412 Works

Automated contrast painting for position verification in radiotherapy

Paul-Martin Putora, Ludovit Paulis & Ludwig Plasswilm
The influence of information technology in medicine has been constantly rising and represents a central part in many medical disciplines, especially radio-oncology. For the proper delivery of radiation treatment, the correct position of the patient is essential. To verify the correct position of the patient radiological images are made. In order to compare positions, contours of structures (often bones) may be used, these need to be identified and painted. The software that was provided with...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 869 : Poetry manuscript containing the works of the Reichenau scholar and Abbot Walahfrid Strabo

Strabo Walahfridus
A highly important poetry manuscript containing the works of the Reichenau scholar and Abbot Walahfrid Strabo (809/10-849). In addition to a wealth of short poems of both a spiritual and a worldly nature, the volume also includes verse legends about both the Cappadocian martyr Mammes (De vita et fine Mammae monachi) and the Irish Abbot Blathmac (Versus Strabi de beati Blaithmaic vita et fine), the Dream-vision of Reichenau monk Wetti (Visio Wettini) and the poem...

Dodes (diagnostic nodes) for Guideline Manipulation

Ludwig Plasswilm, Marcel Blattner, Alexander Papachristofilou, Fabio Mariotti, Paul-Martin Putora & Beatrice Paoli
Background: Treatment recommendations (guidelines) are commonly represented in text form. Based on parameters (questions) recommendations are defined (answers). Objectives: To improve handling, alternative forms of representation are required. Methods: The concept of Dodes (diagnostic nodes) has been developed. Dodes contain answers and questions. Dodes are based on linked nodes and additionally contain descriptive information and recommendations. Dodes are organized hierarchically into Dode trees. Dode categories must be defined to prevent redundancy. Results: A centralized and...

Pilot Study of a Radiation Oncology Telemedicine Platform

Ceferino Obcemea, Ceferino Obcemea, Sang Sim, Boris A. Mueller & James Lee
Purpose: A pilot study was undertaken to develop an integrated telemedicine platform for radiation oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and its regional sites. The platform consisted of a computer system with simultaneous display of multiple live data portals including 1) video-conferencing between physicians, 2) radiology, and 3) radiation treatment-planning system (RTPS). Methods and Materials: Two MSKCC regional centers were set up with a widescreen monitor, a dedicated computer, and a web camera with...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 317 : Augustinus in psalmos I-LXXVI, et alia.

Aurelius Augustinus, Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus & Strabo Walahfridus
A copy of the first part of the commentary on the Psalms, Expositio super psalmos by Walahfrid Strabo (808/09-849), dealing with Psalms 1 through 76, produced in the 9th century at the Abbey of St. Gall. In addition there are copies of two letters from Jerome (No. 30: Ad Paulam; No. 38: Ad Marcellam).

Techniques and software tool for 3D multimodality medical image segmentation

Issam M. El Naqa, Joseph Deasy, Jie Zheng, Deshan Yang & Ahmad Nofal
The era of noninvasive diagnostic radiology and image-guided radiotherapy has witnessed burgeoning interest in applying different imaging modalities to stage and localize complex diseases such as atherosclerosis or cancer. It has been observed that using complementary information from multimodality images often significantly improves the robustness and accuracy of target volume definitions in radiotherapy treatment of cancer. In this work, we present techniques and an interactive software tool to support this new framework for 3D multimodality...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 249 : Beda de orthographia; Caper de orthographia; Agroetius de orthographia; et alia orthographica.

Quintus Terentius Scaurus, Venerabilis Beda, Senonensis Agroecius & Flavius Caper
A copy of several tracts on orthography, written in about 800 at the Abbey of St. Gall. This manuscript contains, among other items, a copy of the tract De orthographia by Alcuin of York, based on the work of the same name by the Venerable Bede, as well as orthographical tracts by the Gallic bishop Agroetius (5th century) and the Roman grammarian Flavius Caper (2nd century).

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 228 : Sententiae libri tres

Hispalensis Isidorus
From the time of Abbot Werdo (784-812): the "sententiae" of Isidore of Seville.

Towards Prediction of Radiation Pneumonitis Arising from Lung Cancer Patients Using Machine Learning Approaches

Aditya Apte, Jeffrey Bradley, Issam M. El Naqa, Jung Hun Oh & Rawan Al-Lozi
Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is a potentially fatal side effect arising in lung cancer patients who receive radiotherapy as part of their treatment. For the modeling of RP outcomes data, several predictive models based on traditional statistical methods and machine learning techniques have been reported. However, no guidance to variation in performance has been provided to date. In this study, we explore several machine learning algorithms for classification of RP data. The performance of these classification...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 424 : Expositio libri comitis

Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus & Flaccus Alcuinus
An incomplete copy of the Expositio libri comitis, a selection of Epistle and Gospel readings organized according to the Church year composed by the Benedictine monk Smaragdus of St. Mihiel (near Verdun; † ca. 840), produced near the middle of the 9th century at the Abbey of St. Gall.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 627 : Flavius Josephus, Bellum Judaicum, 1. VII

Eccardus IV, Sangallensis, Sangallensis Grimaldus, Aquileiensis Rufinus & Flavius Josephus
A copy of the work Bellum Judaicum (the Jewish War) by the Jewish author Flavius Josephus (1st century AD), produced in the 9th century, probably not at the Abbey of St. Gall, by the hands of eight different scribes.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 30 : A copy of three Old Testament books (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs)

Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus
A copy of three Old Testament books (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs) made in St. Gall in about 800. On page 1, used for quill tests, is the St. Gall mocking verse, famous among Germanist scholars, Liubene ersazta sine gruz unde kab sina tohter zu...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 79 : Bible (I-II Chr, Jdt, Esth, I-II Ezra, I-II Macc)

Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus
Bible manuscript from the time of Hartmut, Vice-abbot ca. 850-872 and Abbot 872-883, containing books of the Old Testament (Paralipomenon I and II, Judith, Esther, Ezra, Nehemiah and Maccabees I and II).

