419 Works

Pilot Study of a Radiation Oncology Telemedicine Platform

Ceferino Obcemea, Ceferino Obcemea, Sang Sim, Boris A. Mueller & James Lee
Purpose: A pilot study was undertaken to develop an integrated telemedicine platform for radiation oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and its regional sites. The platform consisted of a computer system with simultaneous display of multiple live data portals including 1) video-conferencing between physicians, 2) radiology, and 3) radiation treatment-planning system (RTPS). Methods and Materials: Two MSKCC regional centers were set up with a widescreen monitor, a dedicated computer, and a web camera with...

A Graphical Tool and Methods for Assessing Margin Definition From Daily Image Deformations

David Mansur, Gisele Pereira, Issam M. El Naqa, Rawan Al-Lozi, Aditya P. Apte & Matthew Johnson
Estimating the proper margins for the planning target volume (PTV) could be a challenging task in cases where the organ undergoes significant changes during the course of radiotherapy treatment. Developments in image-guidance and the presence of onboard imaging technologies facilitate the process of correcting setup errors. However, estimation of errors to organ motions remain an open question due to the lack of proper software tools to accompany these imaging technological advances. Therefore, we have developed...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 80 : Pentateuch . Books of Josua and Judges . Epistles of Paul

Venerabilis Beda & Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus
A copy of the first five books of Moses (the Pentateuch), the books of Joshua and Judges from the Old Testament as well as the Epistles of Paul and the Acts of the Apostles from the New Testament, produced in about 1100 in the cloister of All Saints (Allerheiligen) in Schaffhausen, already recorded in the 12th century as held in St. Gall.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 226 : Isidori Synonyma II, Humilia ad monachos, Sermo Eucherii

Hispalensis Isidorus & Lugdunensis Eucherius
The sole papyrus manuscript held by the Abbey Library of St. Gall. The 23 pages, written after 650 in southern France, contain the closing of the second chapter of the Synonyma of Isidore of Seville as well as two exhortations aimed at monks. After being preserved over a very long period in a wooden case, these 23 pages were mounted between two glass plates in the Egyptian Museum of Berlin in 1899/1900.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 135 : Carmina

Hispalensis Isidorus & Aurelius Prudentius Clemens
A compilation from the 11th century containing a version of Prudentius' Psychomachia, illustrated with pen drawings.

Dodes (diagnostic nodes) for Guideline Manipulation

Ludwig Plasswilm, Marcel Blattner, Alexander Papachristofilou, Fabio Mariotti, Paul-Martin Putora & Beatrice Paoli
Background: Treatment recommendations (guidelines) are commonly represented in text form. Based on parameters (questions) recommendations are defined (answers). Objectives: To improve handling, alternative forms of representation are required. Methods: The concept of Dodes (diagnostic nodes) has been developed. Dodes contain answers and questions. Dodes are based on linked nodes and additionally contain descriptive information and recommendations. Dodes are organized hierarchically into Dode trees. Dode categories must be defined to prevent redundancy. Results: A centralized and...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 563 : Vitae of ancient Roman and Franconian saints

Turonensis Gregorius, Locogiacensis Ursinus, Fortunatus Venantius, Elnonensis Baudemundus, Ildefons Von Arx, Flaccus Alcuinus, Mediolanensis Ambrosius & Lugdunensis Eucherius
Contains, among other items, the most reliable texts of the vitae of saints Richarius, Dionysius, Gregory the Great, Leodegarius, Vedastus, Nazarius, Mark the Evangelist, Kosmas and Damian.

