606 Works

Psilotaceae

Michael Kessler

Partitioning environmental sequencing data using categorical and phylogenetic information using PhyloH with parsing Qiime

Saverio Vicario
Partitioning environmental sequencing data using categorical and phylogenetic information using PhyloH . The WF need a tree in newick format, a samplefile that show the where the leaf of the tree are found in the different sample and how many time, and a grouping file where the different sample are grouped using a categorical variable. The WF gives back a tabular and graphical representation of an entropy based partitioning of the information present in the...

Biome-BGC MCE 1.4.1

Ferenc Horváth, Zoltán Barcza, Dóra Krasser & Péter Ittzés
Biome-BGC is a process-based biogeochemical model that can be used to simulate carbon, nitrogen and water fluxes of different terrestrial ecosystems. Two models were implemented: Biome-BGC 4.1.1 MPI (Trusilova et al. 2009) and Biome-BGC MuSo 3.0 (Hidy & Barcza 2014). Its has about 40 and 60 various parameters. The only way to estimate or set these parameters is "calibration" (data-model-harmonization or model-data-fusion), which demands a hugh amount of computational capacity. Monte Carlo Experiment (MCE) randomizes...

The inventory of emotions towards God (EtG): psychological valences and theological issues

Matthias Richard & Stefan Huber

In Search of the Generic Identity of the Book Review: A Chronological and Pragmatic Study

Leila Tanavar & Alireza Jalilifar
Given the significance of Book Reviews (BRs) and the fact that little has been devoted to the study of this genre, the current study investigated the macrostructure as well as the politeness features of a sample of BRs, representing two periods of time (1980-1990/2000-2010), in applied linguistics. The main purpose of this analysis was to identify the macrostructures and the politeness strategies in the "closing evaluation" section of BRs. The dataset consisted of 80 BRs...

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Zum Ausnahmezustand als Experimentierfeld für die Legitimierung von sonder- und außerrechtlichen Maßnahmen

Anna-Lena Dießelmann
This study focuses on the protests against the G8 summit in Heilgendamm, Germany, 2007. In the weeks preceding the event, Germany was preparing for a state of emergency. This discourse was created by legal authorities, politicians, security experts, the international media and the protestors alike. The study reconstructs the struggle for legitimacy and hegemonic supremacy. During this process the definition what was considered a "normal" protest and what a transgression shifted – highlighted by the...

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\"Nebelsprech\" – Sprechen in der parlamentarischen Demokratie

Martin Haase
"Fogspeech" is a variant of Orwellian Newspeak typical of parliamentary Democracy: As it is important in a Democracy to find vast support for political projects, linguistic strategies from advertising are used, esp. positively connotated words, positive framing, hyperbolic speech. At the same time, politicians who want to avoid direct responsibility tend to use nebular expressions, set phrases, passive and impersonal constructions etc. A number of examples are discussed.

Root system of singular perturbations of the harmonic oscillator type operators

Petr Siegl & B. Mityagin
We analyze perturbations of the harmonic oscillator type operators in a Hilbert space H, i.e. of the self-adjoint operator with simple positive eigenvalues μ k satisfying μ k+1 − μ k ≥ Δ > 0. Perturbations are considered in the sense of quadratic forms. Under a local subordination assumption, the eigenvalues of the perturbed operator become eventually simple and the root system contains a Riesz basis.

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Zur Entwicklung und zum Gegenstandbereich der deutschen und der polnischen Phraseologie

Anna Sulikowska & Jolanta Ignatowicz-Skowrońska
The aim of the article, which is addressed to a German reader with phraseological interests, is the depiction of research development within phraseology and terminological agreements in the tradition of phraseology in Polish and German. In the centre of our interest remains the definition of the term phraseme, specification and description of the phraseme features in the context of the contemporary research and also attempts concerning phraseme classifications.

Stent-Retriever Thrombectomy after Intravenous t-PA vs. t-PA Alone in Stroke

Werner Hacke, Christophe Cognard, Vivek K. Reddy, Richard Du Mesnil De Rochemont, Jeffrey L. Saver, Adnan H. Siddiqui, Hans-Christoph Diener, Raul G. Nogueira, Blaise W. Baxter, Heinrich P. Mattle, Thomas G. Devlin, Tudor G. Jovin, Dileep R. Yavagal, Vitor M. Pereira, Mayank Goyal, Gregory W. Albers, David J. Cohen, Elad I. Levy, Reza Jahan, Alain Bonafe, Olav Jansen, Demetrius K. Lopes & Oliver C. Singer
Background Among patients with acute ischemic stroke due to occlusions in the proximal anterior intracranial circulation, less than 40% regain functional independence when treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) alone. Thrombectomy with the use of a stent retriever, in addition to intravenous t-PA, increases reperfusion rates and may improve long-term functional outcome. Methods We randomly assigned eligible patients with stroke who were receiving or had received intravenous t-PA to continue with t-PA alone (control...

Porcine extrahepatic vascular endothelial asialoglycoprotein receptor 1 mediates xenogeneic platelet phagocytosis in vitro and in human-to-pig ex vivo xenoperfusion.