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 368 : Latin Gospel readings

(:Unav)
A volume of the Gospels, made to order for an unknown customer in about 1470/1480, possibly in the workshop of the book illustrator Rudolf Stahel of Konstanz. It contains Latin Gospel readings for the most important holy days of the church year. Illustrated by at least two artists with 21 full-page illustrations, including the symbols of the four evangelists and representations of the most important holy days throughout the year. In 1658 the volume was...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 459 : Computational/scientific compilation with numerous tables, schematics

Venerabilis Beda, Hispalensis Isidorus, Strabo Walahfridus, Sanctus Columbanus, Ildefons Von Arx & Eccardus IV, Sangallensis
Computational/scientific compilation manuscript with numerous tables, schematics, and texts about calendar computation, produced in the monastery of St. Gall around the end of the 9th century and beginning ot the 10th. The volume also includes a St. Gallen calendar and the Annales Sangallenses brevissimi (a short history of St. Gall). Two early medieval maps of the world (terrae orbis or T-O maps) precede the work De temporum ratione by the Venerable Bede.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 903 : Prisciani grammatica

Caesariensis Priscianus
A copy of the 16 books of the Grammar of Priscian of Caesarea (Priscianus maior), written in Carolingian minuscule at the turn of the 8th to the 9th century, probably in northern Italy (Verona?). The manuscript came into the possession of the Abbey of St. Gall during the 9th century under Abbot Grimald.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 462 : German song book

Aegidius Tschudi, Johannes Heer, Johannes Heer & Johannes Heer
The song book of Chaplain Johannes Heer of Glarus: a collection of 88 folk-, students-, love-, drinking- and joke songs, among them 40 unique items; from the pre-reformation period (1510-1520).

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 232 : Isidorus, Etymologiae, Books XI-XX

Hispalensis Isidorus
A careful copy of books XI to XX of the Etymologiae of Isidore of Seville († 636) written shortly before the year 900 in the monastery of St. Gall. On a flyleaf from the early 12th century: "St. Galler Glauben und Beichte I" with a short confession, a plea for indulgence, an indulgence formula for the use of a priest and the Creed in Old High German.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 159 : Hieronymus, epistolae; Origenes, sermones; Cassiodorus, de anima

Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus, Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus, Eccardus IV, Sangallensis, Presbyter Oceanus, Origenes, Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus, Aurelius Augustinus, Papa Damasus I & Pammachius
Copies of 40 letters written by the church father Jerome, set down by a number of different scribes in the Cloister of St. Gall around the middle of the 9th century in Carolingian minuscule script. Annotated in the 11th century with rich interlinear and marginal commentaries by the monk Ekkehart IV († about 1060). This codex also contains the homilies of Origen on Jerome's Latin translation of the Song of Songs as well as the...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 257 : Beda in Marcum evangelistam

Venerabilis Beda
This copy of the commentary of the Venerable Bede (d. 735) on the Gospel of Mark is significant to textual history; it was produced during the 9th century at the Abbey of St. Gall.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 2 : Bible (Num, Deut, Acts, Apoc), excerpts from OT and NT, varia

Aurelius Augustinus & Sangallensis Winitharius
A Winithar manuscript dating from the early period of the abbey of St. Gall, containing books of the Old and New Testament.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 870 : Commentary notes about the 16 Satires of Juvenal

Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis
Commentary notes (most of them explanations written for use in teaching) about the 16 Satires of the Roman poet Juvenal (about 60-140), preceded by 460 verses in hexameter (most of them from the Satires) and a mixed glossary from the Satires of Juvenal. The St. Gall copy was made in the second half of the 9th century.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 124 : Exegetical-liturgical collection of works

Jessé D'Amiens & Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus
Exegetical-liturgical collection of works, probably produced around 810/820 in the Cloister of St. Amand in the area of Lille in northern France. It contains, among other items, a commentary on the Gospels by Pseudo-Hieronymus (illustrated with Irish-influenced symbolic representations of the four evangelists), texts by the early church fathers Augustine, Isidore of Seville, the Venerable Bede, a letter from Charlemagne to Alcuin, a baptismal ritual attributed to Bishop Jesse of Amiens († 836/37), and finally...

A Graphical Tool and Methods for Assessing Margin Definition From Daily Image Deformations

David Mansur, Gisele Pereira, Issam M. El Naqa, Rawan Al-Lozi, Aditya P. Apte & Matthew Johnson
Estimating the proper margins for the planning target volume (PTV) could be a challenging task in cases where the organ undergoes significant changes during the course of radiotherapy treatment. Developments in image-guidance and the presence of onboard imaging technologies facilitate the process of correcting setup errors. However, estimation of errors to organ motions remain an open question due to the lack of proper software tools to accompany these imaging technological advances. Therefore, we have developed...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 862 : A commentary by Servius on Virgil, Aeneid (VIII, 686-XII)

Servius & Aelius Donatus
Part 2 of the commentary by the late Roman grammarian Servius (ca. 400) on the works of Virgil, including books 9 through 12 as well as a biography of Publius Vergilius Maro, produced in about 900 in the Abbey of St. Gall. Part 1 of this widely disseminated commentary on Virgil is found in Cod. Sang. 861.

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