Techniques and software tool for 3D multimodality medical image segmentation

Issam M. El Naqa, Joseph Deasy, Jie Zheng, Deshan Yang & Ahmad Nofal
The era of noninvasive diagnostic radiology and image-guided radiotherapy has witnessed burgeoning interest in applying different imaging modalities to stage and localize complex diseases such as atherosclerosis or cancer. It has been observed that using complementary information from multimodality images often significantly improves the robustness and accuracy of target volume definitions in radiotherapy treatment of cancer. In this work, we present techniques and an interactive software tool to support this new framework for 3D multimodality...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 141 : Augustinus, de disciplina christianorum · Augustinus, Sermo de corpore et anima · Pseudo-Seneca, de moribus, et alia

Aurelius Augustinus, Chrysostomus Johannes, Autpertus Ambrosius, Lucius Annaeus Seneca & Papa Gregorius I
An undecorated composite manuscript containing various short texts and textual excerpts from the writings of Augustine, John Chrysostom and Ambrosius Autpertus († 784) among others, together with the work, then attributed to Seneca, De moribus (145 moral proverbs, which were probably composed by a Christian living in Gaul). The codex was written in about 900 in a Carolingian minuscule, probably in northern France. The back portion contains, in a short selection from Moralia in Iob...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 733 : Capitular document collection from the time of Charlemagne

(:Unav)
Small format manuscript for regular use with a Capitular document collection from the time of Charlemagne. It contains numerous regulations enacted by Charlemagne between 779 and 789, in good, excellent, and sometimes unique surviving versions. It contains, among other items, the Capitularies of Herstal from 779 and the famous Admonitio generalis of Charlemagne from 789. Excellently conserved original Carolingian binding.

Towards Prediction of Radiation Pneumonitis Arising from Lung Cancer Patients Using Machine Learning Approaches

Aditya Apte, Jeffrey Bradley, Issam M. El Naqa, Jung Hun Oh & Rawan Al-Lozi
Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is a potentially fatal side effect arising in lung cancer patients who receive radiotherapy as part of their treatment. For the modeling of RP outcomes data, several predictive models based on traditional statistical methods and machine learning techniques have been reported. However, no guidance to variation in performance has been provided to date. In this study, we explore several machine learning algorithms for classification of RP data. The performance of these classification...

Zürich, Zentralbibliothek, Ms. C 10i : Passionarius maior

(:Unav)
The St. Gallen Passionarius Maior, or Great Passion, a collection of 92 legends of the saints assembled by monks of St. Gall from the time around 900, supplemented with annotations and glosses by the St. St. Gall monks Notker Balbulus († 912) and Ekkehart IV. († about 1060).

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 398 : Benedictiones episcopales

(:Unav)
A Benedictional from the diocese of Mainz, written and decorated with about 200 gold initials and a full-page miniature of Christ as Savior of the World; from about the year 1000, during the tenure of Archbishop Willigis (975-1011). Obtained by the Cloister of St. Gall at an unknown point in time (oldest evidence: in St. Gall by about 1600). It contains the prayers of benediction to be sung by the bishop, ordered according to the...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 566 : Lives of early Roman and early German saints

De Froidmont Hélinant, Viennensis Ado, Cappadox Amphilochius, Sidetes Amphilochius & Ildefons Von Arx
Hagiographic manuscript compriseing the lives of early Roman and early German saints, produced in the monastery of St. Gall around 900. The volume contains, among other items, lives of saints Lucius, Desiderius, Kilian, Vigilius, and Gertrud as well as a compilation in calendar format of the lives of the saints who were well-known in the monastery of St. Gall in the 9th century.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 196 : Educational manuscript: poems of Venantius Fortunatus; Aenigmata (riddles) of a poet named Symphosius or Symposius.

Symphosius & Fortunatus Venantius
Educational manuscript from the monastery of St. Gall, produced in the second third of the 9th century; contains mainly the poems (Carmina) of the early Christian Merovingian poet Venantius Fortunatus († 600), with four pattern poems on the Cross, as well as a copy of the Aenigmata (riddles) of a poet named Symphosius or Symposius.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 103 : Chrysostomus Latinus

Sophronius Eusebius Hieronymus, Eccardus IV, Sangallensis, Chrysostomus Johannes, Gabalensis Severianus, Potamius Ulixbonensis & Aurelius Augustinus
This copy of the so-called Chrysostomus Latinus is significant in terms of textual history study. This collection of 38 sermons and other works attributed to the early church father John Chrysostom (349/50-407) includes both ancient Latin translations of original works in Greek reliably attributable to John Chrysostom, and also some pieces originally written in Latin, the contents of some of which are identified and some are not, for which the celebrated sermonist is claimed as...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 172 : Augustinus, Contra Faustum Manichaeum libri II

Aurelius Augustinus
A copy of Augustine's work Contra Faustum Manichaeum libri II, written during the second half of the 9th century, probably at the Abbey of St. Gall. In the year 2009, a strip containing a portion of text from the Vetus-Latina version of the Gospels from the early 5th century was detached from page 258 of this codex; it is now included with other fragments from the same original manuscript in Cod. Sang. 1394 (pp. 51-88).

