67 Works

Quelle collocation causative enseigner ? L’exemple des structures V causatif + N d’EMOTION

Monika Bak Sienkiewicz
This analysis is part of a group of studies on the combinatorial profile of nouns of emotion (Blumenthal 2002). Aligned with the syntactic pattern V + N in the cause and effect relationship (Nazarenko 2000), the aim of this study is to analyze the attraction between the causative verbs and the predicate nouns included in the nine emotions fields of the Emolex classification. The study of how these constructions function in the Emolex digital corpus...

À quelle langue accède l’apprenant ? Examen critique du traitement de l’oral dans les premières leçons de manuels de français langue étrangère pour débutants

Anick Giroud & Christian Surcouf
If one considers the recordings from textbooks of French as a foreign language, some typical spoken French phenomena appear not to reflect results provided by spoken French corpora. In order to have a better insight into this issue, we analyzed the recordings of the first three lessons of ten beginners’ textbooks (1982–2012). In this article, we examine /ə/ deletion (/ȝəvøləvwaʁ/ vs. /ȝvølvwaʁ/ ‘je veux le voir’), reduction from /ty/ to /t/ before vowel (/tyabitu/ vs...

Exploiter un travail de corpus sur la place de l’épithète pour élaborer une progression didactique en FLE

Marie-Armelle Camussi-Ni, Juliette Thuilier & Annick Coatéval
This paper sets out the convergence between two approaches – a theoretical one and an applied one – aiming to tackle the problem of attributive adjective position in French. We show how the results of a corpus study contribute to the understanding of the issues faced by traditional descriptions designed for learners of French as a foreign language. This reflection leads us to create a learning progression that aims to give learners the keys to...

Les mécanismes de construction de mots en godié, langue kru de Côte D'Ivoire

Damanan N'dré
This article analyzes the mechanisms of word building in Godié, a Kru language spoken in Côte d’Ivoire. Two processes underly these mechanisms: morphological and syntactic methods. Morphological processes refer to constructed words and syntactic processes refer to lexicalized syntactic sequences. At the morphological level, are generated by the constructed word by suffix and words constructed by juxtaposing two or three tokens. The language has three verbal derivative suffixes. These are -lɩ, -nö and -mà. There...

Der wissenschaftliche Artikel in der germanistischen Linguistik als Modell für den Unterricht wissenschaftlichen Schreibens: Ergebnisse einer Pilotstudie

Birgit Huemer
Similar structures in research articles of different disciplines indicate that the research article can be qualified as a genre across disciplinary borders. In spite of these structural similarities, which are constitutive for a genre, there are linguistic varieties that can be found in research articles of several disciplines relevant to be pointed out when teaching academic writing at the university. Little research has been conducted so far on linguistic varieties within subcategories of a discipline,...

Das Signalisieren von Kohärenzstrukturen in deutschsprachigen wissenschaftlichen Texten

Helmut Gruber
This paper discusses the relation between newer approaches of intercultural rhetoric research (and specifically its distinction between “big” and “small” cultures) and the academic literacies approach which assumes that local institutional and individual biographic factors influence decisively the development of an individual academic writing competence. Based on this discussion it claims that the “research article” does not constitute a single genre but rather a genre colony consisting of members (genres) which differ according to linguistic,...

Zitationspraxen in deutschsprachigen Fachaufsatzeinleitungen

Karin Wetschanow
Since Swales’ groundbreaking article (1990) on the rhetorical structure of research article introductions, a growing number of studies have explored the move structure of introductions. There is an enormous body of work analyzing citation practices in academic writing. Nevertheless, relatively little attention has been paid to the analysis of citation practices within different moves. This exploratory study of five German research articles investigates the relation of amount and types of citations within the different moves...

