemessenheit in der deutsch-dänischen interkulturellen Kommunikation

Katarina Le Müller & Erla Hallsteinsdóttir
This paper is based on results of the research project National stereotypes and marketing strategies in the intercultural Danish-German communication (SMiK). In the SMiK-project, we define stereotypes as linguistically and culturally determined patterns of thinking and behaving. Such patterns affect intercultural interactions and they should therefore be taken into consideration in the teaching of foreign languages and in intercultural communication. In the SMiK-project we have developed guidelines for the adequate intercultural interaction in the German-Danish...

Die mehrsprachige Universität und ihre Stereotype Einblicke in das Forschungsprojekt VAMUS

Marion Flach
Science and academic education are determined by discussion and scientific exchange across borders of both languages and countries. Consequently, universities can be understood as melting-pots: places where, traditionally, different forms of multilingualism are practiced. Academic staff, students, and administrative staff have different perceptions of multilingualism. Furthermore, they develop their specific and individual attitudes which are presumably influenced by traditions of the faculty or even the discipline. In this paper, I will present first findings of...

Sexy Danes, Tipsy Germans: The Use of Positive Cultural Stereotypes in Nation Branding Efforts

Julie K. Allen
While nation-branding campaigns have become a popular means for governments to attempt to improve their country’s standing on international indexes, such as the Anholt-Gfk Roper Nation Brand Index (NBI), the generally static ranking on such indexes suggests that national brands cannot simply be shaped by clever marketing campaigns. Instead, national brands rest on deeply rooted perceptions of a country’s character and identity, which often have much in common with popular stereotypes about the country. This...

Corpus-based analysis of the collocational profiles of the terms denoting the mentally challenged

Liana Markelova
The present study aims to trace the evolution of public attitude towards the mentally challenged by means of the corpus-based analysis. The raw data comes from the two of the BYU corpora: Global Web-Based English (GloWbE) and Corpus of Historical American English (COHA). The former is comprised of 1.8 million web pages from 20 English-speaking countries (Davies/Fuchs 2015: 1) and provides an opportunity to research at a cross-cultural level, whereas the latter, containing 400 million...

Index

Affiliation Bd. 81, Nr. 2 (2017)

Darstellung des Begriffs Toleranz im Deutschen und im Polnischen aus Frame-semantischer Perspektive

Karina Dudzik
The principal aim of this article is to create a cognitive holistic definition of ‘tolerance’ in Polish and in German based on the approach of the Frame Semantics according to Alexander Ziem (2008). The theory relies on the concept “frame”, understood as a cognitive structure facilitating the understanding of linguistic meaning. The semantic frame consists of “slots” and instances of slots, namely “default values” and “fillers”. The empirical material includes two types of data: selected...

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