Anjan K Bongoni, Christopher Burlak, David Kiermeir, Robert Rieben, Hansjörg Jenni, Mihai Adrian Constantinescu, Esther Vögelin, Jörg D Seebach & Julie Sophie Cécile Denoyelle
BACKGROUND Asialoglycoprotein receptor-1 (ASGR1) mediates capture and phagocytosis of platelets in pig-to-primate liver xenotransplantation. However, thrombocytopenia is also observed in xenotransplantation or xenoperfusion of other porcine organs than liver. We therefore assessed ASGR1 expression as well as ASGR1-mediated xenogeneic platelet phagocytosis in vitro and ex vivo on porcine aortic, femoral arterial, and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (PAEC/PFAEC/PLSEC). METHODS Porcine forelimbs were perfused with whole, heparinized human or autologous pig blood. Platelets were counted at regular...

Personality complexes in adolescence: Traits, interests, work values, and self-evaluations

Andreas Hirschi
Following the recent trend in psychology towards a more integrative view of personality, the study attempted to establish the connections and underlying complexes of fundamental personality dispositions within two cohorts of Swiss adolescents in eighth and eleventh grade (N = 492, ages 13 to 19): Big-Five basic traits, big six vocational interests, work values, and generalized self-efficacy and externality of control beliefs. Five factors were identified which accounted for 60% of variance among the relations...

Vocational identity achievement as a mediator of presence of calling and life satisfaction

Anne Herrmann & Andreas Hirschi
The present study explores what mechanism might be responsible for the reported link between presence of a calling in one’s career and life satisfaction. It is proposed that vocational identity achievement acts as one important mediator of this relation and that the effects can be observed even when controlling for core self-evaluations (CSEs). The study used a short-term longitudinal design based on a sample of 269 German college students from different majors. The results confirmed...

Calling and career preparation: Investigating developmental patterns and temporal precedence

Anne Herrmann & Andreas Hirschi
The presence of a calling and career development are assumed to be closely related. However, the nature of and reason for this relationship has not been thoroughly investigated. We hypothesized the existence of reciprocal effects between calling and three dimensions of career preparation and assessed the change of the presence of a calling, career planning, decidedness, and self-efficacy with three waves of a diverse sample of German university students (N = 846) over one year....

Hope as a resource for career exploration: Examining incremental and cross-lagged effects

Marc Abessolo, Andreas Hirschi & Ariane Froidevaux
Hope is believed to be beneficial for vocational pursuits, but the question of how and why hope is related to pivotal career development variables remains largely unaddressed. In a series of three studies, we investigated the relationship between hope and career exploration. Study 1 examined at-risk adolescents (N = 228) in Switzerland and showed that hope explains variance in career exploration beyond the significant effects of generalized self-efficacy beliefs and perceived social support. Study 2...

Integrating attentional control theory and the strength model of self-control

Alex Bertrams & Christoph Englert
In the present article, we argue that it may be fruitful to incorporate the ideas of the strength model of self-control into the core assumptions of the well-established attentional control theory (ACT). In ACT, it is assumed that anxiety automatically leads to attention disruption and increased distractibility, which may impair subsequent cognitive or perceptual-motor performance, but only if individuals do not have the ability to counteract this attention disruption. However, ACT does not clarify which...

\"We will abstain from eating any kind of food at the hotel\": On Analyzing and Teaching Pragmatic and Other Aspects of English as a Global Language

Joachim Grzega
The article deals with aspects of analyzing and teaching English as a global language. Apart from a few remarks on phonetics, lexis and morphosyntax, its specific focus are pragmalinguistic issues. After a brief state-of-the-art, analyses of both natural and experimentally elicited language data from oral and written contexts are presented. The analyses rest on both qualitative approaches (VOICE and You Tube clips) and quantitative approaches (one type of DPTs, two types of MJTs and one...

On Sexism in Language and Language Change – The Case of Peninsular Spanish

Benedicta Adokarley Lomotey
The Spanish language has been described as a sexist language due to the peculiar characteris-tics of its gender morphology. It is indicated by the o ('masculine') and a ('feminine') gender morphemes which generally represent male and female respectively. This has led to an appar-ent confusion between grammatical gender and biological sex. Against this background, this paper attempts to discover the impact of anti-sexist language proposals on the Spanish language by analyzing sample Spanish newspapers. Of...

Additive Focus Adverbs in Canonical Word Orders. A Corpus-based Study of It. anche, Fr. aussi and E. also in Written News

Anna-Maria De Cesare
The goal of this paper is to offer a cross-linguistic analysis of the most commonly occurring additive focus adverbs used in Italian, French and English – namely anche, aussi and also – on the basis of a corpus of written texts. The corpus used in this paper consists of comparable online news in Italian, French and English amounting to approximately 750000 words. In line with previous findings, our results show that there are important quantitative...

Additive Particles in Romance and Germanic Languages: Are They Really Similar?

Sandra Benazzo & Christine Dimroth
The starting point of this paper is the observation of an unequal frequency of the additive particle auch in German as compared to the paucity of its French counterpart aussi, in L1 and L2 developmental data as well as in adult native speakers' production, which leads to an investigation of the reasons for the observed difference in language use. The paper brings together findings on the structure and discourse integration of utterances containing additive particles...

How children \"add\" or \"restrict\" entities and temporal spans in narrations: evidence from Italian and English native children

Patrizia Giuliano
This work focuses on the acquisition of restrictive and (temporal and non temporal) additive means by Italian and English native children, especially including scope particles, together with children's progressing ability to build textual cohesion in a narrative text. In particular, the author tries to identify the age at which additive and restrictive means appear and the functions they carry out in discourse organization of very young subjects, as well as the cognitive operations the latter...

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