Chinese Negation Morpheme bù in Academic Writing

Chen-Li Kuo
Negation can be conveyed through various forms in a language. In Chinese, bù is the most common negative form, and it can also be a morpheme of a compound word which expresses negation and/or concepts closely associated with negation, e.g. modality and contrast. In order to capture most types of Chinese words carrying these concepts, we investigate Chinese words containing bù. This study first classifies bù-related words into seven categories according to the word structure...

Attributive possession in 19th century Mauritian Creole

Andrei Avram
The paper examines the attributive possessive structures attested in 19th century Mauritian Creole. It is first shown that these include a construction with the preposition pou ‘for’, which has not been mentioned in the literature. The situation in Mauritian Creole is then compared to that in Seychelles Creole, a closely related variety. Also discussed are some of the more general implications of the findings.

Persian Academic Lecture Closings: An Investigation into Verbal and Non-verbal Ending Indicators

Somaiyeh Shahri, Farzaneh Mir & Alireza Jalilifar
Lectures, as an indispensable channel of knowledge, have drawn the attention of many dis-course analysts. The present study investigates the organization of academic lecture closings, level of formality, and verbal and non-verbal cues for the ending of classes. To this end, 1500 minutes of 100 recorded Persian academic lectures were transcribed and the relating parts analyzed to explore the rhetorical structure of their termination points. Results showed that Persian lecturers used a wide range of...

Die Manifestierung von Geschlechterstereotypen in Metaphern der deutschen Jugendsprache

Oksana Khrystenko
The article considers gender-based substandard metaphors with stereotypical background in the German youth language. The aim of the publication is to highlight the peculiarities in metaphorical representation of males/females relating to their appearance, character, behavioral and intellectual characteristics. The substandard metaphors with a reference to male/female correlate with the conceptual metaphors grounded in sensory-motor experience. It can be concluded that the metaphors in the youth language verbalize gender stereotypes existing in society. The substandard metaphors...

Zur Verwendung nationaler Identitätskomponenten in der Unternehmenskommunikation – ein deutsch-dänischer Vergleich

Anne Grethe Julius Pedersen, Aase Voldgaard Larsen & Katrine Knudsen
How does globalization influence companies’ depiction of their national origin? In this study, we analyse and compare corporate websites of German and Danish companies related to the wind energy sector. Traditionally, Country of Origin (COO) has been used within certain industries with the purpose of achieving a competitive advantage. The wind energy sector is a relatively new sector with market potential worldwide. This situation has led us to investigate whether companies in this sector regard...

Zur Einführung

Erla Hallsteinsdóttir & Jörg Kilian

Wie kommen wir an die Bilder in unseren Köpfen? Zur Methodologie einer interkulturell anwendbaren Stereotypenerhebung

Rupprecht S. Baur & Stefan Ossenberg
SI.DE is an international research project at the University of Duisburg-Essen, which examines German, Russian, Turkish and Chinese auto- and heterostereotypes. Questioning for the study is made online and consists of two surveys; one survey based on stereotypes and a second based on the perception of each other’s foreign language. The questionnaire on stereotypes contains 140 attributes in total, while the respondents can select all of them without any limitation. The choice of these attributes...

„Man muss sich darauf einlassen, auf die dänische Mentalität“ – Funktionale Angemessenheit in der deutsch-dänischen interkulturellen Kommunikation

Katarina Le Müller & Erla Hallsteinsdóttir
This paper is based on results of the research project National stereotypes and marketing strategies in the intercultural Danish-German communication (SMiK). In the SMiK-project, we define stereotypes as linguistically and culturally determined patterns of thinking and behaving. Such patterns affect intercultural interactions and they should therefore be taken into consideration in the teaching of foreign languages and in intercultural communication. In the SMiK-project we have developed guidelines for the adequate intercultural interaction in the German-Danish...

Die mehrsprachige Universität und ihre Stereotype Einblicke in das Forschungsprojekt VAMUS

Marion Flach
Science and academic education are determined by discussion and scientific exchange across borders of both languages and countries. Consequently, universities can be understood as melting-pots: places where, traditionally, different forms of multilingualism are practiced. Academic staff, students, and administrative staff have different perceptions of multilingualism. Furthermore, they develop their specific and individual attitudes which are presumably influenced by traditions of the faculty or even the discipline. In this paper, I will present first findings of...

