67 Works

Die Figurativität der allgemeinen Wissenschaftssprache des Deutschen

Markus Rheindorf
Academic discourse relies on a common register that reaches across disciplinary boundaries. This so-called common language of academia includes terms denoting common objects and actions of academic work in the fields of knowing, understanding and learning, of perceiving and observing, of designing and devising as well as of writing and speaking in their many different forms. In German academic discourse, this common register is highly figurative, often creating problems in bilingual contexts as well as...

Exploiter un travail de corpus sur la place de l’épithète pour élaborer une progression didactique en FLE

Marie-Armelle Camussi-Ni, Juliette Thuilier & Annick Coatéval
This paper sets out the convergence between two approaches – a theoretical one and an applied one – aiming to tackle the problem of attributive adjective position in French. We show how the results of a corpus study contribute to the understanding of the issues faced by traditional descriptions designed for learners of French as a foreign language. This reflection leads us to create a learning progression that aims to give learners the keys to...

Du dictionnaire de fréquence au lexique pour les apprenant·e·s de FLE : l’exemple des adjectifs / noms communs de personnes

Alain Kamber & Daniel Elmiger
In French morphology, there is a certain proximity of categories and inflectional models between adjectives and nouns (e. g. responsable (adj.) – le/la responsable (noun)). This is hardly reflected in FLE textbooks (French as a foreign language), which tend to present the grammatical categories and inflectional paradigms separately. The topic of transcategorisation is investigated using a large electronic corpus (Corpus français Leipzig), which will be briefly described, as well as the frequency dictionary created on...

Quelle collocation causative enseigner ? L’exemple des structures V causatif + N d’EMOTION

Monika Bak Sienkiewicz
This analysis is part of a group of studies on the combinatorial profile of nouns of emotion (Blumenthal 2002). Aligned with the syntactic pattern V + N in the cause and effect relationship (Nazarenko 2000), the aim of this study is to analyze the attraction between the causative verbs and the predicate nouns included in the nine emotions fields of the Emolex classification. The study of how these constructions function in the Emolex digital corpus...

Éditorial

Maud Dubois & Alain Kamber

Zur Einführung

Erla Hallsteinsdóttir & Jörg Kilian

Stereotype in Webkorpora: Strategien zur Suche in sehr großen Datenmengen

Erla Hallsteinsdóttir & Uwe Quasthoff
Research on stereotypes (as well as on similar constructs such as prejudice, image, identity, etc.) goes back around a century. Most research on stereotypes belongs to the field of psychological, social and cultural studies, with a strong focus on cognitive and socio-cultural phenomena. Since Uta Quasthoff’s pioneering analysis in 1973, there have been several linguistic studies of stereotypes, i. e. on linguistic aspects of how stereotypes are realized in language use. Linguistic research on stereotypes...

Die heile Welt in der Werbung – Stereotype als Bestandteil von Werbestil

Martin Nielsen
Advertising is an area that has to rely heavily on reduced and simplified message content due to its often very short perception time or its high reception speed (cf. Kroeber-Riel et al. 2009). Therefore, advertising is a fertile field for investigating stereotypes whose reduced form of presentation serves a quicker orientation in an increasingly complex media society with stimulus overload (cf. Müller/Gelbrich 2014a). In this article, the principle of the “unspoiled world”, “Die heile Welt”,...

Deutsche und polnische Phraseologie und Parömiologie im Kontakt und Kontrast

Joanna Szczęk
Das vorliegende Themenheft versammelt Beiträge, in denen der aktuelle Forschungsstand im Bereich der deutsch-polnischen und polnisch-deutschen Phraseologie und Parömiologie präsentiert wird. Die Idee zu diesem Themenheft ergab sich aus dem großen Interesse, dessen sich kontrastive Untersuchungen im Bereich der Phraseologie und Parömiologie erfreuen. Die Leistungen und Forschungsergebnisse der polnischen Germanistik sind daher nicht zu übersehen, zumal hier große Verdienste im Bereich der Phraseographie, Phraseodidaktik und der Untersuchung von semantischen Feldern in der Phraseologie aus kontrastiver...

Attributive possession in 19th century Mauritian Creole

Andrei Avram
The paper examines the attributive possessive structures attested in 19th century Mauritian Creole. It is first shown that these include a construction with the preposition pou ‘for’, which has not been mentioned in the literature. The situation in Mauritian Creole is then compared to that in Seychelles Creole, a closely related variety. Also discussed are some of the more general implications of the findings.

Zwischen Abgrenzung und Faszination. Das nationalsozialistische Deutschland in populärkulturellen dänischen Darstellungen des Zweiten Weltkriegs

Katja Gorbahn
The paper discusses the presentation of Nazi Germany in products of current Danish popular culture. It analyzes and compares two different, but closely connected types of media: movies and popular history magazines. It is informed by a social identity approach and demonstrates that stereotypes with respect to Nazi Germany – such as technology and masculinity – are characterized by a specific tension between otherness and fascination. It argues that memory studies have to cope with...

