643 Works


Michael Kessler

Effets du programme d’Apprentissage à l’utilisation du Transport en Commun (ATraCo) : une étude pré-expérimentale

Erin O’Neill, Catherine Bélair, Sara-Maude Girard, Christina Ducharme, Mélanie Levasseur & Maxime Chagnon
Afin de maintenir ou d’augmenter leurs déplacements et leur intégration sociale, notamment pour pallier une cessation de la conduite automobile, l’apprentissage à l’utilisation du transport en commun peut s’avérer essentiel chez les aînés. Peu de programmes ayant cet objectif sont toutefois actuellement disponibles et ont été évalués. La présente étude visait à bonifier et à évaluer les effets d’un programme sur l’apprentissage à l’utilisation du transport en commun chez les aînés. Le Programme d’Apprentissage à...

Biome-BGC MCE 1.4.1

Ferenc Horváth, Zoltán Barcza, Dóra Krasser & Péter Ittzés
Biome-BGC is a process-based biogeochemical model that can be used to simulate carbon, nitrogen and water fluxes of different terrestrial ecosystems. Two models were implemented: Biome-BGC 4.1.1 MPI (Trusilova et al. 2009) and Biome-BGC MuSo 3.0 (Hidy & Barcza 2014). Its has about 40 and 60 various parameters. The only way to estimate or set these parameters is "calibration" (data-model-harmonization or model-data-fusion), which demands a hugh amount of computational capacity. Monte Carlo Experiment (MCE) randomizes...

Partitioning environmental sequencing data using categorical and phylogenetic information using PhyloH with parsing Qiime

Saverio Vicario
Partitioning environmental sequencing data using categorical and phylogenetic information using PhyloH . The WF need a tree in newick format, a samplefile that show the where the leaf of the tree are found in the different sample and how many time, and a grouping file where the different sample are grouped using a categorical variable. The WF gives back a tabular and graphical representation of an entropy based partitioning of the information present in the...

On Sexism in Language and Language Change – The Case of Peninsular Spanish

Benedicta Adokarley Lomotey
The Spanish language has been described as a sexist language due to the peculiar characteris-tics of its gender morphology. It is indicated by the o ('masculine') and a ('feminine') gender morphemes which generally represent male and female respectively. This has led to an appar-ent confusion between grammatical gender and biological sex. Against this background, this paper attempts to discover the impact of anti-sexist language proposals on the Spanish language by analyzing sample Spanish newspapers. Of...

\"We will abstain from eating any kind of food at the hotel\": On Analyzing and Teaching Pragmatic and Other Aspects of English as a Global Language

Joachim Grzega
The article deals with aspects of analyzing and teaching English as a global language. Apart from a few remarks on phonetics, lexis and morphosyntax, its specific focus are pragmalinguistic issues. After a brief state-of-the-art, analyses of both natural and experimentally elicited language data from oral and written contexts are presented. The analyses rest on both qualitative approaches (VOICE and You Tube clips) and quantitative approaches (one type of DPTs, two types of MJTs and one...

Towards a corpus-based analysis of evaluative scales associated with even

Christoph Rzymski & Volker Gast
Scalar focus operators like even, only, etc. interact with scales, i. e., ordered sets of alternatives that are referenced by focus structure. The scaling dimensions interacting with focus operators have been argued to be semantic (e. g. entailment relations, probability) in earlier work, but it has been shown that purely semantic analyses are too restrictive, and that the specific scale that a given operator interacts with is often pragmatic, in the sense of being a...

Additive Focus Adverbs in Canonical Word Orders. A Corpus-based Study of It. anche, Fr. aussi and E. also in Written News

Anna-Maria De Cesare
The goal of this paper is to offer a cross-linguistic analysis of the most commonly occurring additive focus adverbs used in Italian, French and English – namely anche, aussi and also – on the basis of a corpus of written texts. The corpus used in this paper consists of comparable online news in Italian, French and English amounting to approximately 750000 words. In line with previous findings, our results show that there are important quantitative...

Additive Particles in Romance and Germanic Languages: Are They Really Similar?

Sandra Benazzo & Christine Dimroth
The starting point of this paper is the observation of an unequal frequency of the additive particle auch in German as compared to the paucity of its French counterpart aussi, in L1 and L2 developmental data as well as in adult native speakers' production, which leads to an investigation of the reasons for the observed difference in language use. The paper brings together findings on the structure and discourse integration of utterances containing additive particles...

How children \"add\" or \"restrict\" entities and temporal spans in narrations: evidence from Italian and English native children

Patrizia Giuliano
This work focuses on the acquisition of restrictive and (temporal and non temporal) additive means by Italian and English native children, especially including scope particles, together with children's progressing ability to build textual cohesion in a narrative text. In particular, the author tries to identify the age at which additive and restrictive means appear and the functions they carry out in discourse organization of very young subjects, as well as the cognitive operations the latter...

Hairless Streaks in Cattle Implicate TSR2 in Early Hair Follicle Formation

Cord Drögemüller, Arcangelo Gentile, Monika Maria Welle, Leonardo Murgiano, Daniele Gallo, Aldona Pienkowska-Schelling, Philippe Plattet, Marja Mikkola, Anna Oevermann, Vidhya Jagannathan & Vera Shirokova
Four related cows showed hairless streaks on various parts of the body with no correlation to the pigmentation pattern. The stripes occurred in a consistent pattern resembling the lines of Blaschko. The non-syndromic hairlessness phenotype observed occurred across three generations of a single family and was compatible with an X-linked mode of inheritance. Linkage analysis and subsequent whole genome sequencing of one affected female identified two perfectly associated non-synonymous sequence variants in the critical interval...