Automated contrast painting for position verification in radiotherapy

Paul-Martin Putora, Ludovit Paulis & Ludwig Plasswilm
The influence of information technology in medicine has been constantly rising and represents a central part in many medical disciplines, especially radio-oncology. For the proper delivery of radiation treatment, the correct position of the patient is essential. To verify the correct position of the patient radiological images are made. In order to compare positions, contours of structures (often bones) may be used, these need to be identified and painted. The software that was provided with...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 72 : Epistolæ Pauli. Acta Apostolorum. Epistolæ catholicæ. Apokalypsis.

Venerabilis Beda
Copies of the Epistles of Paul, the Acts of the Apostles, the Catholic Letters (3 by John, 2 by Peter, one by James, one by Jude) and the Apocalypse, written and decorated with several initials sometime in the middle of the 9th century at the Abbey of St. Gall.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 458 : A martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus

Pater Pius Kolb, Balbulus Notker, Maurus Hrabanus & Ildefons Von Arx
A martyrology by Hrabanus Maurus, composed shortly after 843. The codex contains a copy of Cod. Sang. 457, under the auspices of the St. Gall monk Notker Balbulus shortly after 875. It also includes the presentation dedication, missing from the presentation copy (Cod. Sang. 457), addressed to Abbot Ratleik of Seligenstadt and Abbot Grimald of St. Gall (841-872).

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 836 : Aristotle, De natura animalium tractatus XIX

Scotus Michael & Aristoteles
A painstakingly annoted copy of the work De natura animalium tractatus XIX by Aristotle, in the Latin version by the scholar Michael Scotus († ca. 1235), written during the 13th century, with an opening "I" initial, partly decorated in gold, showing a man sitting before a book. In 1453 this manuscript was owned by one Johannes Kalf from Wangen (in Allgäu); bound in a Kopert (limp vellum) binding.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 623 : Pompeius Trogus / Justinus Junianus, Historia

Ildefons Von Arx, Marcus Iunianus Iustinus & Trogus Pompeius
A copy of the excerpts made by Junianus Justinus from the lost history of the world (Historiae Philippicae) by the Roman historian Pompeius Trogus, produced in the 9th century, probably at the Abbey of St. Gall. At the end of the text is the famous Old High German St. Gallen scribal verse: Chumo kiscreib filo chumor kipeit.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 387 : Breviary, summer portion (with neumes)

Alcimus Ecdicius Avitus & De Caphargamala Lucianus
Summer portion (Holy Saturday through the end of the church year) of a breviary written at the Abbey of St. Gall between 1022 and 1047 (with readings, prayers, extracts from homilies, antiphons, responses and hymns for the monastic liturgy of the hours), includes additions made as late as the 14th century. The sung sections include neumes. Preceding materials include a fragment of a collections of homilies, a calendar, and computistical texts and tables. The corresponding...

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 555 : Vita sancti Columbae

De Iona Adamnanus, Ildefons Von Arx & Carl Johann Greith
Adamnan of Iona (Hy; ca. 624-704), Vita of Saint Columba († 597), with a faded pen drawing of the saint at prayer.

St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 237 : Isidore's Etymology in 20 books

Caesaraugustanus Braulio & Hispalensis Isidorus
A copy of the Etymologies of Isidore of Seville from the time after 800. Most probably not written in the monastery of St. Gall. In the front, on a page with pen trials, a faded and much studied early medieval map of the world. The encyclopedia written by Isidore of Seville in the early 7th century is one of the most read and most quoted books of the Middle Ages.

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