Some characteristics of deverbal nominals in Slavic and Romance languages

Ivica Peša Matracki & Vinko Kovačić
In this paper we will investigate the nature of deverbal nominals across languages. Deverbal nouns are typically classified according to their word-formation model: affixation and conver-sion. Our study will compare the word formation of deverbal nominals in Slavic (Croatian, Slovenian and Polish) and Romance languages (Italian, French and Spanish) in order to show (i) that affixation corresponds to a specific mode of morphological operations and (ii) that the differences and similarities between deverbal nominals of...

L’extraction et la modélisation de patrons lexico-syntaxiques pour leur enseignement en FLE : un exemple à partir du verbe montrer

Sylvain Hatier & Rui Yan
This study focuses on scientific writing and aims at improving verbal patterns teaching for L2 learners. Using a French corpus of scientific articles in humanities and social sciences (Scientext), we have collected and modelized lexicosyntactic patterns for the verb montrer and two of its synonyms. We aim at extracting specific structures for those three semantically close verbs, assuming that their semantic proximity will also be revealed in similar syntactic properties. We thus create a set...

The Role of the Danish Language in Iceland

Auður Hauksdóttir
Due to the long-standing relationship between Denmark and Iceland, the Danish language has played a significant role in Iceland for a long time. With urbanisation in the 19th century, a relatively high number of Danes settled in Reykjavík and Danish language and culture which was highly different from the traditional Icelandic rural culture became predominant in the city. With a growing national consciousness, the use of Danish and Danish loanwords came to be regarded as...

Sexy Danes, Tipsy Germans: The Use of Positive Cultural Stereotypes in Nation Branding Efforts

Julie K. Allen
While nation-branding campaigns have become a popular means for governments to attempt to improve their country’s standing on international indexes, such as the Anholt-Gfk Roper Nation Brand Index (NBI), the generally static ranking on such indexes suggests that national brands cannot simply be shaped by clever marketing campaigns. Instead, national brands rest on deeply rooted perceptions of a country’s character and identity, which often have much in common with popular stereotypes about the country. This...

Jenseits von Assimilation und Multikultur? Herausforderungen migrationspolitischer Bildung in Deutschland

Andreas Lutter
Political Education aims at reflecting and framing the dynamics of social change in migratory societies, which are subject of controversial public discussion, in order to foster the political literacy of citizens. The main objective is the empowerment towards responsible participation and formative democratic capacity in a societal reality noticeably shaped by interculturality and ambiguity. Using the example of Germany this article outlines the academic discourse on societal change as a subject area and learning environment...

Deutsch-dänische Stereotypenwelten im SMiK-Projekt

Erla Hallsteinsdóttir & Annika Hofmann
In this paper, we will first present the current state of research regarding stereotypes and ideas of Germans and Danes about each other. This paper will then display research approaches of the SMiK-project. In the second half of the paper, the results of the questionnaire survey “Typically German – typically Danish” which reveal current German-Danish stereotypes will be presented. Last but not least, this paper includes a study of stereotypes that are used on German-Danish...

Die Manifestierung von Geschlechterstereotypen in Metaphern der deutschen Jugendsprache

Oksana Khrystenko
The article considers gender-based substandard metaphors with stereotypical background in the German youth language. The aim of the publication is to highlight the peculiarities in metaphorical representation of males/females relating to their appearance, character, behavioral and intellectual characteristics. The substandard metaphors with a reference to male/female correlate with the conceptual metaphors grounded in sensory-motor experience. It can be concluded that the metaphors in the youth language verbalize gender stereotypes existing in society. The substandard metaphors...

Homophonie et maîtrise du français écrit : apport de l’apprentissage sur corpus

Henry Tyne & Maï Leray
Mastery of spelling in L1 French is notoriously complex, in particular due to morphographic difficulties and grammatical homophony. This study investigates the use of data-driven learning in French primary schools for the homophonous set /sE/ (c’est, s’est, ces, ses, sais/t). The results show that whereas initially there is no difference in comparison to traditional teaching (i.e. following pre-test, fewer errors are made in general at the time of learning by both experimental and control groups),...

Fremdsprachendidaktik anhand von Literatur: Reflexion über Stereotype

Gesa Singer
Stereotypes are often based on concepts of mentalities and ‘images of the self’ and the ‘other’. This is the way they appear in language. In modern didactics of foreign language the focus is mostly set on cultural contrast. Meanwhile a more profound analysis and reflexion on stereotypes is lacking. This piece of work intends to illustrate, based on practical examples (in German as a foreign language), how the use of literature can contribute to a...

Pour un enseignement systématique des marqueurs discursifs à l’aide de corpus en classe de FLE : l’exemple des marqueurs de reformulation

Thi Thu Hoai Tran, Cristelle Cavalla & Agnès Tutin
This article focuses on the role of corpus in language classroom, a tool that allows to identify syntactic and semantic properties of discourse markers that are not discussed in traditional grammar books. The use of the corpus could assist French Foreign Language learners to be familiar with a new kind of academic writing. This raises questions about the methodology of teaching/learning of discourse markers that we try to address in this paper.

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