Calling and career preparation: Investigating developmental patterns and temporal precedence

Anne Herrmann & Andreas Hirschi
The presence of a calling and career development are assumed to be closely related. However, the nature of and reason for this relationship has not been thoroughly investigated. We hypothesized the existence of reciprocal effects between calling and three dimensions of career preparation and assessed the change of the presence of a calling, career planning, decidedness, and self-efficacy with three waves of a diverse sample of German university students (N = 846) over one year....

Personality complexes in adolescence: Traits, interests, work values, and self-evaluations

Andreas Hirschi
Following the recent trend in psychology towards a more integrative view of personality, the study attempted to establish the connections and underlying complexes of fundamental personality dispositions within two cohorts of Swiss adolescents in eighth and eleventh grade (N = 492, ages 13 to 19): Big-Five basic traits, big six vocational interests, work values, and generalized self-efficacy and externality of control beliefs. Five factors were identified which accounted for 60% of variance among the relations...

Vocational identity achievement as a mediator of presence of calling and life satisfaction

Anne Herrmann & Andreas Hirschi
The present study explores what mechanism might be responsible for the reported link between presence of a calling in one’s career and life satisfaction. It is proposed that vocational identity achievement acts as one important mediator of this relation and that the effects can be observed even when controlling for core self-evaluations (CSEs). The study used a short-term longitudinal design based on a sample of 269 German college students from different majors. The results confirmed...

Long-term live imaging reveals cytosolic immune responses of host hepatocytes against Plasmodium infection and parasite escape mechanisms

Rahel Corina Wacker, Chris J Janse, Anna Heitmann, Nina Eickel, Carolina Agop Nersesian, Mariana Isabel De Niz Hidalgo, Christian G Meyer, Jürgen May, Monica Prado, Volker Heussler, Jacqueline Schmuckli-Maurer, Reto Caldelari & Shahid M Khan
Plasmodium parasites are transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes to the mammalian host and actively infect hepatocytes after passive transport in the bloodstream to the liver. In their target host hepatocyte, parasites reside within a parasitophorous vacuole (PV). In the present study it was shown that the parasitophorous vacuole membrane (PVM) can be targeted by autophagy marker proteins LC3, ubiquitin, and SQSTM1/p62 as well as by lysosomes in a process resembling selective autophagy. The dynamics of autophagy...

In Search of the Generic Identity of the Book Review: A Chronological and Pragmatic Study

Leila Tanavar & Alireza Jalilifar
Given the significance of Book Reviews (BRs) and the fact that little has been devoted to the study of this genre, the current study investigated the macrostructure as well as the politeness features of a sample of BRs, representing two periods of time (1980-1990/2000-2010), in applied linguistics. The main purpose of this analysis was to identify the macrostructures and the politeness strategies in the "closing evaluation" section of BRs. The dataset consisted of 80 BRs...

Placebo and other interventions in asthma

Alain M Schoepfer, Alex Straumann & Ekaterina Safroneeva

Forschungsevaluation in der Rechtswissenschaft: Ausgangslage, Entwicklungen und Ausblick

Fabian Amschwand, Andreas Lienhard & Eva Herrmann
Das neue Hochschulförderungs und -koordinationsgesetz (HFKG), der Wettbewerb zwischen den Hochschulen sowie die intrinsische Motivation der Forschungsgemeinschaft haben eine höhere Bedeutung von Evaluationsverfahren zur Folge. In der schweizerischen Rechtswissenschaft existieren bisher keine aussagekräftigen methodischen Grundlagen dazu. Erfahrungen aus dem Ausland zeigen indessen, dass Verfahren entwickelt werden können, die sowohl die Eigenheiten der Rechtswissenschaft als auch die Besonderheiten des Forschungsumfelds berücksichtigen. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist die schweizerische rechtswissenschaftliche Forschungsgemeinschaft gefordert, sich mit der Forschungsevaluation auseinanderzusetzen.

Verfassungsmässigkeit des Entwicklungsschrittes 2008/11 der Schweizer Armee

Philipp Häsler & Andreas Lienhard

Zum Ausnahmezustand als Experimentierfeld für die Legitimierung von sonder- und außerrechtlichen Maßnahmen

Anna-Lena Dießelmann
This study focuses on the protests against the G8 summit in Heilgendamm, Germany, 2007. In the weeks preceding the event, Germany was preparing for a state of emergency. This discourse was created by legal authorities, politicians, security experts, the international media and the protestors alike. The study reconstructs the struggle for legitimacy and hegemonic supremacy. During this process the definition what was considered a "normal" protest and what a transgression shifted – highlighted by the...


\"Nebelsprech\" – Sprechen in der parlamentarischen Demokratie

Martin Haase
"Fogspeech" is a variant of Orwellian Newspeak typical of parliamentary Democracy: As it is important in a Democracy to find vast support for political projects, linguistic strategies from advertising are used, esp. positively connotated words, positive framing, hyperbolic speech. At the same time, politicians who want to avoid direct responsibility tend to use nebular expressions, set phrases, passive and impersonal constructions etc. A number of examples are discussed.

Root system of singular perturbations of the harmonic oscillator type operators

Petr Siegl & B. Mityagin
We analyze perturbations of the harmonic oscillator type operators in a Hilbert space H, i.e. of the self-adjoint operator with simple positive eigenvalues μ k satisfying μ k+1 − μ k ≥ Δ > 0. Perturbations are considered in the sense of quadratic forms. Under a local subordination assumption, the eigenvalues of the perturbed operator become eventually simple and the root system contains a Riesz basis.

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