Sexy Danes, Tipsy Germans: The Use of Positive Cultural Stereotypes in Nation Branding Efforts

Julie K. Allen
While nation-branding campaigns have become a popular means for governments to attempt to improve their country’s standing on international indexes, such as the Anholt-Gfk Roper Nation Brand Index (NBI), the generally static ranking on such indexes suggests that national brands cannot simply be shaped by clever marketing campaigns. Instead, national brands rest on deeply rooted perceptions of a country’s character and identity, which often have much in common with popular stereotypes about the country. This...

Perioden mit Smileys. Zum Verhältnis von Emoticons und Interpunktion

Veronika Uhrová & Karsten Rinas
This study deals with smileys/emoticons which are frequently used in e-mails, chats and other modern types of text. The use of these signs is analyzed from the viewpoint of the theory of writing; special attention is paid to the question of the relationship of these signs to (German) punctuation. For this purpose, smileys and traditional punctuation are compared under various aspects (emotionality, irony, structuring of text). Another component of this study is a discussion of...

Index

Zwischen Abgrenzung und Faszination. Das nationalsozialistische Deutschland in populärkulturellen dänischen Darstellungen des Zweiten Weltkriegs

Katja Gorbahn
The paper discusses the presentation of Nazi Germany in products of current Danish popular culture. It analyzes and compares two different, but closely connected types of media: movies and popular history magazines. It is informed by a social identity approach and demonstrates that stereotypes with respect to Nazi Germany – such as technology and masculinity – are characterized by a specific tension between otherness and fascination. It argues that memory studies have to cope with...

Mehrsprachigkeit. Defizit oder Potenzial? Nationalideologische Hindernisse im Sprachlernumfeld der dänischen Minderheit in Südschleswig

Daniel Frebel & Rune Steenberg Reyhé
This paper examines language learning in the schools of the Danish minority in northern Germany. The paper shows that the pedagogic approach shaped along a historical narrative of Danish national ideology reflected both in the curriculum and the actual teaching practice, negatively influences the students’ language learning. Based on 14 in-depth interviews, participant observation and a deep cultural knowledge of the region and the institutions examined, we develop the following hypothesis. The ideological constraints connected...

L’apport des corpus échantillonnés aux descriptions grammaticales. L’exemple des formes contre et entre

Mireille Bilger & Paul Cappeau
The following article sets out to show how different kinds of sampled corpus data can be used to provide a critical view of certain descriptions given in reference works (grammars and dictionaries) which, for French, tend to concentrate on literary usage. We show how quantitative and qualitative methods can be proposed to nuance the descriptions, using the example of the forms contre and entre in four different corpora: private speech, public speech, literature, press.

Fremdsprachendidaktik anhand von Literatur: Reflexion über Stereotype

Gesa Singer
Stereotypes are often based on concepts of mentalities and ‘images of the self’ and the ‘other’. This is the way they appear in language. In modern didactics of foreign language the focus is mostly set on cultural contrast. Meanwhile a more profound analysis and reflexion on stereotypes is lacking. This piece of work intends to illustrate, based on practical examples (in German as a foreign language), how the use of literature can contribute to a...

Vorwort

Elke Hentschel

Die Entwicklungslogik der nominalen Determinativkomposition im Deutschen – verstanden als Grammatikalisierung

Martina Werner
Under the assumption of an individually grammatical semantics of word-formation types, this paper deals with the development of determinative compounding in the history of German from an inner-morphological perspective. Diachronically, the former research observed that German nouns have become “longer”, i. e. more complex (firstly been formulated by Wurzel 1996). Additionally, some morphological restrictions within nominal compounding have been documented for historical stages of German, but some of them cannot be attested in present-day German....

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